Insomnia - symptoms, causes, and treatments. Most people have at least occasionally had trouble falling or staying asleep. But for some people, insomnia can be ongoing and affect all areas of their life including their physical health, emotional wellbeing and relationships. Insomnia refers to trouble falling or staying asleep. It can affect someone for a short time, such as a few nights or weeks.
Nocturnal enuresis, also called bedwetting, is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control usually occurs. Bedwetting in children and. While bedwetting can be a symptom of an underlying disease, the large majority of children who wet the bed have no underlying illness. In fact, a true organic cause. Web site for those who suffer from bed wetting and or day time wetting as well as adult babies and diaper lovers. This site is to the best of our knowledge the most. FAQ’s About Insomnia. How is insomnia diagnosed? Insomnia can be diagnosed by your symptoms. The cause of insomnia is a little trickier to determine immediately.
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In other cases, insomnia is chronic and can last for months or years. Types of Insomnia There are a couple of main types of insomnia including primary and secondary. Insomnia is considered primary when it is not caused by or associated with a medical condition, psychiatric problem or medication. Secondary insomnia, on the other hand, is due to a medical condition, such as COPD or chronic pain, that is interfering with sleep. Causes of Insomnia In some instances, the cause of insomnia cannot always be easily identified. But in other cases, it might be apparent what is causing problems falling or staying asleep.
Below are a few common causes of insomnia. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can interfere with getting proper shuteye. For example, COPD, GERD and congestive heart failure can all make it difficult to fall asleep.
But physical conditions are not the only culprit when it comes to insomnia. Psychological and emotional issues, such as stress, anxiety and depression, can leave you tossing and turning. Medications: Side effects from certain medications can also make falling asleep difficult.
SSRI antidepressants, ACE inhibitors and beta blockers may cause insomnia in some people. Medications for emphysema, blood pressure and allergies can also sometimes lead to insomnia. It’s also important to understand that people respond differently to medications. Even a drug that should not cause sleep disturbances may do just that in some people. Disruption in circadian rhythm: We all have a natural sleep- wake rhythm.
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For most people, their circadian rhythm involves sleeping at night and being awake during the day. When this rhythm gets disrupted, it can cause insomnia. Working overnight shifts and traveling across time zones are two factors that can alter your circadian rhythm. Environmental Factors: Sometimes our environment makes it difficult to fall asleep. Most people sleep best in a cool, dark and quiet environment. When your bedroom is not conducive to sleep, it can leave you wide awake or cause you to wake several times a night.
Risk factors for developing insomnia. Insomnia can affect anyone at any time in their life. But certain factors may increase your risk. For example, women are more likely than men to develop insomnia.
According to the Mayo Clinic, people over the age of 6. Having an irregular sleep schedule is also a risk factor for insomnia.
For instance, if you go to bed at all different times or work different shifts, which disrupts your regular sleep hours, it can increase your chance of insomnia. Symptoms of Insomnia Symptoms of insomnia often include: Daytime sleepiness.
Irritability. Problems concentrating. Fatigue. Forgetfulness. Who Is Charles Simonyi Dating.
The severity of symptoms may also vary. Insomnia can have an accumulative effect, which means the longer it goes on, the more severe symptoms may be.
For instance, not getting a good night’s rest may leave you a little tired the next day. But if you don’t sleep well for a week or a month, you might feel the effects of sleep deprivation more severely. Treatments for Insomnia.
The treatment for insomnia may depend on the cause. For example, treating an underlying medical condition may also cure insomnia. Also, if a certain medication is to blame, switching to a different drug may help.
In other cases, over the counter or prescription medication may help treat insomnia, especially in the short- term. Cognitive behavior therapy can also help some people overcome insomnia by decreasing anxiety and targeting the thoughts that cause poor sleep.
Self- Help Strategies for Treating Insomnia. In certain instances, self- help strategies may be all it takes to treat insomnia. Consider the following: Keep a sleep journal: Consider recording your sleep patterns for a couple of weeks. Keeping a sleep diary can help you identify things that may be interfering with your sleep and make the needed changes. Stick to a regular bedtime: Sticking to the same bedtime and waking the same time each day may help you get into a routine and improve your sleep. Avoid caffeine several hours before bed.
Caffeine is often a sleep stealer. Caffeine can stay in your system for several hours. Your best bet is to limit caffeine about four or five hours before bedtime. Put away your cellphone, laptop and tablet: Your tech habits at bedtime may be preventing you from falling asleep. The light from your tech gadgets tricks your brain into thinking it’s daytime, so the production of melatonin is decreased. Less melatonin may make falling asleep more difficult.
Consider making your bedroom a tech- free zone.
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Bed- Wetting in Young Adults- English. BED- WETTING IN YOUNG ADULTSIS BED- WETTING A PROBLEM IN YOUNG ADULTS? About two out of every 1.
It can be a problem for both young men and women, with most young adults who wet the bed having done so since they were a child. While some may have had help as a child, many young people may never have had help with this problem. They may think bed- wetting will get better with time, or that it can’t be helped. Some young people with night- time wetting may also have day- time bladder problems, such as passing urine more often and more urgently than normal, and urine leaks as they hurry to the toilet (also called overactive bladder). Bed- wetting can make everyday life more difficult. Young adults may be embarrassed by this problem, and they may fear that people will find out. They can also have the expense and workload of extra washing.
It can be tricky to stay away from home overnight or to share a bed or room with someone else. A big worry is what bed- wetting can mean for close personal relationships. IS HELP AVAILABLE FOR BED- WETTING? The good news is that you CAN get help. With careful review and treatment, bed- wetting can often be cured, even if past treatment did not help. Even when it can’t be cured, you can reduce symptoms and keep bedding dry. WHAT CAUSES BED- WETTING IN YOUNG ADULTS?
Wetting the bed is caused by a mix of three things. In some young adults there is likely to also be some change in bladder function that stops normal filling and emptying of urine through the day.
Worldwide research means that we now know more about the causes of bed- wetting, such as: bed- wetting can run in some families; some bladders can’t hold very much urine through the day and this can cause problems at night; some bladders do not fully empty on the toilet, which means urine stays in the bladder; some kidneys make larger amounts of urine than normal through the night; andtaking in a lot of salt or calcium from foods and drink can change kidney function. CAN THERE BE OTHER REASONS FOR BED- WETTING?
Some other things can make it hard to control bed- wetting, such as: constipation; infection in the kidney or bladder; > not drinking enough water; drinking too many drinks with caffeine and/or alcohol; the use of some medications and illegal drugs; andallergies or enlarged adenoids and tonsils which block the nose or upper airways at night. HOW CAN BED- WETTING BE HELPED? Research has led to new types of treatment. Since bed- wetting in young adults can be more complex than in children, you must talk to a health professional with special training in bladder problems, such as a doctor, physiotherapist or continence nurse advisor. When you see this health professional, the problem will be reviewed and a physical check and some tests will be done. One test may check your urine flow (by passing urine in private into a toilet). Another test can check if your bladder empties right out.
You may also be asked to do a bladder diary at home. Treatment will depend on what was found in the check, but could be: treatment of constipation and bladder infection; drugs or sprays to boost how much your bladder can hold, or to cut down how much urine is made through the night; training to control how well the bladder stores and empties urine; use of an alarm that goes off when the bed becomes wet. This can be useful for young adults as well as children but may not be the first thing tried; a mix of some of the above treatments; anduse of continence products to protect bedding and skin, reduce odour and increase comfort while treatment is underway.
Treatment can take a few months to work. If you only take the drugs or use the alarm now and then, it may not work at all.
Some of the things that can increase the chance of becoming dry are: wanting to improve; having your treatment supervised; andputting in a big effort to make changes where you have been asked to. When bed- wetting does not get better, it isn’t your fault. Team Building Activities For Adults Nyc. In this case, you should see a specialist doctor who will do a more thorough review.
SEEK HELPLife can change for the better for young people with bed- wetting, so now is the time to seek help. Call Expert Advisors on the National Continence Helpline for free: information; advice; andleaflets. On FREE CALL* 1. 80. Monday to Friday), or.
Visit this website: www. The Helpline can arrange for an interpreter through the Telephone Interpreter Service (TIS).
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Bedwetting Causes, Treatment Medications, Home Remedies. Bedwetting. What Is Bedwetting? Bedwetting, or nocturnal enuresis, refers to the unintentional passage of urine during sleep. Enuresis is the medical term for wetting, whether in the clothing during the day or in bed at night.
Another name for enuresis is urinary incontinence. For infants and young children, urination is involuntary. Wetting is normal for them. Most children achieve some degree of bladder control by 4 years of age. Daytime control is usually achieved first, while nighttime control comes later.
The age at which bladder control is expected varies considerably. Some parents expect dryness at a very early age, while others not until much later. Such a time line may reflect the culture and attitudes of the parents and caregivers. Factors that affect the age at which wetting is considered a problem include the following: The child's gender: Bedwetting is more common in boys. The child's development and maturity. The child's overall physical and emotional health.
Chronic illness and/or emotional and physical abuse may predispose to bedwetting. Bedwetting is a very common problem. Parents must realize that enuresis is involuntary. The child who wets the bed needs parental support and reassurance.
Bedwetting is a treatable condition. While children with this embarrassing problem and their parents once had few choices except waiting to "grow out of it," there are now treatments that work for many children. Several devices, treatments, and techniques have been developed to help these children stay dry at night. What Causes Bedwetting? While bedwetting can be a symptom of an underlying disease, the large majority of children who wet the bed have no underlying illness.
In fact, a true organic cause is identified in only a small percentage of children who wet the bed. However, this does not mean that the child who wets the bed can control it or is doing it on purpose. Children who wet the bed are not lazy, willful, or disobedient. There are two types of bedwetting: primary and secondary. Primary bedwetting refers to bedwetting that has been ongoing since early childhood without a break.
A child with primary bedwetting has never been dry at night for any significant length of time. Secondary bedwetting is bedwetting that starts again after the child has been dry at night for a significant period of time (at least six months). In general, primary bedwetting probably indicates immaturity of the nervous system. A bedwetting child does not recognize the sensation of the full bladder during sleep and thus does not awaken during sleep to urinate into the toilet. The cause is likely due to one or a combination of the following: The child cannot yet hold urine for the entire night. The child does not waken when his or her bladder is full. Some children may have a smaller bladder volume than their peers.
The child produces a large amount of urine during the evening and night hours. The child has poor daytime toilet habits.
Many children habitually ignore the urge to urinate and put off urinating as long as they possibly can. Parents are familiar with the "potty dance" characterized by leg crossing, face straining, squirming, squatting, and groin holding that children use to hold back urine.
Secondary bedwetting can be a sign of an underlying medical or emotional problem. The child with secondary bedwetting is much more likely to have other symptoms, such as daytime wetting.
Common causes of secondary bedwetting include the following: Urinary tract infection: The resulting bladder irritation can cause lower abdominal pain or irritation with urination (dysuria), a stronger urge to urinate (urgency), and frequent urination (frequency). Urinary tract infection in children may in turn indicate another problem, such as an anatomical abnormality. Diabetes: People with type I diabetes have a high level of sugar (glucose) in their blood. The body increases urine output as a consequence of excessive blood glucose levels.
Having to urinate frequently is a common symptom of diabetes. Structural or anatomical abnormality: An abnormality in the organs, muscles, or nerves involved in urination can cause incontinence or other urinary problems that could show up as bedwetting. Neurological problems: Abnormalities in the nervous system, or injury or disease of the nervous system, can upset the delicate neurological balance that controls urination.
Emotional problems: A stressful home life, as in a home where the parents are in conflict, sometimes causes children to wet the bed. Major changes, such as starting school, a new baby, or moving to a new home, are other stresses that can also cause bedwetting. Children who are being physically or sexually abused sometimes begin bedwetting. Sleep patterns: Obstructive sleep apnea (characterized by excessively loud snoring and/or choking while asleep) can be associated with enuresis. Pinworm infection: characterized by intense itching of the anal and/or genital area.