Skin Changes. One of the earlier signs of possible liver problems include sudden skin changes. This could be a discoloring in the skin that holds a yellowish hue.
Commonly Misdiagnosed Conditions in Older Adults Certain diseases are often mistaken for others. Know the differences. The signs and symptoms of dehydration in adults range from minor to severe. Mild to moderate dehydration may include the following: Increased thirst. Holiday Pjs Adults there. Worried about diabetes in you or a loved one? Here are the early signs & symptoms of diabetes. See if you should speak with your doctor about diabetes. Learn how to prevent dehydration in babies, how to spot dehydration in your baby, and when to get medical help.
Fall 2010. Defeating Dehydration — Patient Monitoring Is Key By Maura Keller Aging Well Vol. 3 No. 4 P. 24. For most adults, dehydration is a problem with. Jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia in adults is caused by an underlying disease or condition. Some of the symptoms of jaundice include yellowing of the whites of the eyes. Leusden Journal Afraid of Falling? For Older Adults, the Dutch Have a Cure. The Dutch, like people elsewhere, are living longer than in previous generations.
Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Stay Hydrated. The body's initial responses to dehydration are thirst to increase water intake along with decreased urine output to try to conserve water. The urine will become concentrated and more yellow in color. As the level of water loss increases, more symptoms can become apparent, such as increased thirst, dry mouth, cessation of tear production by the eyes, cessation of sweating , muscle cramps, nausea and vomiting, heart palpitations, and lightheadedness (especially when standing). With severe dehydration, confusion and weakness will occur as the brain and other body organs receive less blood.
Finally, coma and organ failure will occur if the dehydration remains untreated. Symptoms Low Temperature Adults.
Signs, symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention Dehydration happens when more fluid is lost by the body than is replaced by drinking liquids. The risk of dehydration increases in hot weather and because of severe vomiting or diarrhoea. Symptoms of dehydration can range from mild to life- threatening.
You can help prevent dehydration by drinking enough fluids. There are no official guidelines for how much to drink, but some studies have suggested 1. Symptoms of dehydration in adults. The signs and symptoms of dehydration range from minor to severe. Causes of dehydration in adults. Many conditions may cause rapid and continued fluid losses and lead to dehydration: High temperature, heat exposure, and too much exercise Vomiting, diarrhoea, and increased urination due to infection.
Diseases such as diabetes. The inability to seek appropriate water and food (an infant or disabled person, for example)An impaired ability to drink (someone in a coma or on a ventilator, or a sick infant who cannot suck on a bottle are common examples)No access to safe drinking water. Significant injuries to skin, such as burns or mouth sores, or severe skin diseases or infections (water is lost through the damaged skin)When to seek medical care. Seek medical advice if the person experiences any of the following: Increased or constant vomiting for more than a day. Temperature over 3. C (1. 01. F) that doesn't settle with temperature- lowering measures and medication Diarrhoea for more than two days.
Unexplained weight loss Decreased urine production. Seek urgent medical advice if these situations occur: Temperature higher than 3. C (1. 03. F) that doesn't settle with temperature- lowering measures and medication.
Confusion. Lethargy. Headache. Seizures. Difficulty breathing. Chest or abdominal pains. Fainting. No urine in the last 1. Examinations and tests. The doctor may perform a variety of simple tests at the examination and send blood or urine samples to the laboratory.
Through tests and examination, the doctor will try to identify the underlying cause or causes that led to the dehydration: Vital signs. High temperature, increased heart rate, decreased blood pressure, and faster breathing are signs of potential dehydration and other illnesses. Taking the pulse and blood pressure while the person is lying down and then after standing up for one minute can help determine the degree of dehydration. Normally, when you have been lying down and then stand up, there is a small drop in blood pressure for a few seconds. The heart rate speeds up, and blood pressure goes back to normal. However, when there is not enough fluid in the blood because of dehydration and the heart rate speeds up, not enough blood is getting to the brain.
The brain senses this condition. The heart beats faster, and if you are dehydrated, you feel dizzy and faint after standing up.
Check Your Symptoms and Signs. Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MDDry skin, medically known as xerosis or xeroderma, is usually a mild condition caused by environmental factors, although dry skin can also result from some common skin ailments. Inherited diseases of the skin known as ichthyoses, while very rare, can also cause disfiguration and excessively dry skin.
Even systemic conditions (conditions that affect the entire body) can lead to dry skin. One example is hypothyroidism, which reduces the activity of the glands that produce skin secretions. Some medications, including retinoids for the skin as well as some antihistamines and diuretics, may have dry skin as a side effect. Dry skin can be associated with symptoms, includingflaking,itching,scaling,dullness,redness,pain.
Dry skin can result from environmental factors such as hot baths/showers, soaps, or detergents. Dry skin is treated with hydrating creams and lotions. If a skin inflammatory condition is associated with dry skin, treatment is directed at the underlying condition. REFERENCE: Kasper, D. L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 1. Ed. United States: Mc.
Graw- Hill Education, 2. Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/1.
Defeating Dehydration — Patient Monitoring Is Key. Defeating Dehydration — Patient Monitoring Is Key. By Maura Keller. Aging Well.
Vol. 3 No. 4 P. 2. For most adults, dehydration is a problem with a quick fix: Grab a glass of water or a sports drink and you’re off.
But for older adults, dehydration is the most common fluid and electrolyte problem and one that can have devastating long- term effects. Identifying the Problem. Dehydration in the older adult population can occur for numerous reasons. From a physiological standpoint, as aging occurs, the water content of our bodies decreases,” says Kelly O’Connor, RD, LDN, CDE, of Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. Research indicates the total body water content of a 7.
For some reason not yet clear, the decline in water content is even greater in elderly women.”As O’Connor explains, people often rely on thirst as a signal for how much to drink. But at an advanced age, this may not be an accurate indicator of the body’s fluid needs. Many older adults deliberately restrict their fluid or beverage intake if they are suffering from incontinence or are embarrassed about having to use the restroom many times a day,” O’Connor says. They also may be confused and/or suffer from dementia and not be able to remember if they’ve consumed any beverages in a given day.” Also, older adults living alone at home or in nursing facilities may not have the mobility to get beverages by themselves and may be embarrassed to ask for help. What’s more, some medications may affect fluid status or intake, and healthcare professionals may be unaware that a patient’s fluid intake has declined. An older adult taking diuretic- type medication and not replacing the extra fluid lost also is at higher risk for dehydration,” O’Connor says. They are more prone to flu and colds, both of which may cause fluid loss that is not easily replenishable.”Signs and symptoms of dehydration in older adults include confusion and weakness, which are among the first symptoms to occur in severe dehydration.
Other symptoms include dark urine, decreased skin elasticity, headache, dry mouth, fatigue and lethargy, a sudden change in blood pressure upon standing up, dizziness, and increased heart rate.“Dehydration also can lead to compromised immune system, constipation, and even death since the organs are mostly water,” says Rebecca Scritchfield, MA, RD, LD, a nutrition and exercise expert specializing in healthy weight management. Organs pull water from the brain, shrinking it and causing headaches. Chronic, persistent dehydration leads to cell death and, without proper rehydration, tissue death.”If the population you are working with includes those with dementia or Alzheimer’s, who are normally confused or forgetful, extra diligence in monitoring for dehydration is necessary. For older adults, healthcare providers should remind them that fluids will decrease pain, keep them more alert, reduce constipation, and keep them out of the hospital.“Chronic dehydration effects include kidney or heart damage, shortness of breath, pain, and tiredness,” says Jennifer Natt, RD, of Daughters of Israel Geriatric Center, a long- term care and rehabilitation facility in West Orange, N.
J. “At Daughters of Israel, we introduce this to new employees at orientation and reinforce it at an annual nursing in- service. The key is prevention.”Prevention Is Paramount. Healthcare providers may not have adequate knowledge of fluid requirements and the signs and symptoms of dehydration. That’s where education and ongoing diligence come in. Healthcare providers should prompt older adults to drink between meals, especially with the cognitively impaired. They can offer beverages that the older adult enjoys,” Natt says.
Water should always be in reach throughout the day.” Also encourage fluid intake while brushing teeth, supervise during meals, and instruct family members and other older adult care providers about strategies to ensure proper fluid intake. Create a schedule for taking fluids, such as care planning. For example, an older adult at risk can drink a cup of a beverage every time he or she urinates. Of course, preventing dehydration in older adults is the result of consistent monitoring. A hydration protocol or regimen should be implemented for any older adults having a history of dehydration or assessed to be at high risk for dehydration,” O’Connor says.
Fluid intake and output may need to be tracked daily and recorded for comparison purposes.”Regularly providing and offering beverages over the course of the day is also essential to preventing dehydration, and a variety of fluids should be offered at all meals, between meals, and at all medication administrations. Older adults also may need adaptive equipment, such as cups with handles, straws, or spouted cups in order to drink.
Ensuring that these items are readily available may help increase their fluid intake.