The riddle of the upside-down dinosaurs The riddle of the upside-down dinosaurs. Discussion on the inaccuracies found using the Carbon-14 dating method, and the various other radioactive dating methods. Plus evidence for a much younger earth using. The geologic time scale (GTS) is a system of chronological dating that relates geological strata (stratigraphy) to time. It is used by geologists, paleontologists. Carbon dating is used to determine the age of biological artifacts.
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Dinosaurs were in the Garden of Eden. See where dinosaurs are mentioned in the Bible. Fascinating amber samples from 99 million years ago show even dinosaurs weren't immune to the blood-sucking pests. Whenever the worldview of evolution is questioned, the topic of carbon dating always comes up. Here is how carbon dating works and the assumptions it is based.
When Did Dinosaurs Live? Evolutionists claim dinosaurs lived millions of years ago. But it is important to realize that when they dig up a dinosaur bone it does not. A Triceratops brow horn discovered in Dawson County, Montana, has been controversially dated to around 33,500 years, challenging the view that dinosaurs died out. An incredibly rare shark said to be from the age of dinosaurs has been caught off the coast of one of Britons' favourite holiday spots. The frilled shark - described.
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How accurate are Carbon- 1. Christian. Answers. Net. See this page in: Hungarian, Russian, Spanish.
People who ask about carbon- 1. C) dating usually want to know about the radiometric dating methods that are claimed to give millions and billions of years—carbon dating can only give thousands of years. People wonder how millions of years could be squeezed into the biblical account of history. Clearly, such huge time periods cannot be fitted into the Bible without compromising what the Bible says about the goodness of God and the origin of sin, death and suffering—the reason Jesus came into the world (See Six Days? Honestly!). Christians, by definition, take the statements of Jesus Christ seriously. He said,“But from the beginning of the creation.
God made them male and female” (Mark 1. This only makes sense with a time- line beginning with the creation week thousands of years ago. It makes no sense at all if man appeared at the end of billions of years. We will deal with carbon dating first and then with the other dating methods.
How the carbon clock works. Carbon has unique properties that are essential for life on Earth. Familiar to us as the black substance in charred wood, as diamonds, and the graphite in “lead” pencils, carbon comes in several forms, or isotopes. One rare form has atoms that are 1. C, or radiocarbon.
Carbon- 1. 4 is made when cosmic rays knock neutrons out of atomic nuclei in the upper atmosphere. These displaced neutrons, now moving fast, hit ordinary nitrogen (1. N) at lower altitudes, converting it into 1. C. Unlike common carbon (1. C), 1. 4C is unstable and slowly decays, changing it back to nitrogen and releasing energy. This instability makes it radioactive. Ordinary carbon (1.
C)is found in the carbon dioxide (CO2) in the air, which is taken up by plants, which in turn are eaten by animals. So a bone, or a leaf or a tree, or even a piece of wooden furniture, contains carbon. When the 1. 4C has been formed, like ordinary carbon (1. C), it combines with oxygen to give carbon dioxide (1. CO2), and so it also gets cycled through the cells of plants and animals.
We can take a sample of air, count how many 1. C atoms there are for every 1. C atom, and calculate the 1. C/1. 2C ratio. Because 1.
C is so well mixed up with 1. C, we expect to find that this ratio is the same if we sample a leaf from a tree, or a part of your body.
In living things, although 1. C atoms are constantly changing back to 1. N, they are still exchanging carbon with their surroundings, so the mixture remains about the same as in the atmosphere. However, as soon as a plant or animal dies, the 1. C atoms which decay are no longer replaced, so the amount of 1. C in that once- living thing decreases as time goes on. In other words, the 1.
C/1. 2C ratio gets smaller. So, we have a “clock” which starts ticking the moment something dies. Novel Ideas For Young Adults. Obviously, this works only for things which were once living. It cannot be used to date volcanic rocks, for example. The rate of decay of 1.
C is such that half of an amount will convert back to 1. N in 5,7. 30 years (plus or minus 4. This is the “half- life.” So, in two half- lives, or 1. Anything over about 5. C left. That is why radiocarbon dating cannot give millions of years. In fact, if a sample contains 1. C, it is good evidence that it is not millions of years old.
However, things are not quite so simple. First, plants discriminate against carbon dioxide containing 1. C. That is, they take up less than would be expected and so they test older than they really are.
Furthermore, different types of plants discriminate differently. This also has to be corrected for.Second, the ratio of 1. C/1. 2C in the atmosphere has not been constant—for example, it was higher before the industrial era when the massive burning of fossil fuels released a lot of carbon dioxide that was depleted in 1.
C. This would make things which died at that time appear older in terms of carbon dating. Then there was a rise in 1. CO2 with the advent of atmospheric testing of atomic bombs in the 1. This would make things carbon- dated from that time appear younger than their true age. Measurement of 1. C in historically dated objects (e. C in the atmosphere at that time to be estimated, and so partial calibration of the “clock” is possible.
Accordingly, carbon dating carefully applied to items from historical times can be useful. However, even with such historical calibration, archaeologists do not regard 1. C dates as absolute because of frequent anomalies.
They rely more on dating methods that link into historical records. Outside the range of recorded history, calibration of the 1. C "clock is not possible.Other factors affecting carbon dating. The amount of cosmic rays penetrating the Earth's atmosphere affects the amount of 1. C produced and therefore dating the system.
The amount of cosmic rays reaching the Earth varies with the sun's activity, and with the Earth's passage through magnetic clouds as the solar system travels around the Milky Way galaxy.