Causes of Left Side Abdominal (Stomach) Pain. Finding the Cause of Abdominal Pain.
Left side abdominal pain may arise from the internal organs of the gastrointestinal and urinary tract, chest, pelvic cavity, abdominal wall muscles, bones (ribs, spine, pelvis), vessels, nerves or skin. The presence of other signs and symptoms are an important indication of possible causes of left sided abdominal pain and factors that exacerbate or ease the pain are a vital clue to the underlying condition.
If the pain is of a sudden onset, unbearable and associated with a high fever, dizziness, confusion or a loss of consciousness, immediate medical attention needs to be sought. Take note of whether the pain is related to eating, sleeping, bowel movements, flatulence (passing gas), movement or menstrual cycle in females. The list of causes of left side abdominal pain are listed below are arranged in order from the upper abdomen (above the navel) to lower abdomen (below the navel). It is intended to serve as a guide but ultimately a diagnosis by a medical professional is necessary so that the appropriate treatment can be commenced as soon as possible.
Epidemiology. Shoulder pain is the third most common cause of musculoskeletal consultation in primary care. 1% of adults with new shoulder pain consult their GP each. Repeated or profuse vomiting may cause erosions to the esophagus or small tears in the esophageal mucosa (Mallory–Weiss tear). This may become apparent if fresh red.
An abdominal ultrasound, x- ray, CT scan or MRI are often necessary for a definitive diagnosis, along with specialized investigations like a flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy or double contrast barium enema for gastrointestinal conditions. UPPER Left Abdominal Pain.
Upper left abdominal pain is most often due to a condition afflicting one or more organs or structure in the LUQ (left upper quadrant) of the abdomen. It may also be due to conditions in the thoracic cavity or lower left abdominal area that either refers or radiates to the LUQ. Causes of upper left abdominal pain include: LARGE INTESTINEAlso known as the large bowel, it is responsible for the final stages of water absorption which leads to the formation of a solid stool from liquid intestinal chyme from the small intestine. It houses a number of species of colonic bacteria which are necessary for normal functioning but can be pathological if there is an overgrowth or pathogenic bacteria replace it.
Tear Duct Infection (Dacryocystitis) - an easy to understand guide covering causes, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment and prevention plus additional in depth medical. Africa & The Middle East. Bahrain; Egypt; Kuwait; Qatar; South Africa; United Arab Emirates. · Many studies have been conducted to evaluate the imaging characteristics of splenic trauma with CT and to address the outcome of conservative treatment. Home » Current Health Articles » Causes of Left Side Abdominal (Stomach) Pain Causes of Left Side Abdominal (Stomach) Pain. Posted by Jan Modric. Tear duct surgery, or dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), is performed to unblock obstructed tear ducts or other portions of the tear (lacrimal) system. Three Parts:Diagnosing a Blocked Tear Duct Clearing a Blocked Tear Duct at Home Undergoing Medical Treatment Community Q&A If your eye is watery and inflamed, you.
The large intestine includes the cecum (junction between small and large intestine), colon, rectum and anus. Conditions of the large intestine that may cause left side abdominal pain includes : Constipation. Volvulus – twisting of the transverse colon around its axis (rare)ABDOMINAL MUSCLESThe abdominal muscles includes several types of muscles that make up the abdominal wall. It protects the abdominal organs which lacks a skeletal shield like the chest cavity and also plays various roles in movement of the legs and thorax. These muscle also stabilize the trunk during standing, walking and running and are prone to injury. Muscular conditions that may cause abdominal pain includes : Muscle strain. Abdominal hernia.
Strenuous exercise. Blow, blunt force trauma. Rectus sheath hematoma. Abscess in psoas muscle. PANCREASThe pancreas is a large multipurpose gland which has exocrine functions that affects digestion and endocrine functions which control metabolism.
It empties its digestive enzymes (exocrine component) into the duodenum, the first part of the small intestine, along with bile released by the gallbladder. Shooting Games For Adults Free Download on this page. Without these enzymes, the process of digestion is severely hampered. Pancreatic conditions that may cause left side abdominal pain include : SPLEENThe spleen is the largest lymph node in the body responsible for filtering blood and removing cellular debris and foreign microorganisms.
Although the spleen can be removed without hampering life, it nevertheless plays several important roles in the body. Splenic conditions that may cause left side abdominal pain includes : Splenic infarct. Ruptured spleen, often in car accidents. Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) only in cases of massive splenomegaly.
KIDNEYS/URETERThe kidney is responsible for filtering the blood, removing wastes and passing it out in the urine while conserving essential electrolytes and water. It also plays other important roles in regulating several functions in the body that are not associated with urine, like stimulating the production of red blood cells. The kidney is located in the upper part of the abdomen and shielded by the ribcage. Urine from the kidney leads to the bladder via the ureter. Conditions affecting the kidney and/or ureter that may result in left side abdominal pain include : Pyelonephritis – infection of the kidney. Glomerulonephritis (kidney inflammation), kidney cyst or tumor. Albuquerque Adults On Rio Bravo. Urinary stones. LEFT ADRENAL GLANDThe adrenal gland, also known as the suprarenal gland, is located on the top of the kidney.
It has two distinct layers, the medulla and cortex, which secrete various hormones that play important roles in the body. Adrenal adenoma (benign tumor)Adrenal carcinoma also known as adrenocortical carcinoma. LUNGSThe lungs are responsible for gas exchange between the air and blood stream.
Causes of Dizziness Vestibular Disorders Association. Dizziness, vertigo, disequilibrium. Dizziness, vertigo and disequilibrium are common symptoms reported by adults during visits to their doctors. They are all symptoms that can result from a peripheral vestibular disorder (a dysfunction of the balance organs of the inner ear) or central vestibular disorder (a dysfunction of one or more parts of the central nervous system that help process balance and spatial information). Although these three symptoms can be linked by a common cause, they have different meanings, and describing them accurately can mean the difference between a successful diagnosis and one that is missed. Dizziness is a sensation of lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness. Unlike dizziness, vertigo has a rotational, spinning component, and is the perception of movement, either of the self or surrounding objects.
Disequilibrium simply means unsteadiness, imbalance, or loss of equilibrium that is often accompanied by spatial disorientation. Dizziness: a sensation of lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness.
Dizziness does not involve a rotational component. Almost everyone experiences a few seconds of spatial disorientation at some point. For example, when a person watches a 3- D movie in the theater and momentarily perceives an illusion of moving or falling as the images rush past. However, frequent episodes of vertigo—whether lasting only for a few seconds or days on end—are a primary sign of a vestibular dysfunction, especially when linked to changes in head position. By contrast, dizziness can be a primary sign of a vestibular disorder in addition to a broad array of cardiovascular, neurological, metabolic, vision, and psychological problems. It is also quite possible that a person may have a combination of problems, such as a degenerative vestibular disorder along with a visual deficit such as cataracts or a neurological disorder such as a stroke.
Because of the many possible causes of dizziness, getting a correct diagnosis can be a long and frustrating experience. Inuyasha Dating Story With Different Endings there. Dizziness caused by vestibular disorders. The body maintains balance with sensory information from three systems: visionproprioception (touch sensors in the feet, trunk, and spine)vestibular system (inner ear)Sensory input from these three systems is integrated and processed by the brainstem. In response, feedback messages are sent to the eyes to help maintain steady vision and to the muscles to help maintain posture and balance.
Vertigo: the perception of movement or whirling - either of the self or surrounding objects. A healthy vestibular system supplies the most reliable information about spatial orientation. Mixed signals from vision or proprioception can usually be tolerated. When sitting in a car at a railroad crossing, seeing a passing train may cause the sensation of drifting or moving, and feeling a soft, thick carpet underfoot as opposed to a solid wood floor can produce a floating sensation. However, compensating for vestibular system abnormalities is more problematic. Just as a courtroom judge must rule between two sides presenting competing evidence, the vestibular system serves as the tie- breaker between conflicting forms of sensory information.
When the vestibular system malfunctions, it can no longer help resolve moments of sensory conflict, resulting in symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, and disequilibrium. Specific vestibular system problems. Vestibular dysfunction is most commonly caused by head injury, aging, and viral infection. Other illnesses, as well as genetic and environmental factors, may also cause or contribute to vestibular disorders. Causes of dizziness related to vestibular system dysfunction are listed below. Disequilibrium: unsteadiness, imbalance, or loss of equilibrium; often accompanied by spatial disorientation.
An acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor growing on the vestibulo- cochlear nerve. Autoimmune inner ear disease occurs when the defense capabilities of a mal- functioning immune system harm the cells of the body that affect the ear. Specific diagnoses include Cogan’s syndrome, Wegener’s granulomatosis, systemic lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis, among others. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a condition resulting from loose debris (otoconia) that collect within a part of the inner ear. In addition to head injury, BPPV can occur due to the degeneration of inner- ear hair cells during the natural process of aging. Cervicogenic dizzinessis a clinical syndrome of disequilibrium and disorientation in patients with neck problems that include cervical trauma, cervical arthritis, and others.
Cholesteatoma is a skin growth that occurs in the middle ear behind the eardrum. An enlarged vestibular aqueduct houses the fluid- filled endolymphatic duct, which is connected to the endolymphatic sac. The function of the duct and the sac are affected when the aqueduct is larger than normal.
Symptoms, Stages, Diet & Life Expectancy. What Is Cirrhosis? Cirrhosis is a chronic (ongoing, long- term) disease of the liver. It means scarring to the normal liver tissue that keeps this important organ from working as it should. If the damage is not stopped, the liver gradually loses more of its ability to carry out its normal functions. This is called liver failure, sometimes referred to as end- stage liver disease. The liver is the largest organ in the body and one of the most essential.
It is about the size a football and is located on the right side in front, just below the lower rib cage. It produces substances that help fight infections and clot blood, filters toxins and infectious agents out of the blood, helps in the digestion of certain nutrients from foods, and stores energy for later use. These are just some of its many functions in the body. The liver may be injured by a single event, as in acute (new, short- term) hepatitis; by regular injury over months or years, as in biliary tract blockage or chronic hepatitis; or by continuous injury, as in daily alcohol abuse. The liver responds to cell damage by producing strands of scar tissue that surround islands (nodules) of healing cells, making the liver knobby.
At first, the inflammation in the liver causes it to swell. As the disease progresses and the amount of scar tissue in the liver increases, the liver will actually shrink. The scar tissue presses on the many blood vessels in the liver. This interrupts flow of blood to liver cells, which then die. Loss of liver cells hinders the liver's ability to perform its normal functions. Loss of liver function affects the body in many ways. Cirrhosis, if severe enough, can cause many different complications.
These can be severe, as follows: Portal hypertension: The nodules and scar tissue can compress veins within the liver. This causes the blood pressure within the liver to be high, a condition known as portal hypertension. High pressures within blood vessels of the liver occur in a majority of people who have cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is the most common cause of portal hypertension in the United States. Portal hypertension may cause blood to back up in the intestines and other organs in the abdomen and cause bleeding into the intestines and fluid accumulation throughout the body.
Hepatic encephalopathy: In this condition, toxins build up in the bloodstream because the scarred liver is unable to rid them from the body. The toxins can cause you to behave bizarrely, to become confused, and to lose your ability to take care of yourself or others. Some people become very sleepy and cannot waken easily.
Gastrointestinal bleeding: Portal hypertension causes backing up of blood flow in the veins of the stomach and esophagus. This causes the veins to enlarge, forming "varices" (varicose veins). These varices can tear and bleed, and this bleeding can be life threatening.
This usually shows up as vomiting bright red blood. Infection: If you have cirrhosis, you are at risk for many infections because your liver cannot form the proteins needed to fight off infection. Fluid retention (ascites): High pressures (portal hypertension) force fluid out of blood vessels in your liver, pooling it in your abdomen. Several liters of this fluid can pool in your abdomen, causing pain, swelling, difficulty breathing, and dehydration. As fluid pools in your abdomen, your kidneys will try to hold onto more water, because they think your body is dehydrated.
The excess fluid collects in your lungs, legs, and abdomen. The fluid in your abdomen can become infected, called spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
Hepatorenal syndrome: For unknown reasons, liver failure leads to kidney failure in some people. Often the progress toward liver failure is slow and gradual. Although cirrhosis has traditionally been linked with alcoholism, it has many causes. The most common causes in the United States are chronic alcoholism and hepatitis C.
There is no cure for cirrhosis, but removing the cause can slow the disease. If the damage is not too severe, the liver can heal itself over time.
The e. Medicine. Health doctors ask about Cirrhosis (Liver, Symptoms, Stages, and Diet).
What Are the Treatments for Blocked Tear Ducts in Adults? Blocked tear ducts cause excessive tearing and eye irritation when your tears cannot drain normally. Typically, tears drain out of small holes in the corner of your eye, and then pass through tiny tubes into the nose to be eliminated.
A blockage anywhere in this drainage system will cause tears to back up and linger on the eye. This may cause eye infections, blurry vision, pain and bloody tears. Blocked tear ducts in adults are usually caused by infection, inflammation, tumor or injury. The best treatment will depend on the cause of the blockage.
The first step in treating a blocked tear duct is determining the underlying cause. If the blockage is caused by infection, your doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics. Warm compressed may temporarily relieve discomfort caused by the blocked tear duct.
If the blockage is caused by a tumor, it will need to be medically treated or surgically removed. Facial injuries may cause swelling that temporarily stops up your tear drainage system.
Once the underlying problem has healed, the tear drainage system will often start working properly on its own. Minimally invasive treatments can be successful for partial blockages or narrowing of the tear ducts. Dilation and irrigation is a procedure that can be done in a doctor’s office. Tear ducts are widened with a special instrument and flushed out with saline. Balloon catheter dilation is done under anesthesia and requires the doctor to thread a tiny tube with a deflated balloon on the end up through the nose and into the tear drainage system. The balloon is then inflated with a pump to widen the tear drainage tubes. Stenting is also done under anesthesia.
A tiny silicone tube is inserted through the drainage holes in the eye down through the length of the drainage system into the nose. These tubes are left in for 3 to 6 months to prop open the drainage system. There is a risk of inflammation around the tube and a little bit of tubing remains visible in the corner of the eye, though most people aren’t bothered by it. Surgery to treat a blocked tear duct can be performed under general anesthesia or a local, and is usually done on an outpatient basis.
The normal drainage system is bypassed and a new drainage system is created using tiny silicone tubes. The tubes are left in place for up to 6 months to allow tissues to heal and create a new drainage system. Tubes are later removed through an open incision on the side of the nose in a procedure called an external dacryocystorhinostomy. This open procedure has the highest success rate for this type of blocked tear duct surgery. A closed procedure can also be done, in which tiny instruments are inserted through the nose to create the new drainage system.
Risks include bruising, bleeding, infection and swelling. Sometimes, scar tissue forms that blocks the new drainage system and the procedure has to be repeated.