Drug. Facts: Substance Abuse in the Military. Members of the armed forces are not immune to the substance use problems that affect the rest of society. Although illicit drug use is lower among U. S. military personnel than among civilians, heavy alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, are much more prevalent and are on the rise.
News, sports, features, obituaries, advertising, and special online features from the city's daily newspaper. Mental Health Problems in Returning Veterans. Service members may carry the psychological and physical wounds of their military experience with them into subsequent. The Bureau of Labor Statistics is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics.
The stresses of deployment during wartime and the unique culture of the military account for some of these differences. Zero- tolerance policies and stigma pose difficulties in identifying and treating substance use problems in military personnel, as does lack of confidentiality that deters many who need treatment from seeking it. Those with multiple deployments and combat exposure are at greatest risk of developing substance use problems. They are more apt to engage in new- onset heavy weekly drinking and binge drinking, to suffer alcohol- and other drug- related problems, and to have greater prescribed use of behavioral health medications. They are also more likely to start smoking or relapse to smoking.
Limestone College is an accredited, independent, liberal arts college located in Gaffney, South Carolina with extended campus locations in Charleston, Columbia. Original Article. Constrictive Bronchiolitis in Soldiers Returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Matthew S. King, M.D., Rosana Eisenberg, M.D., John H. Newman, M.D.
Illicit and Prescription Drugs. According to the 2. Department of Defense (Do.
D) Survey of Health Related Behaviors among Active Duty Military Personnel, just 2. Among those age 1. A policy of zero tolerance for drug use among Do. D personnel is likely one reason why illicit drug use has remained at a low level in the military for 2 decades.
The policy was instituted in 1. However, in spite of the low level of illicit drug use, abuse of prescription drugs is higher among service members than among civilians and is on the increase. In 2. 00. 8, 1. 1 percent of service members reported misusing prescription drugs, up from 2 percent in 2. Most of the prescription drugs misused by service members are opioid pain medications. Mental Health Problems in Returning Veterans.
Service members may carry the psychological and physical wounds of their military experience with them into subsequent civilian life. In one study, one in four veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan reported symptoms of a mental or cognitive disorder; one in six reported symp- toms of post- traumatic stress disor- der (PTSD).
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These disorders are strongly associated with substance abuse and dependence, as are other problems experienced by returning military personnel, including sleep disturbances, traumatic brain injury, and violence in relationships. Young adult veterans are particularly likely to have substance use or other mental health problems.
According to a report of veterans in 2. The greater availability of these medications and increases in prescriptions for them may contribute to their growing misuse by service members. Pain reliever prescriptions written by military physicians quadrupled between 2. Combat- related injuries and the strains from carrying heavy equipment during multiple deployments likely play a role in this trend. Drinking and Smoking.
Alcohol use is also higher among men and women in military service than among civilians. Almost half of active duty service members (4.
In 2. 00. 8, 2. 0 percent of military personnel reported binge drinking every week in the past month; the rate was considerably higher—2. In 2. 00. 8, 3. 0 percent of all service members were current cigarette smokers—comparable to the rate for civilians (2. However, as with alcohol use, smoking rates are significantly higher among personnel who have been exposed to combat. Suicides and Substance Use. Suicide rates in the military were traditionally lower than among civilians in the same age range, but in 2.
U. S. Army began to climb, surpassing the civilian rate in 2. Substance use is involved in many of these suicides. The 2. 01. 0 report of the Army Suicide Prevention Task Force found that 2. Army suicides from fiscal year (FY) 2. FY 2. 00. 9 involved alcohol or drug use; and in 2.
Addressing the Problem. Shower Sling For Adults. A 2. 01. 2 report prepared for the Do. D by the Institute of Medicine (IOM Report) recommended ways of addressing the problem of substance use in the military, including increasing the use of evidence- based prevention and treatment interventions and expanding access to care. The report recommends broadening insurance coverage to include effective outpatient treatments and better equipping healthcare providers to recognize and screen for substance use problems so they can refer patients to appropriate, evidence- based treatment when needed.
It also recommends measures like limiting access to alcohol on bases. The IOM Report also notes that addressing substance use in the military will require increasing confidentiality and shifting a cultural climate in which drug problems are stigmatized and evoke fear in people suffering from them. Branches of the military have already taken steps to curb prescription drug abuse.
Allergy Facts AAFA. An allergy is when your immune system reacts to a foreign substance, called an allergen. It could be something you eat, inhale into your lungs, inject into your body or touch.
This reaction could cause coughing, sneezing, itchy eyes, a runny nose and a scratchy throat. In severe cases, it can cause rashes, hives, low blood pressure, breathing trouble, asthma attacks and even death. There is no cure for allergies. You can manage allergies with prevention and treatment.
More Americans than ever say they suffer from allergies. It is among the country’s most common, but overlooked, diseases. How Many People Do Allergies Affect? Researchers think nasal allergies affect about 5. United States. 4.
Allergies are increasing. They affect as many as 3. Allergies are the 6th leading cause of chronic illness in the U.
S. 1. How Many People Get Sick from Allergies? Allergic conditions are the most common health issues affecting children in the U. S. 1. 1In 2. 01. 5, 8. People visit the emergency room about 2. Almost 1. 0,0. 00 people stay in the hospital each year because of food allergies.
How Many People Die from Allergies? The most common triggers for anaphylaxis, a life- threatening reaction, are medicines, food and insect stings. Medicines cause the most allergy related deaths.
African- Americans and the elderly have the deadliest reactions to medicines, food or unknown allergens. What Are the Costs of Allergies? Annual cost of allergies exceeds $1. Food allergies cost about $2. What Are Indoor and Outdoor Allergies? Types of indoor and outdoor allergies include sinus swelling, seasonal and returning allergies, hay fever and nasal allergies. Many people with allergies often have more than one type of allergy.
The most common indoor/outdoor allergy triggers are: tree, grass and weed pollen, mold spores, dust mites, cockroaches, and cat, dog and rodent dander. Immunotherapy (allergy shots) helps reduce hay fever symptoms in about 8. Allergic rhinitis affects 6. In 2. 01. 5, white children were more likely to have hay fever than African- American children.
The same triggers for indoor/outdoor allergies also often cause eye allergies. Skin allergies include skin inflammation, eczema, hives, chronic hives and contact allergies. Plants like poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are the most common skin allergy triggers. But skin contact with cockroaches and dust mites, certain foods or latex may also cause skin allergy symptoms. In 2. 01. 5, 8. 8 million children had skin allergies. Children age 0- 4 are most likely to have skin allergies. In 2. 01. 5, African- American children in the U.
S. were more likely to have skin allergies than white children. Children have food allergies more often than adults. Eight foods cause most food allergy reactions. They are milk, soy, eggs, wheat, peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. Peanut is the most common allergen followed by milk and shelfish.
In 2. 01. 5, 4. 2 million children in the US have food allergies. In 2. 01. 4, 5. 4% of US children under age 1.
Penicillin is the most common allergy trigger for those with drug allergies. Up to 1. 0 percent of people report being allergic to this common antibiotic. Bad drug reactions may affect 1. These reactions affect up to 2. About 1 percent of people in the U.
S. have a latex allergy. Health care workers are becoming more concerned about latex allergies. About 8- 1. 2 percent of health care workers will get a latex allergy. People who have insect allergies are often allergic to bee and wasp stings and poisonous ant bites. Cockroaches and dust mites may also cause nasal or skin allergy symptoms.
Insect sting allergies affect 5 percent of the population. At least 9. 0- 1. United States due to insect sting reactions. References American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Allergy Facts. http: //acaai. Retrieved September 1. CDC. National Center for Health Statistics.
Fast. Stats: Allergies and Hay Fever. Retrieved September 1.
American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. Allergy Statistics. http: //www. Retrieved September 1. Wood R, Camargo C, Lieberman P, etc.
Anaphylaxis in America: the prevalence and characteristics of anaphylaxis in the United States. J Allergy Clin Immunol. Feb 2. 01. 4; 1. 33(2): 4. Doi: 1. 0. 1. 01.
Retrieved August 1. Einstein. Anaphylaxis Research: Comprehensive Study of Allergic Deaths in US Finds Medications are Main Culprit. Sept 2. 01. 4. http: //www. Retrieved August 1. Gupta R, Holdford D, Bilaver L, etc.
The economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States. Jama Pediatr. 2. 01. Nov; 1. 67(1. 10): 1. Doi: 1. 0. 1. 00.
Retrieved September 1. American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. PENICILLIN ALLERGY FAQ. https: //www. Retrieved September 1. CDC. Gateway to Health Communication and Social Marketing Practice. Latex Allergy. 2.
Retrieved April 8 2. American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. The Rise of Deadly Insect Sting Allergies: Is There a Cure? August 2. 01. 3. http: //acaai.
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