Well - The New York Times. Mysterious pain, doubting doctors, depression, fatigue and brain fog — six people speak about living with fibromyalgia.
Asthma symptoms appear when your airways are inflamed and constricted. Symptoms vary. They can be barely noticeable, severe, or life-threatening. Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. It is characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction. Asthma is a chronic condition in which the airways that carry air to the lungs are inflamed and narrowed. Here are common causes, symptoms and treatments for the.
Food Allergies Causes, Symptoms & Treatment. The primary way to manage a food allergy is to avoid consuming the food that causes you problems. Carefully check ingredient labels of food products, and learn whether what you need to avoid is known by other names. The Food Allergy Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2.
Learn about adult-onset asthma causes, diagnosis, treatment information and symptoms like difficulty breathing, wheezing and coughing. Adults with allergies are more. Dust mite allergy can lead to year-round sniffles and sneezes. Here’s how to find relief.
Cochrane works collaboratively with contributors around the world to produce authoritative, relevant, and reliable evidence, in the form of Cochrane Reviews. What is asthma? Learn about asthma, a chronic inflammation disorder of the bronchiole tubes. Discover information about asthma attacks, asthma symptoms, and asthma.
Food allergies affect 4 to 6 percent of children and 4 percent of adults. Learn about the types of food allergies, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment here.
FALCPA) mandates that manufacturers of packaged foods produced in the United States identify, in simple, clear language, the presence of any of the eight most common food allergens - milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanut, tree nut, fish and crustacean shellfish - in their products. The presence of the allergen must be stated even if it is only an incidental ingredient, as in an additive or flavoring. Some goods also may be labeled with precautionary statements, such as “may contain,” “might contain,” “made on shared equipment,” “made in a shared facility” or some other indication of potential allergen contamination. There are no laws or regulations requiring those advisory warnings and no standards that define what they mean. If you have questions about what foods are safe for you to eat, talk with your allergist. Be advised that the FALCPA labeling requirements do not apply to items regulated by the U.
S. Department of Agriculture (meat, poultry and certain egg products) and those regulated by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (distilled spirits, wine and beer). The law also does not apply to cosmetics, shampoos and other health and beauty aids, some of which may contain tree nut extracts or wheat proteins.
Avoiding an allergen is easier said than done. While labeling has helped make this process a bit easier, some foods are so common that avoiding them is daunting. A dietitian or a nutritionist may be able to help. These food experts will offer tips for avoiding the foods that trigger your allergies and will ensure that even if you exclude certain foods from your diet, you still will be getting all the nutrients you need. Special cookbooks and support groups, either in person or online, for patients with specific allergies can also provide useful information. Many people with food allergies wonder whether their condition is permanent. There is no definitive answer.
Allergies to milk, eggs, wheat and soy may disappear over time, while allergies to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish tend to be lifelong. Eating out. Be extra careful when eating in restaurants. Waiters (and sometimes the kitchen staff) may not always know the ingredients of every dish on the menu. Depending on your sensitivity, even just walking into a kitchen or a restaurant can cause an allergic reaction. Consider using a “chef card” - available through many websites - that identifies your allergy and what you cannot eat.
Always tell your servers about your allergies and ask to speak to the chef, if possible. Stress the need for preparation surfaces, pans, pots and utensils that haven’t been contaminated by your allergen, and clarify with the restaurant staff what dishes on the menu are safe for you. Anaphylaxis. Symptoms caused by a food allergy can range from mild to life- threatening; the severity of each reaction is unpredictable. People who have previously experienced only mild symptoms may suddenly experience a life- threatening reaction called anaphylaxis, which can, among other things, impair breathing and cause a sudden drop in blood pressure.
This is why allergists do not like to classify someone as “mildly” or “severely” food allergic - there is just no way to tell what may happen with the next reaction. In the U. S., food allergy is the leading cause of anaphylaxis outside the hospital setting. Epinephrine (adrenaline) is the first- line treatment for anaphylaxis, which results when exposure to an allergen triggers a flood of chemicals that can send your body into shock. Anaphylaxis can occur within seconds or minutes of exposure to the allergen, can worsen quickly and can be fatal. Once you’ve been diagnosed with a food allergy, your allergist should prescribe an epinephrine auto- injector and teach you how to use it. You should also be given a written treatment plan describing what medications you’ve been prescribed and when they should be used. Check the expiration date of your auto- injector, note the expiration date on your calendar and ask your pharmacy about reminder services for prescription renewals.
Anyone with a food allergy should always have his or her auto- injector close at hand. Be sure to have two doses available, as the severe reaction can recur in about 2. There are no data to help predict who may need a second dose of epinephrine, so this recommendation applies to all patients with a food allergy.
Types of asthma Asthma UKPeople use different terms to describe the different types of asthma. This is because everyone with asthma experiences the condition differently - the underlying causes, symptoms and triggers of asthma, and how they respond to treatment are all different for each individual. This makes it very hard to put asthma into exact categories, but if you have asthma, knowing the different terms is useful. It can help you to understand more about your own condition, what treatment you may need and how you can manage your asthma better.
Your asthma can be defined as one or more of the types below. So, for example, if you have hay fever which triggers asthma symptoms that don't respond to the usual asthma medicines, it could be said that you have severe, seasonal asthma. Occupational asthma. Occupational asthma is asthma that's caused directly by the work you do. You might have occupational asthma if: your asthma symptoms started as an adultyour childhood asthma symptoms have returned since you started working in a particular place, such as a bakery, laboratory or car manufacturing plantyou have other symptoms that can be linked to occupational asthma such as rhinitis (sneezing, itchy, runny nose) or conjunctivitis (itchy, red, and inflamed eyes)your asthma (and any other) symptoms improve on the days you're not at workyour symptoms get worse after work, or disturb your sleep after work. If you think you may have occupational asthma, book an appointment to see your GP or an asthma nurse as soon as possible so you can get a diagnosis and treatment, and talk about ways to manage your symptoms.
Difficult to control and severe asthma. About 1. 7 per cent of people with asthma have difficulty breathing almost all of the time and may often have potentially life- threatening asthma attacks. These people fall into two groups, although sometimes it can be tricky for a healthcare professional to work out which group they're in. They either have: Group 1: Symptoms that can be treated with the right care.
About 1. 2 per cent have symptoms that will respond to the usual asthma medicines - they may just need the right support and care to understand why their asthma is not well controlled. They have difficult to control asthma. It is possible for them to live a symptom- free life, if they: get the right support from their GP, asthma nurse or an asthma consultant if they're referred for more testsknow how to take their asthma medicines correctly so they receive the full dose, and take all their medicines exactly as prescribedare helped to learn how to spot and cope with all their asthma triggersget any other conditions that impact their asthma diagnosed and treated.
Group 2: Symptoms that don't respond to the usual asthma medicines. Wii Party Games For Adults. About five per cent have symptoms that don't respond to the usual asthma medicines. They are usually referred to a specialist asthma care for their ongoing care and treatment because their asthma is more complex. They have severe asthma. The words 'difficult', 'brittle' and 'refractory' have also been used to describe this kind of asthma in the past, but now most people refer to it as 'severe' asthma.
Within this group there are also different types of severe asthma. For example, eosinophilic asthma is a type of severe asthma which affects about half of all those with severe asthma. Usually affecting adults, the inflammation caused by eosinophilic asthma is unrelated to allergies or allergic triggers. New treatments have been developed which target this type of severe asthma. Adult onset asthma. You might think of asthma as a condition that starts in childhood.
But it's also quite common for people to be diagnosed with asthma for the first time when they're an adult. This is known as 'adult onset asthma' or 'late onset asthma'. This type of asthma is more common in women than in men. Why have I developed asthma now? It's difficult to say for sure what causes asthma in anyone, and we don’t know for certain why some people develop it in adulthood.
But there are some factors that may be linked: Research shows that between nine and 1. Nursing, painting and farming are among the occupations that have been linked. You can read more on our occupational asthma page. Smoking and secondhand smoke can raise your risk over time. Obesity might increase your chances of adult onset asthma, although the link isn’t straightforward. Female hormones can be linked to adult- onset asthma and may be one of the reasons women are more likely than men to develop it. Stressful life events, such as family illness and relationship problems, can increase your risk of adult onset asthma. And some research has found people with very stressful jobs are 5.
What's different about adult- onset asthma? In older people, symptoms of asthma are less likely to be triggered by allergies, such as house dust mites, animals and pollen.
Asthma: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment. Asthma is a chronic condition in which the airways that carry air to the lungs are inflamed and narrowed. Inflamed airways are very sensitive, and they tend to react to things in the environment called triggers, such as substances that are inhaled. When the airways react, they swell and narrow even more, and also produce extra mucus, all of which make it harder for air to flow to the lungs. The muscles around the airways also tighten, which further restricts air flow. Asthma symptoms. When the airways react to asthma triggers, people can experience what's called an asthma flare- up or asthma attack.
Symptoms of an asthma attack include: coughing, chest tightness, wheezing and trouble breathing, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Some people have mild asthma symptoms, or only experience asthma symptoms in response to certain activities like exercising. Other people have more serve and frequent symptoms, which may need treatment with medication. What causes asthma? The underlying cause of asthma is not known, but it's thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
People with asthma may have genetic risk factors that make them more susceptible to the disease, and certain environmental factors, such as exposure to allergens or certain viral infections in infancy, may increase the risk of developing the disease, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Symptoms of asthma can be caused by triggers. Common asthma triggers include: tobacco smoke, dust mites, air pollution, pollen, mold, respiratory infections, physical activity, cold air and allergic reactions to some foods. Asthma diagnosis. Asthma shows up in different ways in different people, said Dr. David Beuther, of the Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine at National Jewish Health Hospital in Denver. People sometimes first discover they have asthma because they have a persistent cough or wheeze and shortness of breath that won't go away, which brings them to the doctor, Beuther said.
Asthma can sometimes be missed because people think they are just getting frequent colds or other respiratory infections, but they actually have poorly controlled asthma, Beuther said. A patient who has frequent chest colds probably needs to be evaluated for asthma, he said. In other cases, people are misdiagnosed with asthma when they actually don't have the condition, Beuther said. For example, people with obesity can have symptoms that mimic asthma, he said, because extra weight can make the chest stiffer and heavier, which in turn makes breathing more difficult. People with acid reflux or nasal allergies can also have symptoms that mimic asthma, he said. To diagnose asthma, doctors perform a lung function test called spirometry, to see if there's a problem with the way the lungs are working, Beuther said.
This test measures how much air people are able to blow out of the lungs, and how quickly they do this, according to the American Lung Association. Asthma treatment. There is no cure for asthma.
People who experience asthma symptoms should speak with their doctor about how to best treat and manage their condition. Managing asthma usually involves avoiding asthma triggers, and taking medications to prevent or treat symptoms.
The goal of asthma therapy is for the patient to be symptom- free, Beuther said. We want you to be able to do what you want to do, without limitation," and with the fewest side effects from treatment, Beuther said.
People] feel like they have to suffer through symptoms, but our goal is to eliminate or nearly eliminate symptoms," he said. Asthma medication. There are two types of medications to treat asthma: quick- relief medications and long- term medications. Quick- relief medications provide relief from acute asthma symptoms. A common quick- relief medication is inhaled short- acting beta. People with asthma should have a quick- relief inhaler with them at all times to case they need it, according to the NHLBI. Long- term medications are typically taken daily to help prevent asthma symptoms from starting in the first place.
A common medication is inhaled corticosteroids, which reduce airway inflammation and make airways less sensitive. Other long- term medications include omalizumab, a shot given one or two times a month to prevent the body from reacting to asthma triggers, and inhaled long- acting beta. NHLBI. If patients are taking long- term medications, they should meet with their doctor frequently to assess how well the medications are working, or if the dose needs to be adjusted, Beuther said.
It's important that people who are taking long- term medications do not suddenly stop taking the medications if they feel well, because symptoms can return, Beuther said. People who consistently take their medication end up taking less over the long term because their condition improves, and the dose can be lowered, he said. Childhood asthma.