Music - Wikipedia. Music. A painting on an ancient Greek vase depicts a music lesson (c.
BCE). Medium. Sound, silence, time. Originating culture.
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Various. Originating era. Paleolithic era. Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de- emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; there are solely instrumental pieces, solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment) and pieces that combine singing and instruments.
The word derives from Greekμουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses"). See glossary of musical terminology. In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies, and so on), the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, and the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is often ordered and pleasant to listen to.
However, 2. 0th- century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound."The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of music vary according to culture and social context. Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethoven's Grosse Fugestring quartet in 1. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ranges from strictly organized compositions–such as Classical music symphonies from the 1. Music can be divided into genres (e. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between some early 1. Within the arts, music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art or as an auditory art.
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In the third and final installment of his popular Walking Bass Line Module System instructional series, Todd Johnson expands upon the fundamental components of triad. Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace. Top VIdeos. Warning: Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /srv/users/serverpilot/apps/jujaitaly/public/index.php on line 447. Vol.7, No.3, May, 2004. Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru Hataue and Yosuke.
Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work (a music theater show or opera), or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show. In many cultures, music is an important part of people's way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies (e. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer. The music industry includes the individuals who create new songs and musical pieces (such as songwriters and composers), individuals who perform music (which include orchestra, jazz band and rock band musicians, singers and conductors), individuals who record music (music producers and sound engineers), individuals who organize concert tours, and individuals who sell recordings and sheet music and scores to customers.
Etymology. The word derives from Greekμουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses"). In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the goddesses who inspired literature, science, and the arts and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, song- lyrics, and myths in the Greek culture. According to the Online Etymological Dictionary, the term "music" is derived from "mid- 1. Old Frenchmusique (1. Latin musica "the art of music," also including poetry (also [the] source of Spanish musica, Italian musica, Old High Germanmosica, German Musik, Dutch muziek, Danish musik)." This is derived from the ".. Greek mousike (techne) "(art) of the Muses," from fem. Muses," from Mousa "Muse" (see muse (n.)).
Modern spelling [dates] from [the] 1. In classical Greece, [the term "music" refers to] any art in which the Muses presided, but especially music and lyric poetry."As a form of art or entertainment. Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace.
When music was only available through sheet music scores, such as during the Classical and Romantic eras, music lovers would buy the sheet music of their favourite pieces and songs so that they could perform them at home on the piano. With the advent of sound recording, records of popular songs, rather than sheet music became the dominant way that music lovers would enjoy their favourite songs.
With the advent of home tape recorders in the 1.
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The Hidden Medical Causes of Mental Disorders by William Matteson, Ph. D. Missing The Diagnosis: The Hidden Medical Causes Of Mental Disorders. Learning Objectives. This is an intermediate.
After taking this course, mental health professionals will be. List and. discuss four medical causes of mental disorders. Describe how. mood disorders can be triggered by the immune system.
Explain how. genetic predispositions may increase the probability of mental illnesses. Describe. how medications and polypharmacy may trigger cognitive and emotional. Discuss how. social and emotional malfunctioning may be triggered by toxins in the. List. metabolic disorders and the data supporting them. Discuss. ethical and legal considerations in providing information about. Troubleshoot. mental disorders which have been previously labeled, “treatment. Work. effectively with patients, primary care physicians and psychiatrists.
Course Outline PART I: Underlying Causes. Missing it. The Mind/Body Dilemma. PART II: 8 Important Areas of Evaluation.
Brain Development. The Immune System. Thyroid. Pathogens. Toxins. Clostridium Difficile. Medications. The Endocrine System. Central Nervous System Pathologies. Medical Illnesses Linked to Mental Problems.
References. PART I: Underlying Causes“A number. Conversely, it is possible to fall ill despite living a life of unruffled.
Paul Martin, Ph. D. The Healing Mind.
Since the dawn of civilization, mental illness has fascinated us. In ancient times.
Other. societies believed that these behaviors were due to possession by incubi and. More recent. theories included organ malfunction, such as the belief that hysteria was caused.
Others touted Hippocrates’ imbalance of humors. More. recent theories have included suppressed memory, trauma, poor parenting, and refrigerator. The most wildly held belief of mental maladies today is that they.
For the last. several decades, the field of mental health has been dominated by two major. Up until a. century ago, mental illnesses were diagnosed and treated by medical doctors. It. wasn’t until about 1. Soon afterward, psychotherapy delivered by non- medical professionals began to. Medical. illnesses can cause people to experience a baffling array of emotional.
People suffering from these problems are. If there are accompanying medical problems. In addition, psychological reactions to. Whenever a. patient presents a psychological problem, there is a very real possibility that.
Understanding the role that. Although most patients will not have a causative underlying medical condition. While. psychotherapists should not live in fear of missing an unsuspected medical. This course will. Naturally, it is not. It will, however, lay the groundwork to allow a therapist.
Although not every mental. Missing it“Many. mental hospitals are living museums of undiscovered bodily disease.”FMR Walshe, MD “The more that is understood about how the human mind processes complex information, the more it becomes clear that certain situations are particularly susceptible to less than optimal outcomes because of these errors.”Antoinette Laskey, M. D., M. P. H. Consider this.
A family comes to a psychotherapist for help because the middle child. He refuses to go to bed at night. During the. day, he is hyper- reactive and non- compliant. This often leads to family. As the. therapist works with the family, it becomes clear that the fights are. Although the family.
It is a. baffling situation. Neither the therapist nor the family members are aware that. This medical condition, not his emotional. Without a physical and lab. Although many. psychotherapists are aware of the possibility that underlying physical. As a result, they can easily miss the signs that might lead.
Even. internists and physicians at hospitals often miss the underlying medical causes. Despite advances in medical technology, there. At best, medical. When. the patient's symptoms do not correspond precisely to the reference books or to.
The challenge. of finding potential underlying medical causes is complex. This makes failure. Bias in diagnosis: How We Miss It“The. Helen Le- Niculescu, Ph. D. Searching for causes“We intend to forget the richness of our ignorance – how much we don’t know and how essentially we learned what we do now.“Dan Agin Ph.
D. Biological Psychology. For most. psychotherapists, a good proportion of clients come for help in coping with the. These may include unwanted moods, uncomfortable thoughts. Outpatient. psychotherapy, couples therapy, and family therapy are some of the many. Family therapists routinely work. While psychologists and other mental health professionals in. There is no. doubt that many family therapies and psychotherapies can be useful and.
Family therapy, couples therapy. Although. people may leave therapy feeling better, problems often recur.
Even couples or. families who leave your office thanking you profusely may reappear at your door. People with chronic depression inevitably relapse. These. events suggest that, beneath a presenting problem, may lay an undetected.