Migraine - Wikipedia. Migraine. Person having a migraine headache. Specialty. Neurology. Symptoms. Headaches, nausea, sensitivity to lightUsual onset. Around pubertyDuration. Recurrent, long termCauses. Environmental and geneticRisk factors.
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Family history, femaleSimilar conditions. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, venous thrombosis, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, brain tumor, tension headache, sinusitis,cluster headachePrevention. Metoprolol, valproate, topiramateMedication. Ibuprofen, paracetamol (acetaminophen), triptans, ergotaminesFrequency~1. A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from two to 7. Associated symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is generally made worse by physical activity.[1. Up to one- third of people have an aura: typically a short period of visual disturbance which signals that the headache will soon occur.[1.
Number: 0650. Policy. Aetna considers polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing medically necessary for the following indications (not an all-inclusive list). Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that accounts for 0.3-1.3% NHL cases in Australia.
The "Maitland" was recorded as a Blackwall Frigate, built at the Blackwall Shipyard in Calcutta in 1810 under instructions from shipowner Joseph Somes. Factsheets on many insect-borne illnesses. A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are.
Occasionally, an aura can occur with little or no headache following it.[1. Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors. About two- thirds of cases run in families. Changing hormone levels may also play a role, as migraines affect slightly more boys than girls before puberty and two to three times more women than men.[1. The risk of migraines usually decreases during pregnancy. The underlying mechanisms are not fully known.[1. It is, however, believed to involve the nerves and blood vessels of the brain.Initial recommended treatment is with simple pain medication such as ibuprofen and paracetamol (acetaminophen) for the headache, medication for the nausea, and the avoidance of triggers. Specific medications such as triptans or ergotamines may be used in those for whom simple pain medications are not effective.Caffeine may be added to the above.[1. A number of medications are useful to prevent attacks including metoprolol, valproate, and topiramate.Globally, approximately 1. It most often starts at puberty and is worst during middle age. In some women they become less common following menopause.[1. An early description consistent with migraines is contained in the Ebers papyrus, written around 1.
BCE in ancient Egypt.[1. The word "migraine" is from the Greek ἡμικρανία (hemikrania), "pain on one side of the head",[1. Signs and symptomsMigraines typically present with self- limited, recurrent severe headache associated with autonomic symptoms.[1. About 1. 5–3. 0% of people with migraines experience migraines with an aura[2. The severity of the pain, duration of the headache, and frequency of attacks are variable. A migraine lasting longer than 7.
There are four possible phases to a migraine, although not all the phases are necessarily experienced: [1. The prodrome, which occurs hours or days before the headache.
The aura, which immediately precedes the headache. The pain phase, also known as headache phase.
The postdrome, the effects experienced following the end of a migraine attack. Prodrome phaseProdromal or premonitory symptoms occur in about 6. School Girl Costume Ideas Adults more. These symptoms may include a wide variety of phenomena,[2. This may occur in those with either migraine with aura or migraine without aura.[2.
Aura phaseAn aura is a transient focal neurological phenomenon that occurs before or during the headache. Auras appear gradually over a number of minutes and generally last less than 6. Symptoms can be visual, sensory or motor in nature and many people experience more than one.[2. Visual effects occur most frequently; they occur in up to 9. Vision disturbances often consist of a scintillating scotoma (an area of partial alteration in the field of vision which flickers and may interfere with a person's ability to read or drive). These typically start near the center of vision and then spread out to the sides with zigzagging lines which have been described as looking like fortifications or walls of a castle.[2.
Usually the lines are in black and white but some people also see colored lines.[2. Some people lose part of their field of vision known as hemianopsia while others experience blurring.[2. Sensory aurae are the second most common type; they occur in 3. Often a feeling of pins- and- needles begins on one side in the hand and arm and spreads to the nose–mouth area on the same side.[2. Numbness usually occurs after the tingling has passed with a loss of position sense.[2. Other symptoms of the aura phase can include speech or language disturbances, world spinning, and less commonly motor problems.[2.
Motor symptoms indicate that this is a hemiplegic migraine, and weakness often lasts longer than one hour unlike other auras.[2. Auditory hallucinations or delusions have also been described.[2.
Voyage to Australia in 1. The "Maitland" was recorded as a Blackwall Frigate. Blackwall Shipyard in Calcutta in 1. Joseph Somes. It measured 1. In the terminology of the Navy of Charles II, frigates were third or fourth rate ships, based.
The "Maitland" was converted to barque rigging for its. Australia with emigrants in 1.
The ship was chartered under Admiralty control, and the charter organisers were able to cram 2. Ship's Master Marshall Baker and Surgeon John Smith.
Most. passengers were being "assisted" to emigrate from England by their Parishes. Five Pounds in sponsorship in order to remove their commitment. Most of the emigrant families came from south- eastern England, notably. Kent and East Sussex. Added to the crowded and unhygienic conditions, the. I have noted the following ships also carried emigrants from Sussex and.
Kent to Australia during the period 1. Argyle; Augusta Jessie; Cornwall; Coromandel; Duchess of Northumberland. Florist; James Laing; James Pattison; Lady Nugent; Lady Raffles; Moffatt. Morayshire; Neptune; Palmyra; Prince Regent; Roxburgh Castle; Westminster. William Metcalf and the Woodbridge. It is recorded that the "Maitland" made other voyages up until 1. Sydney (1. 84. 0).
Norfolk Island (1. Hobart (1. 84. 6), and then with Bounty passengers to Port Phillip (1.
Van Dieman's. Land (1. In his book The Convict Ships, 1. Charles Bateson states (p. Maitland" made its last voyage as a convict ship in 1. Steve Thomas' web site (www. On this particular voyage, the "Maitland" departed from Gravesend, which is on the southern bank of the Thames, in Kent, just west of the river's mouth.
It raised anchor on 2. June 1. 83. 8, and newspaper reports show that it arrived in Sydney, Australia on the night of Monday 5 November 1. However, the Ship's Log records the date of arrival as 6 November 1. Captain not formally reporting to the harbour authority until the following morning (office hours?). Due to presence of disease on board, the ship was placed in quarantine at Manly Cove, some passengers and crew on board and some "under canvas" on shore. They could not be accommodated at Sydney's North Head Quarantine Station in Spring Cove, due to the fact that the passengers of the ship "William Roger" filled the available spaces in that area, and the groups had to be kept separate. The passengers and crew of the "Maitland" were dispersed from quarantine as soon as they were assessed as not being infected.
A paragraph from Richards,R et al: VISIBLE IMMIGRANTS (ANU Canberra 1. Upon the arrival of each ship, the Surgeon Superintendent, the official responsible not only for immigrant health on board, but also for general discipline, was required to submit a series of returns, two of which related to individuals: a return indicating where those single men or families who left the ship "without entering into formal agreements" were going to reside or work; and a copy of all formal agreements made between employers and immigrants. Similar copies were also kept for those single females who were hired from the Immigrant Barracks or the Depot at Hyde Park.