Center for Scientific Creation In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood. This greatly expanded new edition—comprehensive, understandable, and meticulously documented—will give insights to readers of all backgrounds. In the Beginning: Compelling Evidence for Creation and the Flood takes a different look at a currently hot topic. Evidence that could revolutionize our understanding of origins is carefully explained. You will be challenged to consider fresh ideas in this age- old debate. Part I of In the Beginning discusses, in quick overview, 1.
More technical discussions and documentation are found in the author’s extensive endnotes. Does the scientific evidence support evolution or creation? What insights do genetics and the fossil record provide?
How old is the earth? What dating techniques indicate a young earth? What discoveries in outer space relate to our beginnings? Does Noah’s Ark exist?
Questions, Comments, or set up a conference? We would love to hear from you. Mail: Ben Scripture - 3214 S. SR 25 - Warsaw, IN 46580 Phone: 574.491.3214 or 574.551.1524.
What is the CIA’s “Ararat Anomaly”? Part II describes the hydroplate theory, developed during more than 3. Dr. Walt Brown, a former evolutionist. This theory explains a catastrophic event in earth’s history and solves a host of recognized problems. For decades, evolutionists complained that creationists only criticized evolution and did not offer sound scientific theories of their own. The hydroplate theory ends that complaint and explains, with overwhelming evidence, earth’s defining geological event—a worldwide flood. If there was a global flood, where did the water come from?
For many people, radiometric dating might be the one scientific technique that most blatantly seems to challenge the Bible’s record of recent creation. For this. This is a review of evolution and creation doctrine. This site exposes poor science and assumptions associated with evolutionary theory, and presents compelling. What are the factors that affect the racemization rate of chiral amino acids? Changing L-amino acids to a 50 50 mix of D and L amino acid enantiomers (stereoisomers). Sex Dating In Alabama.
We do not know how the Creator created, what processes He used, for He used processes which are not now operating anywhere in the natural universe. This is why we.
Where did it go? What were the powerful fountains of the great deep? How was the Grand Canyon carved in weeks after a post- flood lake (Grand Lake) breached?
What evidence shows that the material in comets, asteroids, and meteoroids came from Earth? What suddenly froze and buried the mammoths? How could they have survived the 6- month winter nights inside the Arctic Circle? How did mountains ranges, volcanoes, submarine canyons, coal and oil deposits, and deep ocean trenches form? What processes sorted fossils and produced layered strata? Thirty- nine other frequently asked questions fill a fascinating Part III, including: Is global warming occurring?
If so, what causes it? Have scientific tools detected traces of Adam and Eve within us? Is evolution compatible with the Bible? How accurate is radiocarbon dating? What about the dinosaurs?
How can the study of creation be scientific? Is there life in outer space? Galaxies are billions of light- years away, so isn’t the universe billions of years old? What hydroplate predictions have been confirmed?
Amino Acid Dating. Is it reliable? Now, let's look at some specific examples. One type of atom that does not normally react is Neon. See the picture to the left.) It already has the correct number of electrons in it's outside electron layer so Neon does not react. Neon, along with Helium and Argon are known as non- reacting gasses because they do not need to react to be stable. Curriculum For Dd Adults there. Other types of atoms such as Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen do not have the correct number of electrons to be stable by itself. Instead they have to share electrons in molecules to get the correct number of electrons in their outside electron layer.
Since we only have to look at the atom that is in the center of the molecule to find out it's shape, we will concentrate only on Carbon and Oxygen. All the molecules illustrated on this page either have a Carbon or an Oxygen as the center atom. Carbon will especially be of interest since Carbon is the center atom for all the different Amino Acids. Both Carbon and Oxygen have a deficiency. Neither C nor O have the proper number of electrons in their outside electron layer. Sex Dating In Ranchito New Mexico more. Because of that, they are not stable by themselves. They must react with other atoms to get the proper number of electrons in the outside layer.
Oxygen is short 2 electrons. So it must form two covalent bonds to obtain 2 more electrons than it normally has by itself. The picture to the left will help you visually to see how covalent bonds can help increase the number of electrons that an atom can have. Oxygen can either form two single bonds or one double bond.
Water is a good example where Oxygen attaches to 2 different atoms, each by a single bond. Carbon dioxide is a good example where Oxygen attaches to just one molecule through a single double bond.
Either way, the Octet Rule is satisfied and the molecule is stable. Carbon is short 4 electrons. It must form four covalent bonds in any combination of single and double bonds so that it ends up with 4 extra electrons. Looking at the picture to the left (or above) we see that Carbon can be satisfied with either 4 single bonds or 2 double bonds. A third alternative is that 1 double bond and 2 single bonds will also work.) A double bond allows 4 electrons to be shared.
A double bond allows an atom to gain 2 more electrons through sharing. Looking at the picture to the left (or above) we can see that Carbon usually shares all its electrons with other atoms.
It does this because it has to double the number of electrons to get an octet. Oxygen on the other hand shares only two electrons with other atoms. The other 4 electrons it keeps for itself. What Determines the Shape of a Molecule? Now that we know about covalent bonds and how an atom achieves an octet, we only need one more fact to understand why molecules have specific shapes. Here it is. All electrons are negatively charged.
What do we know about like charges? They repel each other. We can see the same exact thing happen with magnets. If we have two magnets and we try to push two like poles together (Either North with North or South with South), we see that they push each other away.
That is what the electrons do to each other. They try to get as far away from each other as possible. Now remember, covalent bonds have two electrons. These two electrons because they are part of the same bond, are forced to be in the same area because they act as a single unit, a covalent bond. So what happens is that each bond tries to get as far away from all the other bonds. They spread apart since they repel each other. In the Water molecule pictured to the left (or above) we see that it has two pairs of unshared electrons.
These behave very much like the electrons in covalent bonds. They stick together in pairs. So whether electrons are shared or not they behave the same. They repel each other.
In the Carbon dioxide molecule, 4 electrons in each double bond are held together. Since Carbon dioxide has two double bonds, and since a double bond acts as a unit, the two double bonds try to get as far away from each other as possible. What they do is get on the opposite side of the central Carbon from each other. This molecule is straight! Both Methane and Water have a similar shape.
In both structures, we have 4 pairs of electrons trying to get as far away as possible from each other. So they go in all different directions. Water is a bent molecule because the unshared electrons force the two Hydrogens to come toward each other a little bit. This allows all the electrons to be more or less equally spaced apart. Methane should be very interesting to us because it's structure is just like the Amino Acids that we are going to be looking at.
All four Hydrogens are spread apart as far as they can be from each other. The Structure of Amino Acids Let's look at the central carbon of an Amino Acid. It is called the a Carbon. The a Carbon has the same distribution of electrons as we saw in Methane. The four bonds are spread apart as far as they can be from each other. Often when we draw molecules on paper.