Facts About Type 2: American Diabetes Association®Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it.
But, over time your pancreas isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose levels normal. Type 2 is treated with lifestyle changes, oral medications (pills), and insulin. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: Right away, your cells may be starved for energy.
Over time, high blood glucose levels may hurt your eyes, kidneys, nerves or heart. Some people with type 2 can control their blood glucose with healthy eating and being active.
- Type 2 diabetes — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, prevention of this often weight-related condition.
- Diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, and Type 2 diabetes is the most common form.
- Don't fall for the toxic myth that you caused your diabetes by reckless overeating. While people with Type 2 diabetes often are seriously overweight, there is.
JDRF leads the global type 1 diabetes research effort to keep people healthy and safe until we find a cure for the disease. Help create a world without T1D. In type 2 diabetes your body isn’t able to effectively use insulin to bring glucose into your cells. This causes your body to rely on alternative energy sources in. Learn more about Type 2 Diabetes with a comprehensive look at causes, prevention, symptoms, management and treatment at Health.com.
But, your doctor may need to also prescribe oral medications or insulin to help you meet your target blood glucose levels. Type 2 usually gets worse over time – even if you don’t need medications at first, you may need to later on. Some groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others. Type 2 diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population. Patient Education Materials — Taking Care of Type 2 Diabetes. This two- page introduction to type 2 diabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients. You can also download the Spanish version.
Last Reviewed: August 1, 2. Last Edited: October 2.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disorder that disrupts the way your body uses glucose (sugar).All the cells in your body need sugar to work normally. Sugar gets into. WebMD offers a pictorial overview of the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes Signs, Symptoms and Treatment. What is type 2 diabetes? What is type 2 diabetes?
Dr Parta Kar. Type 2 diabetes tends to develop gradually (over weeks or months). This is because in type 2 diabetes you still make insulin (unlike in type 1 diabetes). However, you develop diabetes because: You do not make enough insulin for your body's needs; or. The cells in your body do not use insulin properly.
This is called insulin resistance. The cells in your body become resistant to normal levels of insulin. This means that you need more insulin than you normally make to keep the blood sugar (glucose) level down; or. A combination of the above two reasons. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes. Who develops type 2 diabetes? Type 2 diabetes develops mainly in people older than the age of 4.
In England, about 1 in 1. Type 2 diabetes is now becoming more common in children and in young people. The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in the UK, as it is more common in people who are overweight or obese. It also tends to run in families. It is around five times more common in South Asian and African- Caribbean people (often developing before the age of 4.
It is estimated that there are around 9. England with type 2 diabetes who have not yet been diagnosed with the condition. Who is most at risk from type 2 diabetes? Dr Parta Kar. Other risk factors for type 2 diabetes include: Having a first- degree relative with type 2 diabetes.
A first- degree relative is a parent, brother, sister, or child.)Being overweight or obese. Having a waist measuring more than 3.
Having pre- diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance). Impaired glucose tolerance means that your blood sugar (glucose) levels are higher than normal but not high enough to have diabetes. People with impaired glucose tolerance have a high risk of developing diabetes and so impaired glucose tolerance is often called pre- diabetes. Having diabetes or pre- diabetes when you were pregnant. What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes? How do you know if you have type 2 diabetes?
Dr Parta Kar. As already mentioned, type 2 diabetes symptoms often come on gradually and can be quite vague at first. Many people have diabetes for a long period of time before their diagnosis is made. The most common symptoms are: Being thirsty a lot of the time. Cat Costume Ideas For Adults.
Passing large amounts of urine. Moxie Dating Tips. Tiredness. Weight loss. The reason why you make a lot of urine and become thirsty is because blood sugar (glucose) leaks into your urine, which pulls out extra water through the kidneys.
As the symptoms may develop gradually, you can become used to being thirsty and tired and you may not recognise that you are ill for some time. Some people also develop blurred vision and frequent infections, such as recurring thrush.
However, some people with type 2 diabetes do not have any symptoms if the glucose level is not too high. But, even if you do not have symptoms, you should still have treatment to reduce the risk of developing complications. How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed? How do you get tested for type 2 diabetes? Dr Sarah Jarvis, GP and Clinical Director of patient. A simple dipstick test may detect sugar (glucose) in a sample of urine.
However, this is not sufficient to make a definite diagnosis of diabetes. Therefore, a blood test is needed to make the diagnosis.
The blood test detects the level of glucose in your blood. If the glucose level is high then it will confirm that you have diabetes. Some people have to have two samples of blood taken and may be asked to fast. Fasting means having nothing to eat or drink, other than water, from midnight before the blood test is performed.)It is now recommended that the blood test for Hb. A1c can also be used as a test to diagnose type 2 diabetes. An Hb. A1c value of 4.
In many cases type 2 diabetes is diagnosed during a routine medical or when tests are done for an unrelated medical condition. What are the possible complications of diabetes? Short- term complication - a very high glucose level. This is not common with type 2 diabetes. It is more common in untreated type 1 diabetes when a very high level of blood sugar (glucose) can develop quickly.
However, a very high glucose level develops in some people with untreated type 2 diabetes. A very high blood level of glucose can cause lack of fluid in the body (dehydration), drowsiness and serious illness which can be life- threatening. Long- term complications. If your blood glucose level is higher than normal over a long period of time, it can gradually damage your blood vessels.
This can occur even if the glucose level is not very high above the normal level. This may lead to some of the following complications (often years after you first develop diabetes): The type and severity of long- term complications vary from case to case.
You may not develop any at all. In general, the nearer your blood glucose level is to normal, the less your risk of developing complications.
Symptoms, Signs, Diet, Treatment & Causes. It's a myth that simply eating too much sugar causes diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is genetic, and it is unknown what triggers the disease, while type 2 diabetes is a combination of genetics and lifestyle. Where sugar enters the equation is that being overweight is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, and a diet high in calories and sugar can contribute to weight gain. Research has shown that drinking sugary drinks is linked to developing type 2 diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association recommends avoiding sugar- sweetened beverages including regular soda, fruit punch, fruit drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks, sweet tea, and other sugary drinks, to help prevent diabetes. Sugary drinks such as these raise blood sugar (glucose) and can contain several hundred calories per serving!