Autism Spectrum Disorder Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological and developmental condition that usually appears during the first three years of life.
Symptoms can range from mild to severe and vary with each individual. For instance, some children may rarely use words to communicate, while others may hold extensive conversations and use rich language. Some children may not like to be hugged or touched, while others seek out and enjoy physical touch. ASD can express itself in different ways, but it's characterized by difficulties with social communication and unusual or repetitive interests and behaviors. Children with mild ASD can have a hard time learning social skills that come easily to other children, such as making eye contact, having back- and- forth conversations, coordinating language with nonverbal communication, or learning through social imitation. Children with severe ASD seem to inhabit their own world — a world that can sometimes seem closed off to relatives and friends. Autism spectrum disorders currently go by many names – autism, Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS).
- These savants all have an autism spectrum disorder, as do around 75% of savants. Of course, not everyone with autism is a savant, and those with autism can face.
- Surrounded by cheerful, talkative 8-year-olds, an autistic child might be non-communicative and uncomfortable with the noise and activity. Autism.
- Can an adult with Aspergers or High Functioning Autism have a meltdown just like a child with the same disorder?
- Autism spectrum disorder is a brain disorder that affects a child's development. It can affect his speech, socialization skills and behavior. Though.
- How Are Autistic Meltdowns Different From Ordinary Temper Tantrums? There's a Good Reason Why They're Called "Meltdowns!".
- The Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) is one of the world's largest organizations using applied behavior analysis (ABA) in the treatment of autism.
- Includes: autism overview, about autism and speech delay, speech therapy for autism, and hope for improving speech skills.
In May 2. 01. 3, the term "Autism Spectrum Disorder" will be adopted by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM- 5), to replace all these names. This reflects the substantial research concluding that all autism spectrum disorders are characterized by marked deficiencies in social interaction and communication, and various behavioral issues, though their individual presentations may vary. One in 8. 8 children in the United States has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including 1 in 5. That makes autism the fastest- growing developmental disability in this country. Though ASD research has advanced significantly in the past decade, it is still not known exactly what causes the disorder. It’s likely that there are multiple causes, and thus multiple “autisms.” For example, several hundred genes have been associated with autism spectrum disorder, and they may interact in a complex manner with each other and with the environment.
We do know that ASD is not caused by psychological factors, parenting behaviors or practices, or vaccines. Research has helped to identify and diagnose ASD at younger ages, resulting in earlier access to specialized early intervention services for children on the autism spectrum.
Researchers at the Center for Autism Research at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia are studying the underlying causes of ASD and using that information to develop more effective treatments for children with the diagnosis. Top Jobs For Older Adults on this page. Although the symptoms of autism vary in severity, there are two major categories: Difficulty with social communication. Children with autism spectrum disorder often struggle with nonverbal communication behaviors (for example, making eye contact, reading, and using facial expressions and gestures) that come naturally to other children. Their relationships with peers are often affected because of difficulties understanding and performing reciprocal (back and forth) social interactions. These struggles are often intensified by difficulty reading or responding to other people’s emotions. Repetitive behaviors and motor movements.
“Could My Child Be Autistic?” With the epidemic of autism, one of the most common questions I’m asked during an initial speech-language evaluation with a child. SENSORY PROBLEMS AND AUTISM. Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID, also called sensory processing disorder) is a neurological disorder.
Some children with autism spectrum disorder may flap their hands or rock back and forth, repeat lines from books or movies, or have strong or muted reactions to sensory stimuli (for example, smell, sound, or touch). They may have a particular interest or hobby that is unusually intense compared to those of other children their age. Children with ASD may insist on certain routines or patterns in everyday life or want to play with toys in atypical ways (for example, spinning the wheels of a toy car rather than “driving” it). There is no biological test for autism spectrum disorder. The diagnosis is made when a physician or psychologist identifies ASD characteristics through directly observing the child and gathering a developmental history. The key to helping children with autism spectrum disorder overcome some of the challenges they face is to get a diagnosis early and begin addressing any areas of need. Researchers are studying the very early signs of ASD, but it is currently very rare for a child to be diagnosed before 1.
While children develop at different rates, parents should speak with their child’s doctor if they notice the following by 1. Does not respond to his name At times, appears to be deaf Does not speak Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm Engages in repetitive motions, such as rocking, spinning or hand flapping Is easily upset by a change in routine Walks on her toes Has unusual attachments to objects or schedules Doesn’t know how to play with toys Doesn’t return a smile Has poor eye contact Prefers to play alone or with adults Lines up toys or objects.
Meltdowns in Adults with Aspergers & High- Functioning Autism. The answer is ‘yes’ – but the adult’s meltdown- behavior looks a bit different than a child’s. Under severe enough stress, any normally calm and collected individual may become “out- of- control” – even to the point of violence.
But some individuals experience repeated meltdowns in which tension mounts until there is an explosive release. The adult version of a meltdown may include any of the following (just to name a few): aggressive behavior in which the individual reacts grossly out of proportion to the circumstanceangry outbursts that involve throwing or breaking objects banging your head crying domestic abusepacing back and forth quitting your jobroad ragetalking to yourself threatening otherswalking out on your spouse or partneryelling and screaming. On the mild end of the continuum, the adult in meltdown may simply say some things that are overly critical and disrespectful, thus ultimately destroying the relationship with the other party (or parties) in many cases. On the more extreme end of the continuum, the adult in meltdown may attack others and their possessions, causing bodily injury and property damage. In both examples, the adult often later feels remorse, regret or embarrassment.
Meltdowns, usually lasting 5 to 2. Aspergers adult maintains his/her composure.
Meltdown episodes may be preceded or accompanied by: Chest tightness. Headache or a feeling of pressure in the head. Increased energy. Irritability. Palpitations. Paranoia. Rage. Tingling. Tremors. A number of factors increase the likelihood of experiencing a meltdown: A history of physical abuse or bullying: “Aspies” who were abused as kids have an increased risk for frequent meltdowns as adults.
A history of substance abuse: Aspies who abuse drugs or alcohol have an increased risk for frequent meltdowns. Age: Meltdowns are most common in Aspies in their late teens to mid 2. Being male: Aspergers men are far more likely to meltdown than women. Having another mental health problem: Aspies with other mental illnesses (e. The meltdown is not always directed at others.
Aspergers adults who experience meltdowns are also at significantly increased risk of harming themselves, either with intentional injuries or suicide attempts. Those who are also addicted to drugs or alcohol have a greatest risk of harming themselves. Aspergers adults who experience meltdowns are often perceived by others as “always being angry.” Other complications may include job loss, school suspension, divorce, auto accidents, and even incarceration. If you're concerned because you're having repeated meltdowns, talk with your doctor or make an appointment with someone who specializes in treating adults on the spectrum (e. Here's how to prepare for an appointment with a professional: Make a list of all medications as well as any vitamins or supplements that you're taking.
Write down any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment. Write down key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes. Write down questions to ask your doctor. Preparing a list of questions can help you make sure you cover everything that's important to you. Don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time that you don't understand something. There's no one treatment that's best for Aspergers adults who experience meltdowns. Treatment generally includes medication and individual or group therapy. Individual or group therapy sessions can be very helpful.
A commonly used type of therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, helps Aspergers adults identify which situations or behaviors may trigger a meltdown. In addition, this type of therapy teaches Aspies how to manage their anger and control their typically inappropriate response using relaxation techniques. Cognitive behavioral therapy that combines cognitive restructuring, coping skills training, and relaxation training has the most promising results. Unfortunately, many Aspergers adults who experience meltdowns don't seek treatment. If you're involved in a relationship with an Aspie, it's important that you take steps to protect yourself and your kids. Any emotional and/or physical abuse that may be occurring is not your fault. If you see that a situation is escalating, and you suspect your partner may be on the verge of a meltdown, try to safely remove yourself and your kids from the area. Living With Aspergers: Help for Couples.