Appearance: Explosive, watery, sometimes contains mucous or blood; Other symptoms: Possibly vomiting and/or fever; 3) Stomach Flu. Stomach flu is caused by different. Diarrhoea causes dehydration, which kills approximately 2.2 million children every year. Diarrhoea is also a major cause of child malnutrition. Diarrhoea can be. Overview. Acute diarrhea is one of the most commonly reported illnesses in the United States, second only to respiratory infections. Worldwide, it is a leading cause. · Clostridium difficile colitis results from a disturbance of the normal bacterial flora of the colon, colonization by C difficile, and the release of toxins. Diarrhoea is when your bowel movements become loose or watery. Find out the common causes, how to help, serious symptoms, signs of dehydration, and when to see the.
Chronic diarrhea in adults. INTRODUCTIONChronic diarrhea is defined as loose stools that last for at least four weeks.
What is constipation? Click here to understand just what is constipation, its signs, symptoms, and common causes, and which treatments can help. Diarrhoea is where you frequently pass watery or loose poo. Some people may also have other symptoms, depending on the cause. For adults, diarrhoea is a concern if you are also noticing blood in your stool, your stool is black or tarry, you are vomiting persistently, you have lost a lot of. Gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is the name for an infection in the bowel causing diarrhoea (loose, watery poo). It can affect all age groups but is more common and.
This usually means three or more loose stools per day. There are many possible causes of chronic diarrhea. Treatment is aimed at correcting the cause of diarrhea (whenever possible), firming up loose stools, and dealing with any complications of diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea can have a substantial impact on your quality of life and overall health. At its mildest, diarrhea is an inconvenience; at its worst, it may be disabling and even life threatening. Fortunately, effective treatments are available. This article will focus on causes of chronic diarrhea in developed countries, such as the United States.
More detailed information about chronic diarrhea in developed countries is available by subscription. See "Approach to the adult with chronic diarrhea in resource- rich settings".)CHRONIC DIARRHEA CAUSESA wide range of problems can cause chronic diarrhea; some of the most common causes include irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis), malabsorption syndromes in which food cannot be digested and absorbed, and chronic infections. There are also many other less common causes of chronic diarrhea. Irritable bowel syndrome — Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common causes of chronic diarrhea. IBS can cause crampy abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation, or both). IBS can develop after having an infection.
See "Patient education: Irritable bowel syndrome (Beyond the Basics)".)Inflammatory bowel disease — There are several types of inflammatory bowel disease, two of the most common of which are Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. These conditions may develop when the body's immune system attacks parts of the digestive tract. See "Patient education: Crohn disease (Beyond the Basics)" and "Patient education: Ulcerative colitis (Beyond the Basics)".)Infections — Intestinal infections are a cause of chronic diarrhea. Infections that cause chronic diarrhea can be seen in people who travel or live in tropical or developing countries. Intestinal infections can also develop after eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water or unpasteurized ("raw") milk. See "Patient education: Food poisoning (foodborne illness) (Beyond the Basics)".)Endocrine disorders — An overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can cause chronic diarrhea and weight loss.
Diabetes can cause chronic diarrhea if the nerves that supply the digestive tract are injured. Food allergy or sensitivity — Food allergies and hypersensitivity can cause chronic diarrhea. People with celiac disease are sensitive to gluten, a major component of wheat flour which can cause diarrhea and weight loss. Patients with lactose intolerance develop diarrhea and gas when they ingest milk. See "Patient education: Celiac disease in adults (Beyond the Basics)".)Medicines — Medicines (prescription and nonprescription), herbs, and dietary supplements can cause diarrhea as a side effect. To determine if a medicine could be the cause of your diarrhea, review your list of medicines with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist. This information may also be available on the medicine bottle or paperwork that comes with most prescriptions.
CHRONIC DIARRHEA EVALUATIONYou should seek medical attention if you have loose or watery stools that last more than three or four weeks. You may need to be seen sooner than this if you have complications of diarrhea (eg, bloody diarrhea, fever, dehydration, or weight loss) or abdominal pain that interferes with your activities or prevents eating. During your visit, it is important to mention when your diarrhea began, any recent changes in medicines or medical problems, and if you have had accidents (leaking or smearing of stool in the underwear).
Also, provide your doctor with any information about foreign travel and if you are taking medicines for your diarrhea. Tests — Blood, stool, and urine tests can help to find the underlying cause of diarrhea.
Special breath tests are used to test for lactose intolerance, or bacterial overgrowth of the small bowel. If these tests do not find the cause, other approaches may be needed, including x- rays or procedures, such as colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. Language Schools For Adults. Your primary care provider can order these tests or refer you to a specialist (a gastroenterologist). In many patients with chronic diarrhea, a specific, curable cause cannot be identified.
These patients may have irritable bowel syndrome. See "Patient education: Colonoscopy (Beyond the Basics)" and "Patient education: Flexible sigmoidoscopy (Beyond the Basics)".)In some cases, your doctor or nurse will recommend a trial of treatment before more invasive tests (see 'Treatment trial' below). CHRONIC DIARRHEA TREATMENTTreatment of chronic diarrhea aims to eliminate the underlying cause (if the cause is known), firm up the bowel movements, and treat any diarrhea- related complications.
Possible Causes of Sudden or Chronic Diarrhea. Diarrhea is a common, yet rarely discussed problem. It is a symptom of an underlying condition, which can take some work to identify. There are many possible causes of diarrhea, including infections, food allergies or intolerances, and even medication. Here's a primer on the various causes of diarrhea, both sudden and chronic, the additional symptoms you can expect with it, and possible treatments. Causes of Sudden Diarrhea"Acute diarrhea" starts, well, suddenly, often bringing with it other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, headache, and fever.
The most common cause of diarrhea, especially diarrhea that starts suddenly, is an infection—this can mean an infection from bacteria, virus, or parasite. There are many possible causes of acute diarrhea, but the three most common are: 1) Food Poisoning. Food poisoning occurs when you eat food that is contaminated with bacteria. The bacteria build up toxins in the food that make you sick. Causes of food poisoning are poor sanitation or food being stored at the wrong temperature.
How long diarrhea lasts: Usually less than two days. Triggered by: Toxins in food. Symptoms appear within: two to six hours. Appearance: Explosive, watery. Other symptoms: Abdominal cramps, fever, vomiting, weakness. Traveler’s Diarrhea. Traveler’s diarrhea is caused by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated with bacteria or parasites.
Most traveler’s diarrhea will get better with home care in a few days. If you have recently traveled to a tropical country and you have diarrhea, call your doctor.
How long diarrhea lasts: Usually less than one week. Triggered by: Food or water that is contaminated by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Symptoms appear within: 1. Appearance: Explosive, watery, sometimes contains mucous or blood. Other symptoms: Possibly vomiting and/or fever. Stomach Flu. Stomach flu is caused by different viruses than seasonal flu, such as rotavirus. You can generally care for your stomach flu with home treatment.
Young children, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems are at risk for dehydration, and should be watched closely for signs of more serious complications. How long diarrhea lasts: Usually three to eight days. Triggered by: A virus. Symptoms appear within: two days after exposure. Appearance: Watery.
Other symptoms: Vomiting, fever, achiness. Causes of Chronic Diarrhea. Diarrhea that goes on for weeks or months may be caused by an infection, or it may be caused by an underlying medical condition. Here are some of the possible causes of chronic diarrhea and there are many more. If you have had diarrhea for more than three days, seek help from your doctor. Celiac Disease. If you have untreated celiac disease, you may have a hard time linking your symptoms with a specific food because your gut is damaged and you may experience symptoms all the time. How long diarrhea lasts: More than four weeks.
Triggered by: Gluten, but may hard to pinpoint to a specific meal. Appearance: Large, bad- smelling stools that float in water. Other symptoms: Unintended weight loss, lack of energy, lack of growth in children. Food Allergy. Symptoms of classic Ig- E mediated food allergy begin within minutes to hours of eating a trigger food.
It is possible to be allergic to any food, but a few foods cause the most common food allergies. How long diarrhea lasts: Usually less than 2.
Triggered by: A specific food. Symptoms appear within: two hours.
Appearance: Watery, may contain blood. Other symptoms: Hives; vomiting; swelling of face, tongue or throat; eczema. Food Intolerance. Food intolerance is caused by a lack of the enzymes needed to digest a specific food. Lactose intolerance, the inability to digest the sugars in milk, is the most common. How long diarrhea lasts: More than four weeks.
Triggered by: A specific food. Symptoms appear within: two to 1. Appearance: Watery, sometimes contains mucous. Other symptoms: Gassiness, abdominal cramps or pain.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory bowel disease includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, both of which have chronic diarrhea as a symptom. Both are incurable chronic diseases of the digestive tract that may be treated with surgery or managed with medication. How long diarrhea lasts: More than four weeks.
Triggered by: Not related to a specific food. Appearance: Blood or mucous in stool. Other symptoms: Abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, delayed growth in children. Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) describes chronic diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain that does not have a known disease as a cause. If you have been diagnosed with IBS, discuss the possibility of celiac disease with your doctor. The American College of Gastroenterology recommends that anyone diagnosed with IBS and diarrhea be tested for celiac disease.
How long diarrhea lasts: At least six months. Triggered by: Not related to a specific food, though certain foods may aggravate symptoms. Appearance: Small, frequent stools.