Disinfectant A product that can be used to kill germs on surfaces. Discrimination Training Teaching someone to link and a behavior he or she already knows how to perform, to an appropriate antecedent. For example, standing up and leaving the room, when a fire alarm sounds.)Disenfranchised grief When there are no easy, public way to express grief.
Grief that cannot be expressed and supported tends to linger and grow. Dissociation Dissociation is a psychological symptom. It may be a feeling of being "unreal" or disconnected from oneself. In some people, the person may actually lose contact with what is happening. He or she may continue to act, speak, or move but have no conscious memory of these actions later.
In others, the person may feel outside themselves as if he or she is watching themselves from a distance. Diversity Diversity can be found in a group of people whose members differ in such things as age, race, or beliefs. Documentation Providing a written or electronic record of an action, event, item, issue, or thought that is important or meaningful. Documenting: To write down information in a standard way usually on forms provided by the support agency. Domestic violence An act of violence or abuse against a person living in one's household, especially a member of one's immediate family. Dominant Culture In multicultural societies, the cultural practices which are the basis for judging actions and establishing public traditions.
Aktion T4 (German, pronounced [akˈtsi̯oːn teː fiːɐ]) was a postwar name for mass murder through involuntary euthanasia in Nazi Germany. The name T4 is an. Most older Americans want to stay in their homes. But they'll need to renovate and it's hard to get good information on how to age in place. Preliminary Report v List of Abbreviations ADL Activities of daily living APDK Association for the Physically Disabled of Kenya DFID Department for International.
Usually the dominate culture is so much a part of the societies' perspective that it is "invisible." Behaviors which are contrary to the perspective of the dominate culture are usually considered inappropriate or wrong, even when they are not harmful. Douches Products sold to clean the internal vaginal area.
These are generally not recommended and should only be used with the recommendation of a medical professional. Dopamine One of three brain chemicals believed to be linked to depression when they are imbalanced. The others are serotonin and norepinephrine. People living with schizophrenia often have high levels of dopamine, which affects emotions and motivation. Down Syndrome Down syndrome occurs in a baby has one extra chromosome in each of his or her millions of cells. Instead of 4. 6, he has 4.
In Down syndrome it is the number- 2. This is referred to as Trisomy 2. Down syndrome. Over six thousand babies with Down syndrome are born in the United States every year and thousands more in other countries. It occurs in boys and girls evenly. It is one of the most common birth defects, occurring in all races, ethnic groups, socio- economic classes and nationalities. Because chromosomes and the genetic material they carry play a large part in determining a child's characteristics, this extra chromosome will affect his or her life. His or her appearance may be a bit different from other children's, he or she may have some unique medical problems, and he or she will likely have some degree of mental retardation, although the severity of any of these problems varies tremendously from child to child.
Dravet's Syndrome This is also called severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI). It is a severe form of epilepsy that appears during the first year of life with frequent febrile seizures.
New Horizons Un-Limited provides information on community living options, including group homes and supported living programs to the disabled community, their.
Drought A long period of abnormally low rainfall that can last up to several years. Dry Eyes. Dry eye is a condition that occurs when a person does not make enough tears. Symptoms are scratchy, irritated eyes.
Dry eyes can be treated with ointments or artificial tears. If it is not treated, dry eyes can result in keratoconus. This is a disease of the cornea.
DSP Direct support professional. Dual Diagnosis An old term used to describe having two disorders that cause significant impairment.
It was often used to describe having both a mental illness and chemical dependency. It was also used to describe having both an intellectual disability and a mental illness. Durable medical equipment This is medical equipment used to aid individuals in everyday life. Examples include wheel chairs, walkers, canes, oxygen tanks, nebulizers, CPAP, and catheters.
Duration How long something lasts. Dwarfism A genetic abnormality resulting in short stature. Dyskinesia This is a movement disorder. It can be a side effect of antipsychotic medication. It involves abnormal and involuntary movements of the body. It may affect many different parts of the body. The person may roll his or her fingers together.
He or she may blink or pucker their lips repetitively. Early onset of this disorder from medication is usually reversible. See Tardive Dyskinesia.)Dyskinetic the same as Athetoid Cerebral Palsy and is characterized by the same involuntary body movements.
Dyslexia A specific learning disability that affects a person's ability to read. Dystonia. This is a movement disorder. It can be a side effect of antipsychotic medication. It is an involuntary spasm of muscles. Dating In Online Single Uk more. It can be painful. It can cause the person to contort into unusual positions.
Sometimes this is visible. Math Refresher For Adults there.
Disability - Wikipedia"Impaired" redirects here. For other uses, see Impairment. Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Owl Shirts For Adults more.
Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Disability is a contested concept, with different meanings for different communities. It may be used to refer to physical or mental attributes that some institutions, particularly medicine, view as needing to be fixed (the medical model).
It may refer to limitations imposed on people by the constraints of an ableist society (the social model). Or the term may serve to refer to the identity of disabled people. Physiological functional capacity (PFC) is a related term that describes an individual's performance level. It gauges one's ability to perform the physical tasks of daily life and the ease with which these tasks are performed.
PFC declines with advancing age to result in frailty, cognitive disorders, and/or physical disorders, all of which may lead to labeling individuals as disabled.The discussion over disability's definition arose out of disability activism in the U. S. and U. K. in the 1. Debates about proper terminology and their implied politics continue in disability communities and the academic field of disability studies. In some countries, the law requires that disabilities are documented by a healthcare provider in order to assess qualifications for disability benefits. HistoryContemporary understandings of disability derive from concepts that arose during the West's scientific Enlightenment; prior to the Enlightenment, physical differences were viewed through a different lens. During the Middle Ages, madness and other conditions were thought to be caused by demons. They were also thought to be part of the natural order, especially during and in the fallout of the Plague, which wrought impairments throughout the general population. In the early modern period there was a shift to seeking biological causes for physical and mental differences, as well as heightened interest in demarcating categories: for example, Ambroise Pare, in the sixteenth century, wrote of "monsters", "prodigies", and "the maimed". The European Enlightenment's emphases on knowledge derived from reason and on the value of natural science to human progress helped spawn the birth of institutions and associated knowledge systems that observed and categorized human beings; among these, the ones significant to the development of today's concepts of disability were asylums, clinics, and, prisons.Contemporary concepts of disability are rooted in eighteenth- and nineteenth- century developments.
Foremost among these was the development of clinical medical discourse, which made the human body visible as a thing to be manipulated, studied, and transformed. These worked in tandem with scientific discourses that sought to classify and categorize and, in so doing, became methods of normalization.The concept of the "norm" developed in this time period, and is signaled in the work of the French statistician Alphonse Quetelet, who wrote in the 1. Quetelet postulated that one could take the sum of all people's attributes in a given population (such as their height or weight) and find their average, and that this figure should serve as a norm toward which all should aspire. This idea of a statistical norm threads through the rapid take up of statistics gathering by Britain, United States, and the Western European states during this time period, and it is tied to the rise of eugenics. Disability, as well as other concepts including: abnormal, non- normal, and normalcy came from this. The circulation of these concepts is evident in the popularity of the freak show, where showmen profited from exhibiting people who deviated from those norms.[1.
With the rise of eugenics in the latter part of the nineteenth century, such deviations were viewed as dangerous to the health of entire populations. With disability viewed as part of a person's biological make- up and thus their genetic inheritance, scientists turned their attention to notions of weeding such "deviations" out of the gene pool.
Various metrics for assessing a person's genetic fitness, which were then used to deport, sterilize, or institutionalize those deemed unfit.