Whooping Cough. Symptoms and treatment of whooping cough. What is whooping cough? Whooping cough is an infection caused by a germ (bacterium) called Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough is also known as 'pertussis'. The bacterium is spread to others through contaminated droplets in the air, produced during coughing. It can also be spread by close contact with an affected person. The bacterium attaches to cells which line the airways.
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It then multiplies and causes the symptoms. Bordetella pertussis bacteria affect the lining of the airways in some way to cause the cough to continue for a long time after the bacteria have gone. What are the symptoms of whooping cough? The illness typically follows a pattern. Early stage (catarrhal phase)At first there is often a sore throat. Within a day or so a mild, dry, ordinary cough develops. At this stage you may feel mildly unwell and have a slightly high temperature (fever).
You may also have a runny nose. Over a few days the cough may become more productive with some phlegm (sputum) - but at first it still seems to be an ordinary cough. Main coughing stage (paroxysmal phase)After several days, usually 7- 1. This means there are bouts (paroxysms) of intense coughing.
They are sometimes called choking coughs. During a bout of coughing, you repeatedly cough over and over again.
The face often goes red and the body becomes tense. Eventually, there is a desperate attempt to breathe in, which may cause a whooping sound. Note: the whooping sound at the end of a bout of coughing only happens in about half of cases. Some children may stop breathing at the end of a bout of coughing and go blue for a short time.
This looks worse than it actually is, as breathing usually quickly resumes. Each bout of coughing typically lasts 1- 2 minutes. Several bouts of coughing may occur together and last several minutes in total. It is common to be sick (vomit) at the end of a bout of coughing. The number of coughing bouts per day varies from case to case. You may only have a few bouts each day but some people have up to 1. The average is about 1.
Pertussis (also known as whooping cough or 100-day cough) is a highly contagious bacterial disease. Initially, symptoms are usually similar to those of the common. · Upper respiratory tract infection (URI) represents the most common acute illness evaluated in the outpatient setting. URIs range from the common cold.
· You've been coughing for weeks. How do you know if it's just a hard-to-shake cold or something more serious? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States is currently experiencing what may turn out to be the largest outbreak of reported.
Between the bouts of coughing you are likely to be well (unless you develop a complication, which is not common). The symptoms of fever, runny nose and other symptoms of illness have usually gone by this main coughing stage. However, each bout of coughing can be distressing.
This main coughing stage of the illness usually lasts at least two weeks and often longer. Easing stage (convalescent phase)The bouts of coughing then ease gradually over a period which can last up to three months or more. In some countries whooping cough is known as the cough of a hundred days.) As things seem to be easing, you may still have the odd bout of severe coughing. Whooping cough can be very miserable, as the bouts of coughing can be distressing. However, in some cases the symptoms are milder than described above.
There may be just intermittent bouts of coughing which are not too bad without any whooping or vomiting. Who gets whooping cough? Anybody of any age can get whooping cough. It is usually a more serious illness in young babies under 6 months of age. Children. In countries with no immunisation, most children develop whooping cough at some stage. In the UK before immunisation was available there was an epidemic every 3- 4 years.
About 8 in 1. 0 children had whooping cough by the time they were 5 years old. After immunisation was introduced in the UK in the 1. There was a slump in immunisation after a scare in the 1. This led to two further epidemics. Each epidemic affected an estimated 4. Immunisation rates then went up again and most children are now immunised.
Whooping cough is now uncommon in UK children but remains a major cause of illness in children in countries with poor rates of immunisation. Adults and older children. Whooping cough is not just a childhood illness. Adults can get whooping cough. Indeed, because of immunisation, most cases in the UK now occur in older children and in adults. This is because some adults have not been immunised. Also, the protection from whooping cough immunisation may wane over the years in some people.
So, even if you were immunised as a young child, you may still get whooping cough as an older child or adult. It is hard to prove the diagnosis of whooping cough definitely from tests (see below). Whooping cough is probably a common cause of many 'mystery coughs' which last for several weeks. How infectious is whooping cough?
It is very infectious in the early stage of the illness, ie for the first three weeks. You will normally pass on the infection to most household members who are not immunised (or who have not previously had whooping cough). Symptoms develop 7- 2. If you have whooping cough you should stay away from others either: Until you have finished a five- day course of antibiotics (see below). Or, if you do not have antibiotics, for three weeks after symptoms start. After this, although you will probably still have bouts of coughing, you are not likely to be infectious.
California whooping cough outbreak. Health officials urge everyone who hasn't had a pertussis vaccine in the past five years to get the shot. STORY HIGHLIGHTSCalifornia health officials say it's the worst outbreak of whooping cough in 6. Nearly 6,0. 00 confirmed or probable cases have been reported since January 1.
Vaccinations prevent the spread of the highly contagious bacterial disease"This is a preventable disease," says a health department spokesman(CNN) - - Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, has claimed the 1. California, in what health officials are calling the worst outbreak in 6. Since the beginning of the year, 5,9. California. All of the deaths occurred in infants under the age of 3 months, says Michael Sicilia, a spokesman for the California Department of Public Health. Nine were younger than 8 weeks old, which means they were too young to have been vaccinated against this highly contagious bacterial disease."This is a preventable disease," says Sicilia, because there is a vaccine for whooping cough to protect those coming in contact with infants, and thereby protect the infants.
However, some parents are choosing to not vaccinate their children. In other cases, previously vaccinated children and adults may have lost their immunity because the vaccine has worn off. Why are parents skipping vaccines? The vaccine "does not protect you for life," explains Alison Patti, a spokesperson for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sicilia says California Health Department epidemiologists estimate 5.
According to the recommended vaccine schedule for infants, newborns don't get their first pertussis vaccine until they are 2 months old, leaving them vulnerable to infection until then if the people surrounding them are infected. Breaking down whooping cough"That's why the real important message is - - whether it's a mom, dad, sibling, grandfather or grandmother that comes in contact with these really young babies - - all the close contacts, including the health care professionals, need to vaccinated," says Patti. It's called the "cocooning strategy," where the newborns are protected because the older people around them have been vaccinated and protected from pertussis, and therefore won't pass it on to little babies. Do children in the U. S. have to get more shots?
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a highly contagious disease caused by bacteria that can lead to severe upper respiratory infections. The bacteria is spread in tiny droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Initial symptoms are very similar to a cold, but a week or two later, a violent cough develops."If you've ever seen a child with pertussis, you won't forget it" - - that's how the American Academy of Pediatrics explains what whooping cough is on its website.
The academy says a child with the disease coughs so hard and so often "until the air is gone from his/her lungs and he/she is forced to inhale with the loud 'whooping' sound that gives the disease its nickname."The cough can last for weeks and children can cough so hard and rapidly,that blood vessels can burst and they have difficulty eating, drinking and breathing. According to the CDC, "about 1 in 5 infants with pertussis get pneumonia, and about 1 in 1. In rare cases (1 in 1. Listen to what whooping cough sounds like.
Parents and doctors can often miss the initial symptoms of pertussis in the youngest patients because they often do not have the characteristic cough with a "whoop" says Patti. According to the National Institutes of Health, "the whoop noise is rare in patients under 6 months and in adults."That's why parents need to be alert to symptoms in themselves as well as their children, says Patti. If there's a prolonged pause in breathing or they have trouble breathing, that's an important sign and parents should seek medical attention immediately, she explains."It's important to go to the doctor early on," says Patti because, "antibiotics don't help you later."Adults usually don't have the "whoop" cough, so they may not think they have pertussis. Patti recommends if someone has a cough that doesn't go away, they should get tested for pertussis.
Sicilia points out that the pertussis vaccine isn't perfect and its protection wanes after about five years. Health officials are urging everyone who hasn't had a pertussis vaccine in the past five years or - - doesn't remember if they had one - - to get the shot.
Mystery cough? 8 possible culprits(Health. You've been coughing for weeks. Dating Site In Dubai.
How do you know if it's just a hard- to- shake cold or something more serious? Coughing is one of the five most common reasons for a doctor's visit. A chronic cough, defined as lasting more than eight weeks, is not uncommon.
Up to 4. 0 percent of nonsmokers in the United States and Europe have reported a chronic cough at some point, and coughing is one of the five most common reasons for a doctor's visit. Only a doctor can tell for sure what's behind your endless hacking. However, in a 2. 00.
GERD). In addition, another 1. COPD), a serious, progressive disease that includes both emphysema and bronchitis. While not all people who develop COPD are smokers, people who smoke are at higher risk. Overall, 2. 4 million Americans - - about 1 in 1. COPD, although half don't know they have the disease. Asthma and allergies Asthma is a chronic lung disease in which the airways in the lungs are prone to inflammation and swelling.
Along with chest tightness, shortness of breath, and wheezing, coughing is a characteristic symptom of asthma, one which tends to intensify at night or in the early morning. When the symptoms of asthma flare up suddenly, it's known as an asthma attack. Although it can begin at any age, asthma usually develops in childhood. Asthma triggers are different for everyone, and they can include exercise, colds, cigarette smoke and other airborne irritants, and certain foods.
Asthmatics usually also have allergies. Mo Medicaid Application For Adults. Even in people without asthma, inhaling pollen, dust, pet dander, and other airborne irritants can trigger allergic rhinitis, an allergic reaction that can cause coughing, along with symptoms such as stuffy nose and sneezing. You may be able to determine whether your cough is caused by allergies by keeping track of whether it comes and goes in certain situations. If your coughing magically stops when you step into an air- conditioned room on a dry, pollen- heavy day, or if gets worse every time you pet Mittens, you probably have allergies. If you're not sure what's triggering your allergic cough, your doctor can give you a skin test or blood test to pinpoint the allergy. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease One condition that can cause a nagging cough is COPD, a lung condition that includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD occurs when the airways and air sacs in the lungs become inflamed or damaged, most often due to smoking, and is more common after age 4.
In COPD, the lungs produce excess mucus, which the body reflexively tries to clear by coughing. COPD- related tissue damage can also make it particularly difficult to expel air from the lungs, which can make you feel short of breath.
Health. com: Young and short of breath: Could it be COPD? Your doctor may check you for COPD (particularly if you have risk factors, such as smoking), after ruling out other common causes of cough. To determine if you have COPD, your doctor is likely to conduct some tests, including spirometry, which involves inhaling as deeply as you can and then exhaling into a tube. Gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD is an ailment of the stomach and esophagus that occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus due to a weak valve. The main symptoms? Killer heartburn.
But coughing is another common symptom of GERD, along with chest pain and wheezing. In fact, GERD is a fairly common, and unrecognized, cause of a chronic cough. Health. com: 7 surprising heartburn triggers. Respiratory tract infection Coughing is one of the most common symptoms of colds and flu and other respiratory tract infections. The other symptoms that accompany colds and flu, such as stuffy nose and a fever, are telltale signs that a viral infection is causing your cough. However, a cough can outlast all those other symptoms, perhaps because the air passages in your lungs remain sensitive and inflamed.
When this occurs, it's called chronic upper airway cough syndrome (or postnasal drip). A more serious respiratory tract infection is pneumonia, which can be caused by bacteria or viruses. A cough, often producing a greenish or rust- colored mucus, is one of the characteristic symptoms of the illness, along with fever, chills, chest pain, weakness, fatigue, and nausea. These symptoms may present differently depending on your age; older adults may not experience a fever, for instance, or they may have a cough but no mucus.
Pneumonia is treated with antibiotics and generally clears up within two or three weeks. As with the cold and flu, however, the cough can linger for much longer.
A form of pneumonia known as mycoplasma, or walking pneumonia, shares the symptoms of pneumonia (including cough) and is more common in people under the age of 4. People who have COPD can be more susceptible to such respiratory tract infections, and may experience exacerbations episodes of potentially life- threatening shortness of breath when they catch a cold or breath in air pollution or other irritants.