Volvulus Causes In Adults

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Volvulus Causes In Adults

Upper Left Abdominal Pain .. Causes and Treament. Are you or your loved one suffering with an upper left abdominal pain? What could be causing pain here and what treatments are there to overcome pain in this part of the abdomen? Upper left abdominal pain is pain occurring in the abdomen, to the left of a line drawn from the left nipple to the level of the umbilicus or belly button.

It is also called left upper abdominal quadrant pain. This part of the abdomen houses the spleen, tail end of the pancreas, part of the large intestines or bowel, part of the stomach, left kidney, left lower ribs and muscles and skin over these structures. The heart sits just above this point too.

Other organs found in this region include the left edge of the liver, upper part of the left ureter, the left adrenal gland, and the tip of the left lung behind. The aorta passes down just on the side of the mid line, and can be found in the upper left abdomen if it becomes distended as in aortic aneurysm. Any problem in these structures or near by ones will cause upper left abdominal pain. Causes of upper left abdominal pain would therefore include: Herpes Zooster or Shingles affecting the skin over the upper left abdomen. Viral infection of the lower left ribs - left coastochondritis or tiez syndrome. Strained muscle over the upper left abdomen.

Injury to the spleen or splenic tumour. Stomach ulcer or tumour. Pancreatitis. Hepatitis or cyst or tumour affecting the left lobe of the liver.

Infection of the left kidney - called pyelonephritis - very common. Left kidney stone - very common too. Left kidney tumour, cyst or disease.

Upper left abdominal pain is pain occurring in the abdomen, to the left of a line drawn from the left nipple to the level of the umbilicus or belly button. A cecal volvulus is the rotation or torsion of a mobile cecum and ascending colon, which causes approximately 1 to 3 percent of all large bowel obstructions. If. Signs and symptoms. Regardless of cause, volvulus causes symptoms by two mechanisms: [citation needed] Bowel obstruction manifested as abdominal distension and.

6 Common Causes of Colitis. The arteries that supply blood to the colon are like any other artery in the body.

Left ureteric stone or tumour - Adrenal gland disease on the left. Left bowel inflammation or tumour.

Infection affecting the lower part of the left lung - lower lobe pneumonia of left lung. Heart problems. Trapped wind.. We shall discuss some of these causes of left upper quadrant abdominal pain briefly here and in more details under their respective section. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Leaking or ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm arises if the large blood vessel called the aorta that carries blood away from the heart become distended along its course in the abdomen and then starts to leak or even ruptures with or without warning. Ordinarily, this causes severe central abdominal pain, which typically spreads to the back.

Patient may collapse suddenly, and become pale, cold and blood pressure drops. On occasions, the pain may be felt more to the left side of the abdomen, thus causing upper left abdominal pain. To find out more about abdominal aortic aneurysm, please read on here Bowel Cancer. Cancer affecting the left side of the bowel could cause upper left abdominal pain, if the part of the colon affected is the beginning of the descending colon called splenic flexture. The symptoms expected would include weight loss, change in bowel habit, tending towards more constipation, poor appetite, and feeling generally weak.

These symptoms may continue over months. Mind you, there are other conditions that would present like this (Crohns disease, ulcerative colitis, chronic constipation, celiac disease, irritable bowel syndrome, to mention a few), and cause upper left abdiominal pain. It is only wise to see your doctor immediately if you are unwell. Food Poisoning. After a meal in a restaurant, depending on the type of bug, left side abdominal pain could start within 1 hour to 4. There would be associated feeling of vomiting or actual vomiting plus or minus fever.

It could be from contamination of food with chemical gents. Please read about this cause of upper left abdominal pain here Gastric volvulus. Gastric volvulus is a condition involving the stomach twisting upon itself. It is a recognized cause of central or upper left abdominal pain. The twist may be a flip over of one side on the other, along the axis of the two ends of the stomach, called organ axial volvulus (more common variant), or may be a flip of the upper part of the stomach on the end of stomach, called mesentero- axial volvulus (less common). A combination of both types may occur in an individual.

Volvulus of the stomach is very rare. It can occur at any age. It is commoner in adults.

Childhood gastric volvulus account for up to 2. Dating Agency Exeter. Please read more about gastric volvulus here.

BR> Henoch- Schönlein- purpura. This is a very rare but possible disease. It affects less than 2. United States. It is a cause of abdominal pain, which could be upper left abdominal pain. Other symptoms associated with this condition include purple spots on the skin, joints and kidney problems. It is usually preceded by the occurrence of cold- like illness weeks before the emergence of the purple rashes.

It is commoner in children, with boys been more affected than girls. Kidney Stones. Stone any where down the kidney or ureters, which are the tubes that drain urine from the kidneys, could cause severe pain. This can cause upper left abdominal pain if the stone is on the upper part of the left ureter.

Intestinal ischemia - Symptoms and causes. Overview. Intestinal ischemia (is- KEE- me- uh) describes a variety of conditions that occur when blood flow to your intestines decreases due to a blockage, usually in an artery. Intestinal ischemia can affect your small intestine, your large intestine (colon) or both. Intestinal ischemia is a serious condition that can cause pain and make it difficult for your intestines to work. In severe cases, loss of blood flow to the intestines can damage intestinal tissue and lead to death. Treatments are available for intestinal ischemia.

To improve the chances of recovery, it's crucial to recognize the early symptoms and get medical help right away. Symptoms. Signs and symptoms of intestinal ischemia can develop suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Advantages In Dating A Older Woman here. The condition presents differently in different people, so no one set of signs and symptoms indicates intestinal ischemia, but there are some generally recognized patterns.

Symptoms of acute intestinal ischemia. Signs and symptoms of acute intestinal ischemia typically include: Sudden abdominal pain that may range from mild to severe. An urgent need to have a bowel movement.

Frequent, forceful bowel movements. Abdominal tenderness or distention. Blood in your stool. Nausea, vomiting.

Fever. Mental confusion in older adults. Symptoms of chronic intestinal ischemia.

Signs and symptoms of chronic intestinal ischemia can include: Abdominal cramps or fullness after eating, usually within the first hour, and lasting one to three hours. Abdominal pain that gets progressively worse over weeks or months. Fear of eating because of subsequent pain. Unintended weight loss. Diarrhea. Nausea, vomiting. Bloating. When to see a doctor. Seek immediate medical care if you have sudden, severe abdominal pain.

Pain that makes you so uncomfortable that you can't sit still or find a comfortable position is a medical emergency. If you have other signs or symptoms that worry you, make an appointment with your doctor. Causes. Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood flow through the major arteries that supply blood to your intestines slows or stops. The condition has many potential causes, including a blockage in an artery caused by a blood clot, or a narrowing of an artery due to buildup of deposits, such as cholesterol. Blockages also can occur in veins, but they're less common. Whatever the cause, diminished blood flow within your digestive tract leaves cells without enough oxygen, which causes the cells to weaken and die. If damage is severe enough, infection, gangrene and eventually a hole (perforation) in the wall of the intestines can occur.

If untreated, intestinal ischemia can be fatal. Intestinal ischemia is often divided into categories: Colon ischemia (ischemic colitis)This most common type of intestinal ischemia occurs when blood flow to the colon is slowed. It most often affects adults older than 6.

Signs and symptoms of colon ischemia include rectal bleeding and the sudden onset of mild, crampy abdominal pain. The cause of diminished blood flow to the colon isn't always clear, but a number of conditions can make you more vulnerable to colon ischemia: Buildup of cholesterol deposits on the walls of an artery (atherosclerosis)Dangerously low blood pressure (hypotension) associated with heart failure, major surgery, trauma or shock.

A blood clot in an artery supplying the colon. Twisting of the bowel (volvulus) or trapping of intestinal contents within a hernia.

Excessive bowel enlargement from bowel obstruction caused by scar tissue or a tumor. Other medical disorders that affect your blood, such as inflammation of your blood vessels (vasculitis), lupus or sickle cell anemia. Some medications, especially those that constrict blood vessels, such as some heart and migraine medications, and hormone medications, such as estrogen.

Cocaine or methamphetamine use. Vigorous exercise, such as long- distance running. Acute mesenteric ischemia. This type of intestinal ischemia usually affects the small intestine. It has an abrupt onset and may be due to: A blood clot (embolus) that dislodges from your heart and travels through your bloodstream to block an artery, usually the superior mesenteric artery, which supplies oxygen- rich blood to your intestines. This is the most common cause of acute mesenteric artery ischemia and can be brought on by congestive heart failure, an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or a heart attack.

A blockage that develops within one of the main intestinal arteries and slows or stops blood flow, often as a result of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) building up on the wall of an artery. This type of sudden ischemia tends to occur in people with chronic intestinal ischemia. Impaired blood flow resulting from low blood pressure due to shock, heart failure, certain medications or chronic kidney failure. This is more common in people who have other serious illnesses and who have some degree of atherosclerosis.

Upper Left and Right Abdominal Pain – Causes and Treatment [Total: 2. Average: 2. 3/5] Upper Abdominal Pain. Any abdominal pain can be so excruciating or unbearable  that the patient may  jump, shout or writhe in pain.  Usually the symptoms that accompany abdominal pain include: nausea, vomiting, chills and shivering, burning sensation, diarrhea, mild or severe fever. These symptoms and the location of the pain help in the correct diagnosis of  upperabdominal pain.

The upper abdomen is located between the lower ribcage margins and the naval. It is further divided into upper left abdomen and upper right abdomen. Another way to describe it is the center of body from under the breast- bone to umbilicus and across to both sides of the torso. Any pain in the upper abdomen region is termed as upper abdominal pain. Because of the numerous organs or structures in the upper abdomen it is difficult to diagnose the actual cause of pain.

Any disorder or medical condition pertaining to these organs or structures can lead to upper abdominal pain. Sometimes a patient can experience upper abdominal pain due to organs or structures not located in the abdomen.  The illustration of abdominal quadrants can help you describe the location of the pain.

Abdominal quadrants pictures. Picture 1 : Upper left and right abdominal quadrants (highlighted)Picture 2 : Upper left and right abdominal quadrants with abdominal organs (highlighted)Source : wikimedia. Picture 3 : Upper right and left abdominal pain area (highlighted)source : drshailja. Causes of Upper Abdominal Pain. Many of the  possible reasons for upper abdominal are listed here in alphabetical order: Angina.

Disorders related to muscles, skin or bones. Esophagus spasms. Gallbladder disorders. Gastritis. Heart attack. Herpes infection. Indigestion. Kidney stones and infections. Liver disease and infections.

Pancreatitis. Peptic ulcer. Spleen infections. Trapped wind. Ureteric stones. The signs of various disorders along with symptoms of upper abdominal pain help diagnose the cause of the pain. Upper Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy. It is not unusual for a woman to have upper abdominal pain during pregnancy.  She may have many physiological and hormonal changes that increase the risk of  conditions which may cause  upper abdominal pain.

Various causes of abdominal pain in expectant mothers include : Miscarriage. Urinary tract infection. Constipation, very common in pregnant women. Gastritis. Appendicitis.

Ectopic pregnancy. Fibroids. Labor pains. Tumors related to ovaries.

Diabetes keto acidosis. Pre- eclampsia of pregnancy [7]Upper Left Abdominal Pain. Abdominal pain in the upper left side is felt from the left nipple to the umbilicus. The pain can occur due to any disorders in any of the various organs or structures present in the upper left abdomen which include the following: Spleen. Tail end of pancreas. Parts of large intestines.

Part of bowel. Some part of stomach. Evaluation Of Health Promotion Programs For Older Adults An Introduction more. Left lower ribs. Left kidney. Muscles, skins and bones. The heart is located just above the upper left abdomen but can be responsible for an upper left abdominal pain.

Causes of Upper Left Abdominal Pain. Few of the medical conditions that give rise to upper left abdominal pain are given below: Any injury or infection linked to the spleen causes severe abdominal pain in the upper left side. At times, even a splenic tumor is also the cause for such a pain. Bowel cancer which affects the bowel’s left side results in a burning upper abdominal pain.

Shingles or Herpes zoster. A pain in the upper left abdomen after a meal can be due to contaminated food resulting in food poisoning. Usually pancreatitis starts with an upper middle abdominal pain and if the pancreas tail gets affected, then the pain is felt even in the upper left abdomen. Pancreatic cancer is another pancreas disorder that leads to the pain.

Left Kidney stones and left kidney infection. Any viral infection in the lower left ribs.

Stomach ulcer. Disorders of left side of liver like cyst, tumor or hepatitis are some common causes of upper left abdominal pain.[4]Disease involving left adrenal gland. A ruptured or leaked abdominal aortic aneurysm. When the stomach twists upon itself, it results in gastric volvulus causing upper left abdominal pain. The other disorders or medical conditions apart from those mentioned above include:  pneumonia, trapped wind, transverse colon volvulus and heart problems. Upper Right Abdominal Pain. The pain experienced from the right nipple to the umbilicus level is commonly known as upper right abdominal pain. The organs or structures found in this quadrant are: Liver.

Bowel’s upper part. Right kidney. Right lungs’ lower part.

Right kidney’s tubes (ureters)Right adrenal gland. Muscles, skin and bones. Any problem related to these organs or structures lead to mild or severe right side abdominal pain. In some cases, the organs not present in the upper right quadrant too lead to pain in that part. Causes of Upper Right Abdominal Pain. A pain in the upper right side of abdomen is less common.

Vomiting Bile – Causes of Yellow to Green Bilious Vomit. Vomiting bile often presents as a bright yellow to dark green color in the vomitus. While the color may be due to the breakdown of food, the presence of bile should not be ignored as it could be related to serious causes that require immediate medical attention, especially if it is of a sudden onset. In most cases, the vomiting is accompanied by nausea and small bowel obstruction has to always be excluded, especially in infants. If the vomiting occurs with no nausea, raised intracranial pressure needs to be excluded.

Bile is often present in the vomit but goes unnoticed in small quantities. It becomes more evident as the ingested contents are passed out and only water and mucus are remaining. Therefore many of the same causes of vomiting, especially recurrent vomiting, will lead to bile vomitus. Persistent vomiting, especially a short while after eating a meal, may lead to bile vomitus.

Bile secretion is at the greatest 2. In the event that vomiting ensues a short while after eating, the partially digested food lying in the small intestine and mixed with a number of digestive enzymes, mucus and bile, will eventually be passed out after repeated bouts of vomiting.

Yellow to green vomit should not be immediately considered as bile vomitus. Foods and drinks that can color the gastric contents in this manner need to be excluded. The causes below are not a complete list of conditions resulting in bile vomitus. Intestinal Obstruction. The presence of bile in the vomit should always raise the concern of bowel obstruction. Any obstruction of the small intestine, even as far as the the jejunum and ileum of the small intestine, will usually cause the expulsion of intestinal contents which have already mixed with bile in the duodenum. As mentioned under vomiting control, antiperistaltic contractions which move contents up the gut can begin as low as the ileum of the small intestine.

However, bile vomiting will not be present in a case of gastric outlet obstruction or any blockage lying proximal to the duodenum. The most common symptoms are constipation (also referred to as obstipation in intestinal obstruction) and abdominal distention. Abdominal pain is typically present but in infants this may only be evident as constant crying. The causes of small bowel obstruction include : Newborns and Infants Malrotation.

Hirschsprung’s disease. Congenital duodenal atresia – distal to the ampulla of Vater. Pyloric stenosis. Intussusception. Foreign bodies.

Adults. Adhesions (post- operative)Malignant tumor. Inflammatory bowel disease. Volvulus. Gallstone ileus, foreign bodies. Bile Reflux. This is the backflow of bile into the stomach. Apart from vomiting bile, other signs and symptoms may be present including : Bile reflux may be a result of : Surgery. Bile may enter the stomach following a cholescystectomy (surgical removal of the gallbladder). This is known as postcholecystectomy syndrome and often results in gastritis and esophagitis.

The irritation of the stomach lining may lead to vomiting of the bile and other gastric contents. Any gastric surgery that may affect the pyloric sphincter of the stomach may allow bile to enter the stomach during intestinal peristalsis.

This is sometimes seen in a gastrectomy and gastric bypass surgery and is often associated with rapid gastric emptying. Peptic ulcer. Drugs and Alcohol. Ask a Doctor Online Now! Certain drugs and alcohol, especially in large quantities, are known irritants of the gastrointestinal tract. If the irritation is ongoing as seen with alcohol abuse and poisoning, bile vomiting may occur. With the consumption of certain drinks, particularly cocktails, the dyes used to color these drinks may at times be mistaken for bile. Drugs like morphine and digitalis derivatives may stimulate the chemoreceptor trigger zone and lead to prolonged bouts of vomiting with bile vomitus.

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome. This is a chronic functional disorder and the exact cause is unknown.

In CVS, there may be bouts of nausea and vomiting that may last for a few hours to day and then spontaneously resolve. It can recur anywhere between a few days to weeks or months later. Bouts of vomiting of this nature with no known cause with at least 3 episodes in a 6 month period are usually considered as CVS. Related Articles. What is Vomiting? References. Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome.