Can you really be an Orthodox Jew and a feminist? I remember feeling shocked when I learned that my Jewish boyfriend, now husband, had grown up with a female rabbi. My surprise was two- fold: one that his rabbi wasn’t a man and secondly, that as a feminist, I even cared.
- · Male-led religions present a big dilemma to feminists in the modern world. Emma Barnett, an Orthodox Jew by upbringing and a feminist, explains how she.
- Watch it here first: Modern Orthodox dating games in a new ‘Soon by You’ The season finale of the cult web comedy comes out Dec 6 -- and along with an interview.
That conversation took place nearly a decade ago. And yet, it wasn’t until the issue of women bishops reached boiling point last year, and I lent my support to those trying to push the General Synod for female inclusion at the highest ranks of Christianity, I felt it time to explore my own illogical hypocrisy.
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You see as a fully paid up feminist, I demand and expect total equality in my secular life and yet some would view what I accept as normal in my religious Jewish world, as anything but equal. Although believe me, no women in my personal Jewish life feel oppressed; if anything, they are in total control. I am not a particularly observant Jew day- to- day. However, I did grow up in the Orthodox arm of Judaism, and so hadn’t even seen a female rabbi until I was 2. A woman praying at the Western Wall in Jerusalem.
She is a member of the protest group, Women of the Wall, which campaigns for women's religious freedom in Israel Sitting separately from the men in synagogue, preparing the food for the congregation with a female group and only ever observing blokes leading prayer services, just seems customary in my Jewish world. It is all I have even known. These practices feel sisterly, homely and most of all, normal - how things have always been. And for a religion based heavily on the power of tradition, altering the rules of the club has never even occurred to me. That’s why for the last few months, while making a programme for Radio 4, exploring whether you can be an Orthodox Jew and a feminist, I have had my eyes opened to what an unexplainable taboo this really is.
A JEW IS NOT A NATIONALITY, BUT A MISSION!We do not yet feel this crisis to such an extent, but we already understand that we have no leverage to correct it, and. Orthodox Judaism is the approach to religious Judaism which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation, and adheres to the interpretation and application of the.
Interestingly, many of the Orthodox Jewish women I approached to share their feelings on the matter, refused to talk publicly about it – fearing a kickback in their successful secular life – where they champion women’s rights. They don’t want to explain their hypocrisy. Nor do they feel they need to challenge it. They can’t really justify it either; why they don’t feel comfortable with female leadership in one sphere but not in the other. It’s just not traditional to have a woman rabbi,” shrugs an intelligent Jewish female lawyer friend of mine.
And, in a nutshell, that’s how I have always felt too. However, I also know that when my grandmother used to openly mistrust female GPs, her view was antiquated and just wasn’t based in truth. Likewise, when some of my male friends today ‘joke’ about their fears of having a female pilot or woman train driver, I don’t find their prejudiced views funny. And that’s because they are not; nor are they based on any form of logic. In the secular world, common sense must be the order of the day.
It isn’t reasonable not to have women occupying the same roles as men and vice versa. But in a religious sphere, where faith is the binding force of a group of people, rationale has less sway or place. If you started applying logic to the beliefs held in most faiths, things would start to fall apart pretty quickly at the seams. Cue the increasing number of. Jewish Orthodox feminists banging down my door to tell me we female Jews are ‘separate but equal’ and that. I need to become more learned in the scriptures. Well the facts still remains, regardless of how educated you are in Orthodox Judaism, women aren’t permitted to be rabbis (in the fullest sense of the word – despite recent interesting developments).
Am I less ambitious in my religious life than I am in my secular one? Probably. These are not easy admissions to make. Do I feel the need to fight to change the religious world I infrequently inhabit? No. Not really. Do I think women should be allowed to become bishops?
Yes! Of course! It’s not my religion, after all. Please note the intended facetiousness of this statement). Not being able to reconcile my secular views with my religious ones is something I too, find hard to explain. Predominantly I struggle to feel comfortable with female rabbis because the Judaism that feels authentic to me is the Orthodox branch, which does everything it can to conserve and not change. And that’s what it comes down to: what part of your religion feels authentic to you – which is very hard to alter when it’s been presented to you in a certain way since birth.
Male- led religions present a big dilemma to feminists in the modern world. And yes, on this topic, I am a full fat hypocrite. But as they say, faith begins often where logic ends.
Emma Barnett, The Telegraph’s Women’s Editor, presents the latest episode of One to One on BBC Radio 4 at 9. Tuesday March 1. 1.
The first half of this documentary can be heard again here.
Judaism - Wikipedia. This article is about the Jewish religion. For consideration of ethnic, historic and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity, see Jews. Judaism (originally from Hebrewיהודה, Yehudah, "Judah";  via Latin and Greek) is an ancient monotheistic. Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy and culture of the Jewish people. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel. Judaism includes a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization.
The Torah is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. With between 1. 4. Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world. Within Judaism there are a variety of movements, most of which emerged from Rabbinic Judaism, which holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written and Oral Torah. Historically, this assertion was challenged by various groups such as the Sadducees and Hellenistic Judaism during the Second Temple period; the Karaites and Sabbateans during the early and later medieval period;  and among segments of the modern non- Orthodox denominations. Modern branches of Judaism such as Humanistic Judaism may be nontheistic. Today, the largest Jewish religious movements are Orthodox Judaism (Haredi Judaism and Modern Orthodox Judaism), Conservative Judaism and Reform Judaism. Major sources of difference between these groups are their approaches to Jewish law, the authority of the Rabbinic tradition, and the significance of the State of Israel.[1.
Orthodox Judaism maintains that the Torah and Jewish law are divine in origin, eternal and unalterable, and that they should be strictly followed. Conservative and Reform Judaism are more liberal, with Conservative Judaism generally promoting a more "traditional" interpretation of Judaism's requirements than Reform Judaism. A typical Reform position is that Jewish law should be viewed as a set of general guidelines rather than as a set of restrictions and obligations whose observance is required of all Jews.[1. Historically, special courts enforced Jewish law; today, these courts still exist but the practice of Judaism is mostly voluntary.[1. Authority on theological and legal matters is not vested in any one person or organization, but in the sacred texts and rabbis and scholars who interpret them.[1.
The history of Judaism spans more than 3,0. Judaism has its roots as a structured religion in the Middle East during the Bronze Age.[1. Judaism is considered one of the oldest monotheistic religions.[1. The Hebrews and Israelites were already referred to as "Jews" in later books of the Tanakh such as the Book of Esther, with the term Jews replacing the title "Children of Israel".[1. Judaism's texts, traditions and values strongly influenced later Abrahamic religions, including Christianity, Islam and the Baha'i Faith.[2. Many aspects of Judaism have also directly or indirectly influenced secular Western ethics and civil law.[2.
Hebraism is just as important a factor in the development of Western civilization as Hellenism, and Judaism, as the mother religion of Christianity, has considerably shaped Western ideals and morality since the Christian Era.[2. Jews are an ethnoreligious group[2.
Jewish and converts to Judaism. In 2. 01. 5, the world Jewish population was estimated at about 1. About 4. 3% of all Jews reside in Israel and another 4. United States and Canada, with most of the remainder living in Europe, and other minority groups spread throughout South America, Asia, Africa, and Australia.[2. Defining characteristics and principles of faith.
Defining characteristics. Glass platter inscribed with the Hebrew word zokhreinu – (god) remember us.
Unlike other ancient Near Eastern gods, the Hebrew God is portrayed as unitary and solitary; consequently, the Hebrew God's principal relationships are not with other gods, but with the world, and more specifically, with the people he created.[2. Judaism thus begins with ethical monotheism: the belief that God is one and is concerned with the actions of mankind.[2. According to the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), God promised Abraham to make of his offspring a great nation.[2.
Many generations later, he commanded the nation of Israel to love and worship only one God; that is, the Jewish nation is to reciprocate God's concern for the world.[2. He also commanded the Jewish people to love one another; that is, Jews are to imitate God's love for people.[3. These commandments are but two of a large corpus of commandments and laws that constitute this covenant, which is the substance of Judaism.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Eastern Churches. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.
Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $1. Mickey Mouse Shoes For Adults on this page. Definition of an Eastern Church. An accident of political development has made it possible to divide the Christian world, in the first place, into two great halves, Eastern and Western. The root of this division is, roughly and broadly speaking, the division of the Roman Empire made first by Diocletian (2.
Theodosius I (Arcadius in the East, 3. Honorius in the West, 3. West (Charlemagne, 8. The division of Eastern and Western Churches, then, in its origin corresponds to that of the empire. Western Churches are those that either gravitate around Rome or broke away from her at the Reformation. Eastern Churches depend originally on the Eastern Empire at Constantinople; they are those that either find their centre in the patriarchate of that city (since the centralization of the fourth century) or have been formed by schisms which in the first instance concerned Constantinople rather than the Western world. Another distinction, that can be applied only in the most general and broadest sense, is that of language.
Western Christendom till the Reformation was Latin; even now the Protestant bodies still bear unmistakably the mark of their Latin ancestry. It was the great Latin.
Fathers and Schoolmen, St. Augustine (d. 4. 30) most of all, who built up the traditions of the West; in ritual and canon law the Latin or Roman school formed the West. In a still broader sense the East may be called Greek.
True, many Eastern Churches know nothing of Greek; the oldest (Nestorians, Armenians, Abyssinians) have never used Greek liturgically nor for their literature; nevertheless they too depend in some sense on a Greek tradition. Whereas our Latin. Fathers have never concerned them at all (most Eastern Christians have never even heard of our schoolmen or canonists), they still feel the influence of the Greek Fathers, their theology is still concerned about controversies carried on originally in Greek and settled by Greek synods. The literature of those that do not use Greek is formed on Greek models, is full of words carefully chosen or composed to correspond to some technical Greek distinction, then, in the broadest terms, is: that a Western Church is one originally dependent on Rome, whose traditions are Latin; an Eastern Church looks rather to Constantinople (either as a friend or an enemy) and inherits Greek ideas.
The point may be stated more scientifically by using the old division of the patriarchates. Originally (e. g. Council of Nicaea, A. D. 3. 25, can. vi) there were three patriarchates, those of Rome, Alexandria, and Antioch. Further legislation formed two more at the expense of Antioch: Constantinople in 3. Jerusalem in 4. 51.
In any case the Roman patriarchate was always enormously the greatest. Western Christendom may be defined quite simply as the Roman patriarchate and all Churches that have broken away from it. All the others, with schismatical bodies formed from them, make up the Eastern half.
But it must not be imaged that either half is in any sense one Church. The Latin half was so (in spite of a few unimportant schisms) till the Reformation. To find a time when there was one Eastern Church we must go back to the centuries before the Council of Ephesus (4. Since that council there have been separate schismatical Eastern Churches whose number has grown steadily down to our own time. The Nestorianheresy left a permanent Nestorian Church, the Monophysite and Monothelite quarrels made several more, the reunion with Rome of fractions of every Rite further increased the number, and quite lately the Bulgarianschism has created yet another; indeed it seems as if two more, in Cyprus and Syria, are being formed at the present moment (1. We have now a general criterion by which to answer the question: What is an Eastern Church? Looking at a map, we see that, roughly, the division between the Roman patriarchate and the others forms a line that runs down somewhat to the east of the River Vistula (Poland is Latin), then comes back above the Danube, to continue down the Adriatic Sea, and finally divides Africa west of Egypt.
Illyricum (Macedonia and Greece) once belonged to the Roman patriarchate, and Greater Greece (Southern Italy and Sicily) was intermittently Byzantine. But both these lands eventually fell back into the branches that surrounded them (except for the thin remnant of the Catholic Italo- Greeks). We may, then, say that any ancient Church east of that line is an Eastern Church. To these we must add those formed by missionaries (especially Russians) from one of these Churches.
Later Latin and Protestant missions have further complicated the tangled state of the ecclesiastical East. Their adherents everywhere belong of course to the Western portion. Catalogue of the Eastern Churches.