Identifying High Functioning Autism In Adults

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Resources Commonwealth Autism. Katy Webb wants to help create a level playing field for those with Asperger’s/ASD and other learning differences by providing the support and tools necessary to build a solid foundation for a successful and fulfilling future. As a licensed child and family therapist, Katy Webb, founder of Life. Map ASD Groups, works with both the individual and the family to facilitate the transition from high school to the vocational world, college or the work force. Life. Map Asperger's Coaching Program.

  • Can an adult with Aspergers or High Functioning Autism have a meltdown just like a child with the same disorder?
  • Learn about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Get tips on improving communication and behavior in children.
  • Given the nature of deficits in development of verbal and non-verbal communication, people on the autism spectrum find it hard to interact with others and make friends.
  • The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) is designed as a clinical rating scale for the trained clinician to rate items indicative of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD.
  • Includes: diagnosing adults with autism and missed symptoms, seeking a correct diagnosis and getting help, and hope for adults with autism.
  • These savants all have an autism spectrum disorder, as do around 75% of savants. Of course, not everyone with autism is a savant, and those with autism can face.
  • Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM-5.

Katy Webb LCSWLicensed Therapist with Autism/Asperger's Specialty Training & Credentials. SUMMARY- Individual coaching program for kids, teens, young adults or older- Group coaching for all ages to boost social skills- Teaches social skills, how to navigate high school/college, how to transition successfully into the "real world"Katy focuses on expanding the world of her clients by incorporating body, mind and spirit in her coaching. She helps clients improve time management and organizational skills, and provides guidance on how to move forward toward personal and professional goals by breaking larger goals into smaller, more manageable tasks. Her coaching is for both the individual and the family, facilitating the transition from high school, to the vocational world, college or the work force. Katy works with clients based on their individual needs. INDIVIDUAL COACHINGMost of Katy's's work with clients is done on a one- on- one basis.

Is Asperger’s syndrome/High-Functioning Autism necessarily a disability? Simon Baron-Cohen Departments of Experimental Psychology and Psychiatry. AUTISM AND ASD : MAKING AND SHARING THE DIAGNOSIS. This set of notes begins with a reminder about the core characteristics of autism or autistic spectrum disorder. Autism Support in PA Learn how autism is diagnosed in children and adults. Find out the next steps after a diagnosis of autism. Call: 800-827-9385.

Identifying High Functioning Autism In Adults

After a parent or individual completes a detailed intake form, Katy develops a personalized plan to address a client's specific needs. She creates Action Plans to guide the client step by step through a process that helps them achieve both personal and professional goals. Personalized life skills training and treatment curriculum that focuses on: Self Esteem. Communication. Conversation skills, social skills. Positive coping skills. Verbal and nonverbal communication awareness Making friends and improving social relationships/social interaction abilities Adult independence skill Job coaching, career assessments, networking, and interview practice College transition, if applicable, Etc. Groups Offered Fall 2.

Elementary School Social Skills Group. Middle School Social Skills Group. Teen + Young Adult Group. Parent Support & Sharing Group. Groups are covered by insurance (self pay options available)To inquire about details, including fees and schedule, please contact Katy directly at katywebblcsw@gmail.

Products. Individual Coaching. Family Coaching. Career Coaching. ADHD/Executive Function Training.

Childhood Autism Rating Scale Center for Autism Research. The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)  is designed as a clinical rating scale for the trained clinician to rate items indicative of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) after  direct observervation of the child. The CARS- 2 is preferred over the older, original CARS. The form is used with individuals of all ages and in both clincial and research settings. Related Articles: Name. Childhood Autism Rating Scale – 2 (CARS- 2)Reference.

Schopler E, Van Bourgondien ME, Wellman, GJ, Love SR (2. Childhood Autism Rating Scale – 2nd Edition. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Summary. The CARS- 2 is an update of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), an older and widely- used rating scale for autism. The original CARS was developed primarily with individuals with comorbid intellectual functioning and was criticized for not accurately identify higher functioning individuals with ASD. The CARS- 2 retained the original CARS form for use with younger or lower functioning individuals (now renamed the CARS2- ST for “Standard Form”), and it developed a separate rating scale for use with higher functioning individuals (named the CARS2- HF for “High Functioning”).

Clinically, the original CARS was often misused as a parent questionnaire; it was designed as a clinician rating scale to be completed after a direct observation of the child by a professional familiar with autism who had also obtained some brief training on how to rate the CARS items. The CARS- 2 retains this same format.  Information from parents can be obtained with the CARS2- QPC (Questionnaire of Parent Concerns), an unscored form for parents to record observations. Age Range. CARS2- ST: Children under age 6, or over age 6 but with an estimated IQ of 7. CARS- HF: Age 6 or older, with an estimated IQ of 8. Format. CARS2- ST: Clinician ratings based on information gathered from an observation of the child or from the parent’s completion of the CARS2- QPC. Items are rated on a 4 point scale. CARS2- HF: Clinician ratings, based on at least 2 sources of information (both direct observation and information gathered from someone who knows the individual’s behavior in different settings). Who Can Rate. Professionals who have had exposure and training in ASD and brief training about the CARS can make valid ratings. This is not a parent questionnaire, but parent observations can be obtained through the CARS2- QPC, which would be incorporated into the CARS2- ST or CARS2- HF by the professional.

Who Can Interpret. Professionals with training in ASD can interpret the results. Results Yielded. Total scores above the cutoff of around 2. ASD is warranted. In addition, scores above the cutoff can be broken down into “mild- to- moderate” level of autistic behaviors vs.

ST or HF version was administered). Total scores can also be converted to T- scores that represent how the individual’s behaviors compare to the large clinical norms sample of individuals obtained by the authors. Author Cautions. The instrument is not a parent questionnaire. Adults With Special Needs Statistics. It is also not intended as a population screener; it was developed on referred individuals. It should not be used in isolation to make a diagnosis. Item Development.

The original CARS (now the CARS2- ST) was developed from some of the very early literature on ASD. It has been widely adopted in both clinical and research settings for decades. While very helpful when used with lower- functioning individuals, research indicated that it had a weakness in identifying individuals at the higher end of the autism spectrum. The CARS2- HF was modeled after the CARS2- ST, but some items were modified or substituted to better reflect the literature on ASD in higher functioning individuals. Development Sample. CARS and CARS2 were developed on children and adults referred to the Division TEACCH programs in North Carolina. Division TEACCH was created in 1. ASD throughout the state of North Carolina. The original CARS was developed on 1. For the CARS2- ST, a verification sample of 1.

To develop the CARS2- HF, a sample of 9. All participants were clinically evaluated through Division TEACCH. Last Updated: December 1. The Center for Autism Research and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia do not endorse or recommend any specific person or organization or form of treatment. The information included within the CAR Autism Roadmap™ and CAR Resource Directory™. Choosing a treatment, course of action, and/or a resource.

Disinfectant A product that can be used to kill germs on surfaces. Discrimination Training Teaching someone to link and a behavior he or she already knows how to perform, to an appropriate antecedent.

For example, standing up and leaving the room, when a fire alarm sounds.)Disenfranchised grief When there are no easy, public way to express grief. Grief that cannot be expressed and supported tends to linger and grow. Dissociation Dissociation is a psychological symptom. It may be a feeling of being "unreal" or disconnected from oneself. In some people, the person may actually lose contact with what is happening. He or she may continue to act, speak, or move but have no conscious memory of these actions later. In others, the person may feel outside themselves as if he or she is watching themselves from a distance.

Diversity Diversity can be found in a group of people whose members differ in such things as age, race, or beliefs. Documentation Providing a written or electronic record of an action, event, item, issue, or thought that is important or meaningful.

Documenting: To write down information in a standard way usually on forms provided by the support agency. Domestic violence An act of violence or abuse against a person living in one's household, especially a member of one's immediate family.

Dominant Culture In multicultural societies, the cultural practices which are the basis for judging actions and establishing public traditions. Usually the dominate culture is so much a part of the societies' perspective that it is "invisible." Behaviors which are contrary to the perspective of the dominate culture are usually considered inappropriate or wrong, even when they are not harmful. Douches Products sold to clean the internal vaginal area. These are generally not recommended and should only be used with the recommendation of a medical professional. Dopamine One of three brain chemicals believed to be linked to depression when they are imbalanced.

The others are serotonin and norepinephrine. People living with schizophrenia often have high levels of dopamine, which affects emotions and motivation. Down Syndrome Down syndrome occurs in a baby has one extra chromosome in each of his or her millions of cells. Instead of 4. 6, he has 4. In Down syndrome it is the number- 2. This is referred to as Trisomy 2. Down syndrome. Over six thousand babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States every year and thousands more in other countries.

It occurs in boys and girls evenly. It is one of the most common birth defects, occurring in all races, ethnic groups, socio- economic classes and nationalities. Because chromosomes and the genetic material they carry play a large part in determining a child's characteristics, this extra chromosome will affect his or her life. His or her appearance may be a bit different from other children's, he or she may have some unique medical problems, and he or she will likely have some degree of mental retardation, although the severity of any of these problems varies tremendously from child to child.

Dravet's Syndrome This is also called severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI). It is a severe form of epilepsy that appears during the first year of life with frequent febrile seizures. Drought A long period of abnormally low rainfall that can last up to several years. Dry Eyes. Dry eye is a condition that occurs when a person does not make enough tears.

Symptoms are scratchy, irritated eyes. Dry eyes can be treated with ointments or artificial tears.

If it is not treated, dry eyes can result in keratoconus. This is a disease of the cornea. DSP Direct support professional. Dual Diagnosis An old term used to describe having two disorders that cause significant impairment.

It was often used to describe having both a mental illness and chemical dependency. It was also used to describe having both an intellectual disability and a mental illness. Durable medical equipment This is medical equipment used to aid individuals in everyday life.

Examples include wheel chairs, walkers, canes, oxygen tanks, nebulizers, CPAP, and catheters. Duration How long something lasts. Dwarfism A genetic abnormality resulting in short stature. Dyskinesia This is a movement disorder. It can be a side effect of antipsychotic medication.

It involves abnormal and involuntary movements of the body. It may affect many different parts of the body. The person may roll his or her fingers together. He or she may blink or pucker their lips repetitively. Early onset of this disorder from medication is usually reversible. See Tardive Dyskinesia.)Dyskinetic the same as Athetoid Cerebral Palsy and is characterized by the same involuntary body movements. Dyslexia A specific learning disability that affects a person's ability to read.

Dystonia. This is a movement disorder. It can be a side effect of antipsychotic medication. It is an involuntary spasm of muscles. It can be painful.

It can cause the person to contort into unusual positions. Sometimes this is visible.

Autism spectrum - Wikipedia. Autism spectrum. Synonyms.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)Repetitively stacking or lining up objects is associated with autism. Specialty. Psychiatry.

Frequency. 62. 2 million (2. Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM- 5. Individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder present with two types of symptoms: problems in social communication and social interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. The DSM- 5 redefined the autism spectrum disorders to encompass the previous (DSM- IV- TR) diagnoses of autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD- NOS), and childhood disintegrative disorder.[2]Classification. In the United States, a revision to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was presented in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM- 5), released May 2. The new diagnosis encompasses previous diagnoses of autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and PDD- NOS.

Compared with the DSM- IV diagnosis of autistic disorder, the DSM- 5 diagnosis of ASD no longer includes communication as a separate criterion, and has merged social interaction and communication into one category.[4] Slightly different diagnostic definitions are used in other countries. For example, the ICD- 1. UK and European Union.[5] Rather than categorizing these diagnoses, the DSM- 5 has adopted a dimensional approach to diagnosing disorders that fall underneath the autism spectrum umbrella. Some have proposed that individuals on the autism spectrum may be better represented as a single diagnostic category. Within this category, the DSM- 5 has proposed a framework of differentiating each individual by dimensions of severity, as well as associated features (i.

Another change to the DSM includes collapsing social and communication deficits into one domain. Thus, an individual with an ASD diagnosis will be described in terms of severity of social communication symptoms, severity of fixated or restricted behaviors or interests, and associated features. The restricting of onset age has also been loosened from 3 years of age to "early developmental period", with a note that symptoms may manifest later when social demands exceed capabilities.[6]Autism forms the core of the autism spectrum disorders. Asperger syndrome is closest to autism in signs and likely causes; [7] unlike autism, people with Asperger syndrome usually have no significant delay in language development, according to the older DSM- 4 criteria.[8] PDD- NOS is diagnosed when the criteria are not met for a more specific disorder. Some sources also include Rett syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder, which share several signs with autism but may have unrelated causes; other sources differentiate them from ASD, but group all of the above conditions into the pervasive developmental disorders.[7][9]Autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD- NOS are sometimes called the autistic disorders instead of ASD,[1. Although the older term pervasive developmental disorder and the newer term autism spectrum disorder largely or entirely overlap,[9] the earlier was intended to describe a specific set of diagnostic labels, whereas the latter refers to a postulated spectrum disorder linking various conditions.[1. ASD is a subset of the broader autism phenotype (BAP), which describes individuals who may not have ASD but do have autistic- like traits, such as avoiding eye contact.[1.

Characteristics. Under the DSM- 5, autism is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction across multiple contexts, as well as restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. These deficits are present in early childhood, and lead to clinically significant functional impairment.[1.

There is also a unique form of autism called autistic savantism, where a child can display outstanding skills in music, art, and numbers with no practice.[1. Because of its relevance to different populations, self- injurious behaviors (SIB) are not considered a core characteristic of the ASD population however approximately 5. ASD take part in some type of SIB (head- banging, self- biting) and are more at risk than other groups with developmental disabilities.[1.

Other characteristics of ASD include Restricted and Repetitive Behaviors (RRBs) which include a large range of specific gestures and acts, it can even include certain behavioral traits as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual for Mental Disorders.[1. Asperger syndrome was distinguished from autism in the DSM- IV by the lack of delay or deviance in early language development.[1. Additionally, individuals diagnosed with Asperger syndrome did not have significant cognitive delays.[1. Ecole Aux Adultes on this page.