Disease Types Canine Liver Disease Foundation. Home / Archive by category 'Disease Types'. Mature Women Dating Miami. Trauma. Animals that receive a severe and blunt blow to the front of the abdomen can suffer from liver disease. The most common cause of this type of blow is being hit by a car. A liver lobe can be fractured and bleed into the abdomen, even leading to death. A more common occurrence is a bruise (contusion) that heals itself.
Heatstroke, diaphragmatic hernia and liver lobe torsion can also cause liver problems. Pancreatitis. The severe inflammatory process that occurs with digestive enzymes can spill over into the liver and cause severe disease. The close proximity of the pancreas to the liver and the bile ducts results in some degree of hepatitis whenever there is a case of pancreatic inflammation. Treat the pancreatitis and the liver disease will regress. Anemia. Hemolytic anemia can decrease the oxygen available to liver cells and lead to their death. An inflamed liver is called hepatitis.
Trauma can cause this, along with drugs, viruses, bacteria, bile, and toxins. Infectious Hepatitis.
WebMD examines the possible causes of an enlarged spleen, symptoms to be aware of, and treatments that can help. Gallstones and Gallbladder Disease You Really Can Keep your Gallbladder! Kidney disease, in the form of Chronic Renal Failure (CRF), also called Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), is a common problem in older cats. I have seen natural kidney.
Typically caused by either an adenovirus or a herpes virus. Transferred from dog to dog by oral contact and ingestion. Usually only causes a transient non specific illness characterized by lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea and fever. Sometimes develops into a full blown case of severe hepatitis with many of the symptoms previously noted.
Information on diseases, conditions, test, and procedures. Biblioteca de salud en español. LiverSupport.com - The most up-to-date, comprehensive information on liver diseases, news, liver healthy recipes, & high-quality liver supplements and more. Adults with excessive fat in the liver or NAFLD, which can lead to more serious liver disease.
Treatment is geared to support while the body fights off the bug. Prevention is by vaccination. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi can all cause liver disease. Since bacterial infection is common in many liver problems it is routine to use antibiotics when treating liver problems. Specific diseases include Infectious canine Hepatitis, canine Herpesvirus, Leptospirosis, abscesses, histoplasmosis, coccidiomycosis, and Toxoplasmosis. Several bacterial causes of hepatitis are known. Treatment is based on a proper diagnoses and appropriate antibiotic use.
There is good proof that the bacteria is a normal inhabitant of the liver and only becomes a problem when the liver is injured form other causes. There are notable exceptions.*Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection common in wildlife and transferable to domestic animals andpeople through contaminated water. Dangerous, possible fatal, but the vaccine is quite good for prevention. Certain parasites will infect the liver. Typically the likelihood of parasitic infestation depends on the area you live in. Diagnosis is often based on symptoms, fecal examination, and standard diagnostic techniques for liver disease. Treatment is the use of appropriate parasiticides.
Chronic Hepatitis*Copper storage Diseases. Primarily found in Bedlington Terriers, Doberman Pinschers, and.
West Highland White Terriers. These are all genetically inherited diseaseswhich result in abnormal and toxic levels of copper to be stored inthe liver.
The course of the disease is variable, some presenting withacute hepatitis, many presenting in end stage cirrhosis of the liver. Diagnosis is based on liver biopsy. Treatment requires the use of copperbinding drugs, anti inflammatory to decrease liver inflammation, dietarymodification to limit copper uptake. Chronic Active Hepatitis. In humans there is a chronic form of hepatitis characterized by chronic elevation of liver enzymes and biopsy samples showing scarring and active inflammation.
The underlying cause for this entity falls into one of three categories: viral induced, toxin induced, and immune mediated. There is some question as to whether a similar syndrome exists in dogs. There has been cases which did show chronic elevation of the liver enzymes over weeks to months), symptoms characteristic of liver disease ill defined malaise), and a response of anti inflammatory treatment to limit the ongoing inflammation and scarring of the liver. At this time recommendationsfor treatment are that moderate or intermittent disease should only receive supportive therapy or basic nursing, while deteriorating chronic cases should receive steroid based anti inflammatory.
If the case shows poor response, biopsies should be referred to a pathologist for evaluation in an attempt to find the underlying cause. In some cases it may be necessary to use strong immune suppressant drugs to stop the destruction of the liver. Hepatoportalfibrosis. Disease primarily of the blood supply to the liver.
Diagnosed by very specialized radiograph techniques which measure and visualize the blood flow through the liver; Biopsy critical for diagnosing locationof lesion. Heartworms. These worms can block blood flow into the liver and cause liver failure. Any disease that can cause failure of the right side of the heart can also cause liver problems. Toxins. Primary disease is caused by the ingestion, injection, or inhalation of a toxic substance which adversely affects the liver.
Due to the central nature of the liver with regards to detoxification of chemicals, it is no surprise that many are harmful to the liver.
Glycogen storage disease type IGlycogen storage disease type I (GSD I) or von Gierke disease, is the most common of the glycogen storage diseases. This genetic disease results from deficiency of the enzymeglucose- 6- phosphatase, and has an incidence in the American population of approximately 1 in 5. Speed Dating In Portland Or on this page.
The deficiency impairs the ability of the liver to produce free glucose from glycogen and from gluconeogenesis. Since these are the two principal metabolic mechanisms by which the liver supplies glucose to the rest of the body during periods of fasting, it causes severe hypoglycemia and results in increased glycogen storage in liver and kidneys. Both organs function normally in childhood, but are susceptible to a variety of problems in adult years. Other metabolic derangements include lactic acidosis and hyperlipidemia.
Frequent or continuous feedings of cornstarch or other carbohydrates are the principal treatment. Other therapeutic measures may be needed for associated problems. The disease was named after German doctor Edgar von Gierke.PresentationClinical manifestations result, directly or indirectly, frominability to maintain an adequate blood glucose level during the post- absorptive hours of each dayorgan changes due to glycogen accumulationexcessive lactic acid generationdamage to tissue from hyperuricemiain GSD Ib, bleeding and infection risk from blood cell effects.
HypoglycemiaHypoglycemia is the central clinical problem, the one that is most damaging, and the one that most often prompts the initial diagnosis. Maternal glucose transferred across the placenta prevents hypoglycemia in a fetus with GSD I, but the liver is enlarged with glycogen at birth. The inability to generate and release glucose soon results in hypoglycemia, and occasionally in lactic acidosis fulminant enough to appear as a primary respiratory problem in the newborn period. Neurological manifestations are less severe than if the hypoglycemia were more acute. The brain's habituation to mild hypoglycemia is at least partly explained by use of alternative fuels, primarily lactate. More commonly, infants with GSD I tolerate without obvious symptoms a chronic, mild hypoglycemia, and compensated lactic acidosis between feedings. Blood glucose levels are typically 2.
M). These infants continue to need oral carbohydrates every few hours. Many never sleep through the night even in the second year of life.
They may be pale, clammy, and irritable a few hours after a meal. Developmental delay is not an intrinsic or inevitable effect of glucose- 6- phosphatase deficiency but is common if the diagnosis is not made in early infancy. Although mild hypoglycemia for much of the day may go unsuspected, the metabolic adaptations described above make severe hypoglycemic episodes, with unconsciousness or seizure, uncommon before treatment. Episodes which occur are likely to happen in the morning before breakfast. GSD I is therefore a potential cause of ketotic hypoglycemia in young children. Once the diagnosis has been made, the principal goal of treatment is to maintain an adequate glucose level and prevent hypoglycemia. Hepatomegaly and liver problemsImpairment of glycogenolysis also causes the characteristic enlargement of the liver (hepatomegaly) due to accumulation of glycogen.
Glycogen also accumulates in kidneys and small intestine. Hepatomegaly, usually without enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly), begins to develop in fetal life and is usually noticeable in the first few months of life. By the time the child is standing and walking, the hepatomegaly may be severe enough to cause the abdomen to protrude.
The liver edge is often at or below the level of the umbilicus. Other liver functions are usually spared, and liver enzymes and bilirubin are usually normal. Glucose- 6- phosphatase deficiency increases the risk of hepatic adenoma. There is some evidence that metabolic control of the disease is a factor.Lactic acidosisImpaired gluconeogenesis results in elevations of lactic acid (4–1. M) even when the child is well. In an episode of metabolic decompensation, lactic acid levels abruptly rise and can exceed 1. M, producing severe metabolic acidosis.
Uric acid, ketoacids, and free fatty acids further increase the anion gap. Manifestations of severe metabolic acidosis include vomiting and hyperpnea, which can exacerbate hypoglycemia by reducing oral intake. Repeated episodes of vomiting with hypoglycemia and dehydration may occur in infancy and childhood, precipitated by (or mimicking) infections such as gastroenteritis or pneumonia. Growth failureWithout treatment, growth failure is common, due to chronically low insulin levels, persistent acidosis, chronic elevation of catabolic hormones, calorie insufficiency, and/or malabsorption. Hyperlipidemia and blood vessel effectsA secondary effect of low insulin levels is hypertriglyceridemia. Triglycerides in the 4. Cholesterol is only mildly elevated.