French Revolution timeline - 1. This French Revolution timeline lists significant events and developments in the year 1. This timeline has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors. If you would like to suggest an event for inclusion in this timeline please contact Alpha History. January 9th: Paris records its 5.
A summary of The Estates-General: 1789 in History SparkNotes's The French Revolution (1789–1799). Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of. HAPTER THREE The Men Who Caused the French Revolution 1789 In the previous chapter evidence was given to prove how a small group of foreign money-lenders. Find out more about the American Revolution, including milestone battles, events and generals that won our country's independence. Get all the facts on History.com.
France suffers from one of its coldest winters. Reports of orchards dying and food stores spoiling are common.
January 2. 4th: Rules and instructions for electing delegates to the Estates General are finalised and sent out to districts. January: Emmanuel Sieyes publishes What is the Third Estate?, a pamphlet emphasising the importance of France’s common classes and calling for greater political representation. January: Louis XVI orders the drafting and compilation of cahiers de doleances, or ‘books of grievances’. These cahiers are to be presented at the Estates General.
In 1789, the year of the outbreak of the French Revolution, Catholicism was the official religion of the French state. A Dickinson genealogy with some annotations is provided for the family that settled at Plymouth and in Whitpain townships in Montgomery county (then Philadelphia.
February: Elections for delegates to the Estates General commence across France. April 2. 7th: Rumours about wage freezes triggers the Reveillon and Henriot riots in Paris. May 2nd: Delegates to the Estates General are now present at Versailles and are presented to the king at a formal gathering. May 5th: The Estates General opens at Versailles. The opening session is addressed by the king, minister for justice Barentin and Necker, who expresses the king’s desire that voting be conducted by order rather than by head. May 6th: The First Estate (voting 1. Second Estate (voting 1.
The Third Estate refuses to meet separately or vote on the issue. May 2. 7th: Sieyes moves that delegates for the Third Estate affirm their right to political representation. June 4th: Louis XVI’s seven- year- old son, Louis Joseph Xavier, dies of tuberculosis.
His younger brother Louis- Charles becomes Dauphin of France. June 1. 0th: Sieyes proposes that representatives of the First and Second be invited to join the Third Estate, in order to form a national assembly. June 1. 3th: At the Estates General, several delegates from the First Estate cross the floor to join the Third Estate. June 1. 7th: The Third Estate, now joined by some members of the First and Second Estates, vote 4. National Assembly of France. June 2. 0th: After being locked out of its meeting hall, the newly formed National Assembly gathers in a nearby tennis court.
There they take the famous Tennis Court Oath, pledging to remain until a constitution has been passed. June 2. 3rd: At the seance royale, the king delivers a conciliatory speech to the Three Estates and calls on them to return to their separate chambers. He also proposes a reform package to share the taxation burden. The king’s demands are ignored by the National Assembly.
June 2. 4th: More clergymen and nobles, including the Duc d’Orleans, elect to cross the floor and join the National Assembly. June 2. 7th: Louis XVI backs down and orders delegates from the First and Second Estates to join the National Assembly. On advice, he also orders the army to mobilise and gather outside Paris and Versailles. June 2. 7th: A group of commissioners are appointed to reform and standardise France’s system of weights and measures. June 3. 0th: A crowd of 4,0. Seine, freeing dozens of mutinous soldiers. July: Food prices continue to soar, especially in the cities.
In Paris, most workers are spending 8. July 1st: Louis XVI orders the mobilisation of royal troops, particularly around Paris. July 2nd: Public meetings at the Palais Royal express great concern at the troop build- up and the king’s intentions. July 6th: The National Assembly appoints a committee to begin drafting a national constitution.
July 8th: The National Assembly petitions the king to withdraw royal troops from the outskirts of Paris. July 9th: The National Assembly reorganises and formally changes its name to the National Constituent Assembly. July 1. 1th: Jacques Necker is dismissed by the king.
He is replaced by Baron de Breteuil, a conservative nobleman who despises political change. July 1. 1th: Lafayette proposes that France adopt a ‘Declaration of Rights’, based on the American Bill of Rights. July 1. 2th: News of the sacking of Necker reaches Paris and generates outrage and fears of a royal coup. The next two days are marked by demonstrations, riots, attacks on royal officers and soldiers and the sacking of monasteries and chateaux. July 1. 3th: Fearing a royalist military invasion, the people of Paris begin to gather arms. Affluent Parisians vote to form a citizens’ militia, the National Guard.
The role of the National Guard is to protect the city and prevent property damage and theft. July 1. 4th: The Bastille, a large fortress, prison and armoury in eastern Paris, is attacked and stormed by revolutionaries. Several officials are murdered, including de Launay, governor of the Bastille, and de Flesselles, mayor of Paris. July 1. 5th: American Revolutionary War veteran the Marquis de Lafayette is appointed commander of the National Guard.
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The Tennis Court Oath. Detail from David’s painting of the Tennis Court Oath, showing Jean- Sylvian Bailly. Free Dating Sites In London. The swearing of the Tennis Court Oath (in French, Serment du jeu de Paume) is one of the pivotal scenes of the French Revolution. On the morning of June 2. National Assembly gathered to enter the meeting hall at the Hôtel des Menus- Plaisirs at Versailles, only to find the doors locked and guarded by royal troops. Interpreting this as hostile move by the king and his ministers, the National Assembly proceeded to the nearest available space, one of Versailles’ indoor tennis courts. Gathering on the floor of this court, the 5.
Emmanuel Sieyès and administered by Jean- Sylvain Bailly. Together, they pledged to remain assembled until a new national constitution had been drafted and implemente. Like the fall of the Bastille a fortnight later, the Tennis Court Oath became a memorable gesture of revolutionary defiance against the old regime. The prominent artist Jacques- Louis David later immortalised the oath in a dramatic portrait.
The Tennis Court Oath followed several days of tension and confrontation at the Estates General. Frustrated by the procedures of the Estates General, particularly the use of voting by order, the Third Estate spent the first week of June contemplating what action to take. On June 1. 0th Sieyès rose before the Third Estate deputies and proposed inviting deputies from the other Estates to form a representative assembly. This occurred on June 1.
Third Estate, along with several nobles and clergymen, voted 4. National Assembly. This was a clear challenge to royal authority, however it took several days for the king to respond. Following Necker’s advice, Louis scheduled a séance royale (‘royal session’) involving all three Estates on June 2.
There the king planned to unveil reforms aimed at winning the support of moderates, who he believed held the numbers in the Third Estate. The Versailles tennis court where the oath was sworn, as it looks today.
These plans were thwarted by the events of June 2. Historians have long mused over why the doors of the Menus- Plaisirs were locked. Some have suggested it was a deliberate royal tactic, an attempt to stop the Estates meeting before the séance royale. It was more likely to have accidental, a procedural order that assumed the Estates would not meet again until June 2. June 2. 0th was a Saturday).
Whatever the reason, the Third Estate deputies interpreted the barred doors as a hostile act, an indicator of their suspicious mood. They left the Menus- Plaisirs and proceeded to the next open building, the Jeu de Paume, a real tennis court used by Louis XIV. The oath was administered by Jean- Sylvain Bailly and signed by 5. Third Estate. There was one abstention: Joseph Martin d’Auch, the deputy from Castelnaudary, refused to sign the oath on the grounds that it insulted the king. The full text of the oath read: “The National Assembly, considering that it has been summoned to establish the constitution of the kingdom, to effect the regeneration of public order, and to maintain the true principles of monarchy; that nothing can prevent it from continuing its deliberations in whatever place it may be forced to establish itself; and, finally, that wheresoever its members are assembled, there is the National Assembly… It decrees that all members of this Assembly shall immediately take a solemn oath not to separate, and to reassemble wherever circumstances require, until the constitution of the kingdom is established and consolidated upon firm foundations; and that, the said oath taken, all members and each one individually shall ratify this steadfast resolution by signature.”In 1. Jacques- Louis David began preparations for a grand painting to visualise and honour the swearing of the Tennis Court Oath.
While the events of the revolution prevented David from completing the painting, his preliminary engraving (above) survives and provides the best known representation of the events of June 2. The Tennis Court Oath was watched by people in the higher galleries; David consulted these witnesses when deciding on composition and placement. Among the prominent revolutionaries shown in David’s engraving are Isaac Le Chapelier (1); the journalist Bertrand Barère (2); three religious leaders Dom Gerle (3), Henri Grégoire (4) and Jean- Paul Rabaut Saint- Étienne (5); the famous astronomer and later mayor of Paris who administered the oath, Jean- Sylvain Bailly (6); the author of the oath Emmanuel Sieyès (7); the future mayor of Paris Jérôme Pétion (8); Maximilien Robespierre (9); the constitutional monarchists Honore Mirabeau (1. Antoine Barnave (1.
Joseph Martin d’Auch (1. Jacques- Louis David recognised the gravity of the moment and the enthusiasm it released. He caught history in the making. Faces and bodies are frozen in an instant of the highest emotional intensity.
The delegates are possessed by a common mission, which consists in preserving their newly won unity.