Gum Disease: Causes, Prevention, & Treatment of Gum Disease. A professional cleaning by your dentist or dental hygienist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar. By scheduling regular checkups — twice a year — early stage gum disease can be treated before it leads to a much more serious condition. If gum disease is more advanced, scaling and root planning can be performed to treat diseased periodontal pockets and gum infection.
- Toothache refers to pain that occurs in teeth, jaws and gums and caused by a variety of problems such as dental cavities, exposed tooth rot, cracked tooth & gum diseases.
- Read about gum disease (gingivitis) treatment, symptoms, stages, cures, and home remedies. Gum disease symptoms and signs include loose teeth, bad breath, and swollen.
- Untreated periodontal disease like gingivitis and peiodontitis can eventually lead to tooth loss and other health problems.
A dental hygienist uses an ultrasonic scaling device to remove plaque, tartar and food debris above and below the gum line, and hand scales the tooth and root surfaces to make them smooth and disease free. Laser treatments are also sometimes used to remove tartar deposits. If periodontal pockets are more than 5 millimeters deep, that is, if you have moderate to severe periodontitis, gingival flap surgery may be performed by a periodontist to reduce periodontal pockets, as well as bone grafting to restore lost bone.
Gum Disease- Topic Overview. What is gum disease? Gum disease is an infection of the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth. It is also called periodontal disease. There are two types of gum disease: What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by the growth of germs called bacteria on the teeth and gums. Bacteria are present in plaque, a clear, sticky substance that your mouth produces. The bacteria in plaque feed on sugars in the foods you eat and drink and make poisons (toxins) and other chemicals.
When you’re a child, it’s cute. In fact, there’s probably an awkward family photo of you when you were six years old, proudly pushing a loose front tooth with. Real treatment for Receding Gums / Gum Disease. It does not matter if you have one or several of these symptoms. Nature's Smile™ can deal with all of them safely. Gingivitis and periodontitis, two types of gum disease, are fairly common, but can be stopped or their symptoms lessened with effective care. The very best gum disease treatment I have ever tried, it worked for me where antibiotics had failed. I had gingivitis again, and I feared the worst my teeth were.
The toxins irritate your gums, causing them to swell and bleed easily when brushed. In time, plaque can harden into a buildup called calculus or tartar. This irritates the gums even more and causes them to pull away from your teeth. Things that make you more likely to get gum disease include: Not cleaning your teeth well at home and not getting regular dental cleanings. Smoking or chewing tobacco.
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People who use tobacco are much more likely to get gum disease than those who don't. They also have more serious gum disease that leads to tooth loss and is hard to treat. Printable Reading Exercises For Adults. Having gum disease in your family. Having a problem that weakens your immune system, such as a high stress level or a disease like diabetes, AIDS, or leukemia.
Eating a diet that is low in vitamins and minerals, which can weaken your immune system, or high in sugary foods and carbohydrates, which help plaque grow. What are the symptoms? Healthy gums are pink and firm, fit snugly around the teeth, and do not bleed easily. Gingivitis causes: Gums that are red, swollen, and tender. Gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing. Gingivitis usually isn't painful, so you may not notice the symptoms and may not get the treatment you need.
In periodontitis, the symptoms are easier to see, such as: Gums that pull away from the teeth. Bad breath that won't go away. Pus coming from the gums. A change in how your teeth fit together when you bite. Loose teeth. If you think you have gum disease, see your dentist right away.
Early treatment can keep it from getting worse. Continued. How is gum disease diagnosed? To find out if you have gum disease, your dentist or dental hygienist will do an exam to look for: Bleeding gums. Hard buildups of plaque and tartar above and below the gums. Areas where your gums are pulling away or shrinking from your teeth.
Pockets that have grown between your teeth and gums. Your dentist or dental hygienist may take X- rays of your teeth to look for bone damage and other problems. How is it treated? Early treatment of gum disease is very important. It can help prevent permanent gum damage, control infection, and prevent tooth loss.
For treatment to work: Brush your teeth 2 times a day and floss 1 time a day. See your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings. Don't smoke or use any tobacco products. For gingivitis, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help fight the infection. They can be put directly on the gums, swallowed as pills or capsules, or swished around your teeth as mouthwash. Your dentist may also recommend an antibacterial toothpaste that reduces plaque and gingivitis when used regularly.
For periodontitis, your dentist or dental hygienist may clean your teeth using a method called root planing and scaling. This removes the plaque and tartar buildup both above and below the gum line. You may need surgery if these treatments don't control the infection or if you have severe damage to your gums or teeth. Surgery options include: Gingivectomy to get rid of the pockets between the teeth and gums where plaque can build up. A flap procedure to clean the roots of a tooth and repair bone damage.
Extraction to remove loose or very damaged teeth. After surgery, you may need to take antibiotics or other medicines to aid healing and prevent infection. After treatment, keep your mouth disease- free by brushing and flossing to prevent plaque buildup. Your dentist will probably prescribe an antibacterial mouthwash. How can you prevent gum disease? Gum disease is most common in adults, but it can affect anyone, even children.
So good dental habits are important throughout your life. Brush your teeth 2 times a day, in the morning and before bedtime, with a fluoride toothpaste. Floss once each day. Visit your dentist for regular checkups and teeth cleaning. Don't use tobacco products. Web. MD Medical Reference from Healthwise. This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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Symptoms & Treatment of Gum Disease. There are two types of diseases that can affect the gums: gingivitis and periodontitis. Together, gingivitis and periodontitis are referred to as gum disease or periodontal disease. The National Institute of Health defines periodontal (gum) disease as “inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth, including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone).”. Both types of gum diseases are fairly common among adults in the United States and both can be stopped or their symptoms lessened with effective care.
Gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, but without proper treatment it can lead to the more serious periodontitis, according to the Mayo Clinic. It is characterized by red and irritated gums. Gingivitis is quite common, with many people having it to different strengths. Dr. Margaret Culotta- Norton, a dentist in Washington, D. C., and former president of the D. C. Dental Society, reported that about 5. Those at increased risk include anyone with poor dental hygiene, minorities, those who are less educated, smokers, uncontrolled diabetics, older adults, pregnant women, those with decreased immunity, those with poor nutrition, substance abusers and those who do not seek the services of a dental professional often.”.
According to the Mayo Clinic, gingivitis is primarily caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows plaque to build up on teeth. Plaque is an invisible, sticky substance that develops on the teeth when sugars and starches in food interact with normal mouth bacteria. It develops quickly, which is why it is important to brush and floss every day to remove it. The National Institutes of Health warned that if it is not removed, plaque can turn into tartar, a hard deposit at the base of the tooth.
Both plaque and tartar inflame gums and produce bacteria and toxins that cause gums to get infected with gingivitis. In addition to poor oral hygiene, according to the NIH, gingivitis can be caused by. HIV infection. certain medications, including phenytoin (used to control seizures), bismuth (used to treat upset stomach and diarrhea, as in Pepto- Bismol). Furthermore, there is a hormonal component to gingivitis, as changes in hormones can cause greater gum sensitivity. For this reason, pregnant women sometimes get gingivitis and the disease often develops during puberty or young adulthood. Symptoms. Healthy gums are characterized by pale pink color and firmness.
Because gingivitis is usually not painful, many people do not realize that it is present or that they have a problem. According to the Mayo Clinic and the NIH, symptoms include.
Bleeding gums, even with gentle brushing. Tender gums, especially when touched. Bright red, dusky red or purple- red gums. Bad breath. Prevention. The best way to prevent gingivitis is to practice good oral hygiene. The NIH recommends brushing teeth twice a day and flossing at least once a day.
Teeth should be professionally cleaned by a dentist every six months. The NIH also noted that if symptoms are especially bad, dentists may recommend brushing and flossing after every meal and before bed.
They may also recommend plaque- removal devices, such as special toothbrushes, toothpicks and water irrigation tools. Prescribed anti- plaque and anti- tartar toothpastes and rinses can also help. The same teeth as above, after the tartar has been removed during dental treatment.
Credit: botazsolti Shutterstock Treatment. While gingivitis usually gets better after a professional cleaning, if proper oral hygiene is continued at home, Culotta- Norton cautioned, “The condition will come back quickly if the patient is not diligent with their home care and does not seek professional cleanings at least twice per year.”. During a cleaning, the dentist or dental hygienist will remove all plaque and tartar in a process called “scaling,” according to the Mayo Clinic. If the gingivitis is severe and there is deep calculus present the patient may need up to four deep cleanings (scaling and root planing) to get the gingival tissue back to health,” Culotta- Norton told Live Science. The dentist will also discuss fixing misaligned teeth or poorly fitting fillings, crowns or bridges.
Over- the- counter or prescription mouthwashes may also help, Culotta- Norton said, but she emphasized that, while toothpastes and mouthwashes “help to keep the amount of plaque to an acceptable leve l… there are no chemicals or medications that can alone prevent gingivitis.”Periodontitis. If gingivitis is not treated, it may lead to periodontitis — a much more serious disease, warned the NIH. Periodontitis can lead to the destruction of gums, mouth bones, tissue, and teeth. It is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults, according to the NIH. If plaque spreads too much below the gum line, toxins can cause the tissues and bone that support the teeth to break down.