Skin rashes in children. NHS. UKChildhood rashes are common and aren't usually a cause for concern. Most rashes are harmless and disappear without the need for treatment. However, see your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell, or if you're worried. They'll be able to investigate the cause and recommend any necessary treatment.
Find out if skin rashes are contagious, discover how rashes spread, and learn when to seek medical care for a rash. Learn about viral rashes, bacterial rashes. When it comes to your baby's skin, you can depend on one thing: It's bound to erupt into a rash during the first year. Why? The human skin acts as a protective.
This page may give you a better idea about what could be causing the rash, but don't use this to self- diagnose your child's condition – always see a GP for a proper diagnosis. The most common causes of rashes in children are: cellulitischickenpoxeczemaerythema multiformehand, foot and mouth diseaseimpetigokeratosis pilaris ("chicken skin")measlesmolluscum contagiosumpityriasis roseaprickly heatpsoriasisringwormscabiesscarlet feverslapped cheek syndromeurticaria (hives) The skin rash of meningitis is also covered on the page. Although meningitis has become less common over recent years, it's important to be aware of the rash and the other signs and symptoms of meningitis. The causes of skin rashes in babies have a separate page. Cellulitis. Credit: DR P.
MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYCellulitis is an infection of the deeper layers of skin and underlying tissue. The affected area will be red, painful, swollen and hot. It often affects the legs, but can occur anywhere on the body. Your child will probably also have a fever. See your GP immediately if an area of your child's skin suddenly turns red, hot and tender. If you can't see your GP on the same day, go to a walk- in centre or minor injuries unit. Cellulitis can usually be diagnosed by assessing the symptoms and examining the skin.
It usually responds well to treatment with antibiotics. Chickenpox. Credit: Alamy Stock Photo. Chickenpox is a viral illness that most children catch at some point. It most commonly affects children under 1.
A rash of itchy spots turns into fluid- filled blisters. They crust over to form scabs, which after a while drop off. Some children only have a few spots, whereas others have them over their entire body. The spots are most likely to appear on the face, ears and scalp, under the arms, on the chest and belly, and on the arms and legs. There's no specific treatment for chickenpox, but you can take steps to relieve the symptoms. For example, paracetamol can help relieve fever (don't give aspirin to children under 1. Read more about treating chickenpox.
It's normal for babies to develop rashes from as early as a few days old, as their sensitive skin adapts to a different environment. Most rashes are harmless and go. Read about skin rashes in children. Rash types may be bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic and can be mild or life-threatening. Learn about signs, symptoms. Some conditions that cause skin rashes are very contagious. Learn about some of the contagious skin rashes that affect adults and children. Skin~Check out the list from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to see how you can help prevent, identify, and soothe these common summertime skin rashes. Eczema. Eczema is a blanket term for several non-contagious conditions that cause inflamed, red, dry, and itchy skin. Doctors aren't sure what makes eczema start in. Learn more about skin diseases and disorders, types of psoriasis, eczema, skin fungus, acne and Tea Tree Oil. Can Adults Eat Cerelac there.
Eczema. Credit: Joseph Gaul / Alamy Stock Photo. Eczema is a long- term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. The most common type is atopic eczema, which mainly affects children but can continue into adulthood. Atopic eczema commonly develops behind the knees or on the elbows, neck, eyes and ears. It isn't a serious condition, but if your child later becomes infected with the herpes simplex virus, it can cause the eczema to flare up into an outbreak of tiny blisters called eczema herpeticum, and will cause a fever. About one in five children in the UK has eczema, and in 8 out 1.
Read about treating atopic eczema. Erythema multiforme. Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYErythema multiforme is a skin rash (usually mild) that's caused by an allergic reaction to the herpes simplex virus. The spots look like targets, with a dark red centre and paler ring around the outside. The hands or feet tend to be affected first, followed by the limbs, upper body and face. Your child will probably feel unwell and may have a fever, which you should be able to treat with over- the- counter medicine.
It may take from two to six weeks before they feel better. See your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell. In rare cases, erythema multiforme can be triggered by a reaction to certain medications, such as an antibiotic or anticonvulsant.
This more severe form is called Stevens- Johnson syndrome and it can be life- threatening. Credit: DR P. MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYHand, foot and mouth disease is a common infection that causes mouth ulcers and spots on the hands and feet. It's most common in young children (particularly those under 1. There's no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease, so you have to let it run its course. Your child's immune system will fight the virus and it should clear up within 7 to 1. Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
If eating and swallowing is uncomfortable, give them soft foods, such as mashed potatoes, yoghurt and soup. Children don't need to stay off school or nursery if they have hand, foot and mouth disease. Impetigo. Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYBullous impetigo rash. Credit: BIOPHOTO ASSOCIATES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYNon- bullous impetigo rash.
Impetigo is a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters. It isn't usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment. There are two types of impetigo – bullous and non- bullous.
Skin rashes in babies. NHS. UKIt's normal for babies to develop rashes from as early as a few days old, as their sensitive skin adapts to a different environment. Most rashes are harmless and go away on their own. But if your baby has developed a rash and seems unwell or you're worried, see your GP to find out the cause and receive any necessary treatment. It's especially important to be aware of the symptoms of meningitis. This guide may give you a better idea of the cause of the rash, but don't use it to diagnose your baby's condition.
Always see a GP for a proper diagnosis. It also describes the warning signs of meningitis and explains what to do if you're worried about your baby.
The causes of rashes in older children are covered separately. Baby acne (neonatal acne)Credit: sframephoto / Thinkstock. Pimples sometimes develop on a baby's cheeks, nose and forehead within a month of their birth. These tend to get worse before clearing up completely after a few weeks or months.
Washing your baby's face with water and a mild moisturiser can improve the appearance of their skin. Avoid acne medicines intended for older children and adults. Pimples or blackheads that develop after 3 months of age (infantile acne) tend to be more severe and often need medical treatment. Cradle cap. Credit: Angela Hampton Picture Library / Alamy Stock Photo. Cradle cap is where yellowish, greasy scaly patches develop on a baby's scalp. Occasionally, the face, ears and neck are also affected. Cradle cap isn't itchy and shouldn't bother your baby.
If your baby is scratching or upset, they may have eczema. Cradle cap is a common condition that tends to develop within 2 or 3 months of birth. It usually gets better without treatment in a few weeks or months. Gently washing your baby's hair and scalp with baby shampoo may help prevent further patches developing.
Read more about treating cradle cap. Eczema. Credit: Radist / Thinkstock. Eczema is a long- term condition that causes the skin to become itchy, red, dry and cracked. The most common form is atopic eczema, which mainly affects babies and children but can continue into adulthood.
Eczema in babies under 6 months is sometimes associated with allergies to milk and egg. Atopic eczema often starts in young babies as a red, itchy rash on the face, scalp and body. As the child gets older, it usually starts to develop in areas with folds of skin, such as behind the knees or on the front of the elbows. Creams and ointments can often relieve the symptoms. Read more about managing your baby's eczema. Erythema toxicum. Half of all newborns develop a blotchy red skin reaction called erythema toxicum, usually at 2 or 3 days old.
It's a normal newborn rash that won't bother your baby, and clears after a few days. Credit: Scott Camazine / Alamy Stock Photo. Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common viral illness that causes a blistery rash on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, as well as ulcers in the mouth. Your baby may also feel unwell and have a fever.
Treatment isn't usually needed as the baby's immune system clears the virus, and symptoms go away after about 7 to 1. If you're worried, see your GP. Hives (urticaria)Credit: DR P. MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYHives (also known as urticaria) is a raised, red itchy rash that appears on the skin. It happens when a trigger (such as a food that your baby is allergic to) causes a substance called histamine to be released into their skin. If your baby gets urticaria during feeding, the condition may be triggered by something they've had to eat or drink. The most common foods are egg and milk, but many other foods can sometimes be the cause.
The urticaria rash is usually short- lived and can be controlled with antihistamines. Read more about treating hives.
If your baby gets hives repeatedly, it's important to see your GP to discuss possible allergies. Impetigo. Credit: DR P. MARAZZI/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYImpetigo is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the surface layers of the skin that causes sores and blisters. It's not usually serious, but you can visit your GP for a prescription of antibiotics, which should clear the infection within 7 to 1.
Read more about treating impetigo. Milia. Credit: katrinaelena / Thinkstock. About half of all newborns develop tiny (1- 2mm) white spots called milia on their face. Inuyasha Dating Story With Different Endings more.
These are just blocked pores and usually clear within the first 4 weeks of life. Nappy rash. Credit: SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARYNappy rash occurs when the skin around the baby's nappy area becomes irritated. This is often caused by prolonged exposure to wee or poo, but can sometimes be the result of a fungal infection or rare skin condition. You can usually reduce nappy rash by taking simple steps to keep your baby's skin clean and dry, and using a barrier cream if needed.
Antifungal cream may be necessary if the rash is caused by a fungal infection. Read more about nappies and nappy rash. Ringworm. Credit: Robert Read / Alamy Stock Photo.