Types Of Bones The Skeleton & Bones. There are 5 types of bones in the human body. These are long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones and sesmoid bones. Here we outline the different types of bones in the human body and explain where they are found. Test yourself at the bottom of the page with our interactive online flash cards. Long Bones. Long bones are some of the longest bones in the body, such as the Femur, Humerus and Tibia but are also some of the smallest including the Metacarpals, Metatarsals and Phalanges. The classification of a long bone includes having a body which is longer than it is wide, with growth plates (epiphysis) at either end, having a hard outer surface of compact bone and a spongy inner known an cancellous bone containing bone marrow.
Both ends of the bone are covered in hyaline cartilage to help protect the bone and aid shock absorbtion. Short Bones. Short bones are defined as being approximately as wide as they are long and have a primary function of providing support and stability with little movement.
Examples of short bones are the Carpals and Tarsals - the wrist and foot bones. They consist of only a thin layer of compact, hard bone with cancellous bone on the inside along with relatively large amounts of bone marrow. Flat Bones. Flat bones are as they sound, strong, flat plates of bone with the main function of providing protection to the bodies vital organs and being a base for muscular attachment. The classic example of a flat bone is the Scapula (shoulder blade). The Sternum (breast bone), Cranium (skull), os coxae (hip bone) Pelvis and Ribs are also classified as flat bones.
Anterior and posterior surfaces are formed of compact bone to provide strength for protection with the centre consisiting of cancellous (spongy) bone and varying amounts of bone marrow. In adults, the highest number of red blood cells are formed in flat bones. Irregular Bones. These are bones in the body which do not fall into any other category, due to their non- uniform shape.
Good examples of these are the Vertebrae, Sacrum and Mandible (lower jaw). They primarily consist of cancellous bone, with a thin outer layer of compact bone. Sesamoid Bones. Sesamoid bones are usually short or irregular bones, embedded in a tendon. The most obvious example of this is the Patella (knee cap) which sits within the Patella or Quadriceps tendon. Other sesamoid bones are the Pisiform (smallest of the Carpals) and the two small bones at the base of the 1st Metatarsal. Sesamoid bones are usually present in a tendon where it passes over a joint which serves to protect the tendon.
- Liver cyst causes. The exact cause of simple liver cysts is unknown. Some experts say they may be present at birth, while others speculate that certain other.
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How I Fractured My L1 Vertebrae. The funny thing about it all, it’s really not that hard to fracture you L1 vertebrae. Here’s a list of all you need: Friends (they come in handy after the accident). Snow (particularly, hard- packed snow that hundreds have sledded on already).
A decent- sized hill. An idiot to carve out a nasty jump by digging into the snow.
· Adults have a high rate of complications after getting their tonsils removed, so plan for adequate recuperation after the surgery, researchers say. "Most. As some of you know, on December 27, 2009, I fractured my L1 vertebrae while sledding at Mt. Charleston (40 miles or so outside Las Vegas). I, later, also discovered. During breast cancer treatment, you may have different kinds of pain in your chest. After surgery, you may feel a mixture of pain and numbness in your chest in the.
One thin plastic sled. A little too much confidence in one’s self. And tourists that run away at the first sign of trouble.
The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone shaped like a necktie located in the center of the chest. It connects to the ribs via cartilage, forming the front of. Where would you be without your bones? Learn more about the skeletal system in this article for kids.
Doctors at NYU Langone recommend activity modification, back braces, and pain medication to manage spine compression fractures. Learn more. Brain and spinal cord tumors are masses of abnormal cells in the brain or spinal cord that have grown out of control. Learn more about brain and spinal cord tumors here. Learn about the role of the L6 vertebra, the conditions that may develop at this level and the treatment options available for these debilitating symptoms.
Yup, I had that entire list covered. And sure enough, as easy as it was, I ended up with a fractured to my number one lumbar vertebrae. I’ll explain all the medical stuff in a bit–but first, let’s take the list and turn it into a process. To do that it is probably best I tell you the story from the beginning. I’ll try and make this short since it hurts to sit up for long.
It all started on December 2. Las Vegas, during my Christmas vacation, when a good friend of mine, Felipe Palitang, informed me that him and his friends had gone sledding recently (I think the day before–or before that–if my memory serves me correct). My jealous self could not resist the urge to ask Felipe if, we could find time the next day, maybe I could also join in the holiday fun, drive up into the snow, and go sledding as well. Felipe agreed. He thought it would be a great idea if we could get a few people together and just have some good ol’ fashioned fun in the snow. The next morning, December 2.
Felipe called me–waking me up–and confirmed he was ready and willing to head up into the mountains. I quickly texted as many people as I could to invite them up with us. By then end of the morning we confirmed our crew. Felipe would take Timothy Mwero (my youngest brother), Branden Taylor (Tim’s best friend) and himself in his small, but rather comfy, SUV. Costume Patterns For Adults Butterick. I would take Amber Moore, Trinity Moore (Amber’s daughter and my God- Daughter), and Brandon Temple (Amber’s finance) in my rented Chevy Malibu. Felipe and I agreed on leaving the area around 1. Big 5 to pick up one plastic disc sled, and a plastic tobaggon, and by the time I figured out all snow gloves were taken from the stores, we left my house after 1: 0.
Felipe followed me as I headed over to Amber’s place where we picked them up. After which we headed to another Big 5 Sporting Goods–on our way out of town–where I found myself a pair of snow gloves. We were now ready and excited to go play in the snow.
As a precaution I had brought a couple of my Motorola Two- Way radios with me. I thought that, at the least, in case any one of us got lost on the way up we have a way of finding each other.
Mt. Charleston is not very far away from Las Vegas. In an hour you find yourself surrounded by thick brush, wild growth and beautiful trees. Its a landscape you would never imagine is so close to the desert. In what seemed like no time we had made our way passed the Mt. Charleston exit, off the 9. Lee Canyon. Police greeted us as we entered into the park and warned us to please follow parking signs. Felipe lead the way as he picked a place for us to get out and begin sledding down the hills.
The first spot we found seemed trecherous, but nevertheless, we all got out of the cars, made our way across a ditch and played our hearts out in the snow. Branden Taylor and Tim did their best to show off as they climbed up the steep hills and slid all the way back down on the sleds.
Typical guy stuff, you know? So, of course I joined in. Up and down. Back and forth. From one trail to another.
We had close calls with a few trees, but no one seemed to care once the immediate danger was avoided. I even tried sledding down one of the hills with 4 and half year old Trinity. After losing grip on the sled and clumsily sliding behind her down half the hill, let’s just say it’ll be a while before Trinity ever truly enjoys the snow, and even more so, sledding. Nevertheless, we were having a great time. Trinity, now thoroughly frozen from frolicking in the snow, made the decision for us that maybe it was time to at least get warm. We all headed over to where we parked the cars and decided that instead of calling the day short we should probably find one more spot where the “boys” could play a little more.
We drove around the canyon, all the way up to the ski resort–which is the end of the road, literally–turned around, drove a bit and found ourselves parked next to the big, main play area of the canyon. What looked to me to be hundreds of people lined the entire hillside, climbing up and sledding down, and just having the time of their lives.
Amber, Brandon Temple, and Trinity all decided to stay warm in the car, so I left it running as I joined the rest of the guys already crossing the street and running for the hill. Felipe, Branden Taylor, Timothy and I picked a spot that wasn’t so crowded, but nonetheless was surrounded by tourists. To our right, clear- cut foreigners from another country. To our left, possible tourist family.
Liver cysts~ by Jo Jordan. Also known as a hepatic cyst, a simple liver cyst is a thin- walled bubble, a fluid- filled cavity in the liver that usually produces no signs or symptoms. Some liver cysts do not contain fluid. A relatively common condition, liver cysts are normally benign and pose no problems or health risks. They are usually detected by chance during other types of testing, and may be diagnosed through ultrasound or computerized tomography (CAT) scans. In some cases, however, liver cysts may grow large enough to cause pain or discomfort in the upper right part of the abdomen, liver enlargement, bile duct infection, or obstruction of the bile ducts, causing the cyst itself to become infected.
In these cases, it is necessary to drain and/or remove the cyst. Discover The #1 Way To Promote Liver Health. Liver cyst causes. The exact cause of simple liver cysts is unknown. Some experts say they may be present at birth, while others speculate that certain other conditions could be the cause: Caroli’s disease – associated with recurrent bacterial inflammation of the bile duct, stone formation, and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts.
Congenital (at birth) hepatic fibrosis – a rare hereditary disorder characterized by scar tissue with irregularly shaped bile ducts, and associated with an impairment of renal functions. Choledochal cysts – congenital (at birth) abnormalities of the bile ducts. In rare cases, liver cysts may indicate a serious, underlying condition such as polycystic liver disease (an inherited disorder associated with multiple cysts of varying size), echinococcosis (parasitic infection), or liver cancer. Liver cyst treatments –Start with a liver cleanse supplement. The first step is to make sure that your body is working as well as it can. If you are not already doing so, you should consider a colon / liver cleansing program. These programs provide the nutrients that will enable your liver and colon to work as well as they can.
Since liver cysts are normally benign, treatment is generally not indicated. However, in some cases it is necessary to treat the underlying cause. Other diseases can sometimes look like liver cysts, so it is necessary to seek medical attention in order to rule out more problematic diseases. A biopsy can be performed and/or a sample of the cyst’s fluid can be removed for analysis. Liver cysts can be surgically removed if they create problems or discomfort.