Difference Between Strep Throat and Other Sore Throats. Strep throat is a relatively common infection in children, particularly in the winter months. While most sore throats are caused by viruses, they are often misdiagnosed as strep throat. In fact, up to 7. The problem is that misuse of antibiotics is the primary reason for the development of antibiotic- resistant superbugs.
Accurate diagnosis of strep throat is extremely important for two reasons. An appropriate diagnosis of strep throat is needed to avoid the unnecessary use of antibiotics which can result in the emergence of antibiotic resistance (and the chance that at a later date you will develop an infection for which antibiotics are not effective.) Yet a positive diagnosis and treatment are critical to avoid the possible long- term complications of an untreated strep infection. Knowing how important the distinction is, how can you tell if it's strep or a sore throat due to a virus? What is Strep Throat? Strep throat, also known as “streptococcal pharyngitis,” is a bacterial infection of the inside of the throat. It is caused by the bacterial species Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as Group A strep.
Strep throat is a common affliction among school- age children (ages 5 to 1. Strep, however, can affect anyone from young infants to elderly adults. Strep throat is responsible for only 5 to 1. Common Symptoms of Strep Throat. Symptoms of strep throat may include: Sore throat (A sore throat due to strep is often more severe than those with viral infections, but can be similar to those with mono)White spots on the throat. Red or purple spots on the roof of the mouth (on the palate)Fever - A temperature of 1. F is not uncommon with Strep, especially in younger children.
Headache. Swollen lymph nodes - Tender, enlarged lymph nodes are often present in the "anterior cervical" lymph nodes, in contrast to the swollen posterior cervical nodes seen with mono. Nausea and vomiting. Abdominal pain. Rash. Strep vs Viral Infections—Is it Strep Throat or Just a Cold? One of the primary purposes of seeing your doctor with a sore throat is to distinguish whether the infection is due to strep, or is instead caused by one of several viruses, including those which cause the common cold. A sore throat, in general, is more likely to be due to a viral infection than strep. Symptoms often seen with viruses but not frequent with strep throat include: In contrast, symptoms more likely to be present with strep than a virus include: White discharge on the throat and tonsils (pus)A "strawberry" appearance to the tongue.
A higher fever (a temperature of 1. F or greater)Large, tender, swollen lymph nodes in the neck. It's been found that if four conditions are present, the probability of a strep throat is 5. These include: Fever higher than 9. FPatches of pus in the throat.
The stomach flu (or gastroenteritis) is a condition that typically causes inflammation of the stomach and small intestines. This sickness.
Swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Absence of cough. How Does Strep Throat Differ From Scarlet Fever? Many people wonder about the differences between an ordinary sore throat and scarlet fever. Scarlet fever involves the same bacteria which causes similar symptoms. With scarlet fever, however, the bacteria release a toxin which results in the characteristic rash involving the face and chest. Redness of the face is common, and has been described as having a "slapped cheek" appearance.
The rash consists of small elevated spots which have a sandpaper consistency (a sandpaper rash) usually most pronounced on the chest. Scarlet fever is treated the same as a strep throat. Other Strep Infections. We often think of strep primarily with sore throats, but other infections can be caused by group A strep as well. For example, impetigo is a skin infection caused by strep (as well as some other bacteria) and can also cause complications similar to strep throat. Diagnosis of Strep.
Strep throat is a common throat infection caused by the bacteria referred to as group A streptococcus. This contagious infection is diagnosed most. Is this a sore throat or could it be strep throat? Explore the causes of a sore throat, including strep throat, and learn how to find relief from that raw, scratchy. Hip Pain Info is an educational website designed to help people obtain information about hip anatomy and injuries.
In addition to taking a history and doing a physical exam, your doctor will likely order a strep screen and a throat culture. The strep screen will provide results right away, and can guide your physician to begin treatment if positive. A strep culture can take 4. In some cases, if the diagnosis if uncertain, for example, if a strep screen is negative but clinical signs suggest strep is very likely, a white blood cell count may be done. Looking at the type of white blood cells present in your blood can help your doctor decide whether your infection appears to be bacterial or viral.
Treatments for Strep Throat. Antibiotics prescribed for strep throat most commonly include amoxicillin or penicillin V, but several other options are available as well. To help people cope with the symptoms there are several home remedies for a sore throat that do not fight the infection but can make you more comfortable until the infection subsides. Medications such as Tylenol (acetominophen) or Advil (ibuprofen) can also ease symptoms.
Recurrent Strep Throat. Sometimes strep throat becomes recurrent, yet it's important to treat each infection to prevent complications.
Strep Throat: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment. Kids often come down with sore, scratchy throats. Colds and other viruses are usually to blame. Irritants such as smoke in the air can also make you feel raw.
Strep throat is different - - it’s caused by bacteria. Population Adults In Australia on this page. You need to know whether you or your child has strep or another illness so you can get the right treatment. How Do I Catch It? Strep throat is an infection of the throat and tonsils. Bacteria called group Astreptococcus cause it. They live in the nose and throat. You can get the infection from someone who is sick with strep A bacteria or is a carrier of it.
Like other infections, it spreads through close contact. When people who are sick cough or sneeze, they release droplets into the air that hold the bacteria. You can infect yourself if you touch something a person with strep has coughed or sneezed upon and then brush your eyes, mouth, or nose with your hand. You can also get sick if you share a glass or other personal item with someone who has strep. Strep is most common in children and teens.
Adults can sometimes get it, too. Symptoms. A sore throat is the main sign your child has strep. Colds and other viruses can also cause a sore throat. One way to tell the difference is that a virus will often cause a runny nose, too. With strep, the sore throat comes on quickly. Your throat feels raw, and it hurts to swallow.
Strep is also more likely to cause these other symptoms as well: Call your doctor if you or a child in your care has these symptoms. How Is It Diagnosed? Your doctor will ask about your child's symptoms. The only sure way to tell strep from viruses that cause a sore throat is with a test. There are two kinds: Rapid strep test: It can identify a case in just a few minutes.
The doctor will gently hold down your child's tongue with a depressor. Then, she will use a cotton swab to take a little bit of mucus from the back of the throat. Continued. You'll get the results in 2. If the test is positive, which means strep is there, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat it. If the test is negative, which means the strep bacteria could not be found, the doctor might send the sample to a lab for a follow- up that takes longer. Throat culture: She will rub the sample from the throat swab onto a special dish. If your child has strep throat, streptococci bacteria will grow in it.
It usually takes about 2 days to get results from a throat culture. It can confirm whether your child has strep throat or not. Treatments. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria that cause the infection.
Most treatments last for about 1. The medicine can make your child's symptoms go away faster and help prevent complications. Make sure your child takes all of the doses. Stopping the medicine too early can leave some bacteria alive. These can make your child sick again. Be sure to tell the doctor if your young one is allergic to any types of antibiotics. If the strep test is negative, a virus likely caused the sore throat.
Your child doesn't need antibiotics because these medications don't work on viruses. Self- Care Tips. Try these home treatments to ease symptoms: Gargle with a mixture of a quarter- teaspoon of salt and 8 ounces of warm water.
Take ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) to bring down a fever and ease pain. Don't give aspirin to children or teens. It can cause a rare but dangerous condition called Reye’s syndrome. Suck on a throat lozenge or piece of hard candy. Don't give small pieces of candy to children younger than 4.
Drink warm liquids such as tea and broth. Or, suck on something cold such as an ice pop. Pass on orange juice and other drinks that have a lot of acid. They'll sting. Get lots of rest. How to Keep It From Spreading. Have your child stay home from school or daycare until the fever is gone and he has been on an antibiotic for at least 2. Same for you and the workplace.
Other tips: Don't share cups, dishes, forks, or other personal items with someone who's sick. Ask children to cover their mouths with a tissue or sleeve whenever they cough or sneeze. Have everyone in the house wash their hands or use an alcohol- based hand sanitizer many times daily. Continued. Possible Complications.
Strep complications are rare today, thanks to better diagnosis and treatment. Yet untreated strep can cause serious diseases, such as: Quick treatment with antibiotics can help prevent these problems. Sources. SOURCES: American Academy of Family Physicians: "Strep Throat Diagnosis & Tests."American Academy of Pediatrics: "Choking Prevention."American Association for Clinical Chemistry: "Strep Throat Test."CDC: "Is It Strep Throat?"Cleveland Clinic: "Strep Throat."Nemours Foundation: "Strep Throat."Pub. Med Health: "Strep Throat," "Strep Throat: Treatments."Seattle Children's Hospital: "Strep Throat."© 2. Web. MD, LLC. All rights reserved.
How to Tell if You Have Strep Throat (with Pictures)wiki. How's mission is to help people learn, and we really hope this article helped you. Now you are helping others, just by visiting wiki.
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Strep Throat Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Strep Throat Symptoms. Strep Throat (cont.)Strep Throat Symptoms. In those individuals who develop strep throat, the symptoms usually begin between 1 to 4 days after initially acquiring the infection (incubation period).
The symptoms can range from mild to severe. The sore throat associated with strep throat is usually described as starting rather suddenly, and the tonsils and the back of the throat may appear red and swollen. Swallowing is usually painful, and thus some individuals may have varying degrees of dehydration due to lack of adequate fluid intake.
Often times, however, it can be difficult for healthcare professionals to diagnose strep throat based on symptoms alone, as strep throat and a sore throat due to a viral infection can often have similar overlapping symptoms. However, the presence and absence of certain symptoms can make strep throat more likely. In general, the common signs and symptoms of strep throat include the following: Fever. Sore throat. Red and swollen/inflamed tonsillitis)Swollen and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the upper neck (cervical lymphadenopathy)White patches or spots on the tonsils (tonsillar exudate)Individuals with strep throat can experience other associated signs and symptoms as well, which may include any of the following: Although the presence of runny nose, cough, hoarseness, eye redness, muscle aches, ulcers in the mouth, and diarrhea make a viral infection more likely, the possibility of strep throat must still be considered by the health care professional. As previously mentioned, strep throat is most common between 5 to 1. Consequently, strep throat can sometimes manifest differently depending on the age of the affected individual, and special considerations must therefore be taken into account.
Strep throat in infants: Strep throat in this age group is uncommon. Infants may feed less and appear irritable and fussy. A low- grade fever and nasal discharge may be present as well. Strep throat in children: Children will often complain of sore throat and painful swallowing. They also may eat less and complain of abdominal pain. Strep throat in older children and teenagers: Strep throat in this age group can be extremely uncomfortable, with individuals often complaining of a severe sore throat. The fever can be high and they may be ill- appearing.
Strep throat in adults: Typically adults have milder symptoms and they may complain only of a mild sore throat. However, more severe symptoms are still possible in adults. Occasionally, some people develop bad breath (stinky tonsils) when tonsilloliths (whitish deposits on and in tonsils) develop. These deposits are often dislodged when the patient coughs, but in some individuals food particles get trapped and bacteria attack the food particles and produce the bad odor. Removal of these deposits may be done by a qualified healthcare professional. Last Reviewed 1. 1/1. Patient Comments & Reviews.
The e. Medicine. Health doctors ask about Strep Throat.