Learn about gallstones (gall stones) diet and symptoms like biliary colic, constant pain in the middle or right of the upper abdomen accompanied by nausea. Gallstones. Symptoms. There are several different "warning signs" to look for to help determine if you or someone you love has scoliosis. Should you notice any one or more of. If you think WVMLS is just a source of listing info, you're in for a surprise! Welcome to the Willamette Valley Multiple Listing Service, Oregon's first MLS serving.
Heartburn, Reflux, GERD symptoms and treatment Heartburn, Reflux & GERD Everyone occasionally has heartburn. This occurs when stomach acid flows backward into the esophagus, the food pipe that carries food to the stomach. People usually experience heartburn after meals as a burning sensation or pain behind the breast bone. Often, regurgitation of food and bitter- tasting stomach acid accompanies heartburn. Antacids or milk temporarily relieves heartburn for most people. Why Does Heartburn Occur?
To understand heartburn, let us look at the body's anatomy. The esophagus carries food and liquid to the stomach. A sphincter, or muscular valve, is located at the end of the esophagus at the border between the esophagus and stomach. Known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) this muscle contracts much the same as the anus does. The sphincter should maintain a certain pressure to keep the end of the esophagus closed so that stomach juices are not admitted.
The LES muscle should only open when food is passed into the stomach. However, the LES muscle does not always work perfectly.
It is felt that the problem is with inappropriate, transient relaxations of this sphincter valve that result in reflux. Sphincter function can be easily overcome by a number of factors, the most common being eating a large meal. Along with swallowed air, a large meal causes an upward pressure in the stomach to rise, thereby overpowering the LES muscle. Other factors that reduce the LES pressure and allow reflux are: Nicotine (cigarettes)Fried or fatty foods.
Chocolate. Coffee. Citrus fruits and juices. Peppermint. Pregnancy. Lying flat. Hiatus hernia. Certain prescription medications Heartburn is common, but is it serious? Heartburn and reflux are extremely common, with 1. Twenty- five percent of pregnant women have heartburn.
Even though heartburn is common, it is rarely life threatening. Severe cases, however, can result in injury to the lower esophagus that requires treatment. What is a Hiatus Hernia? The esophagus passes through a muscle, called the diaphragm, which separates the lungs from the abdomen. When the opening in the diaphragm enlarges, a portion of the stomach can protrude (herniate) through it into the chest.
This is called a hiatal hernia. A persistent hiatal hernia may produce significant heartburn. Many people with a hiatus hernia do not experience heartburn.
However, 4. 0- 5. A hiatal hernia and GERD can occur independently from one another. Complications and Unusual Presentations. Besides heartburn, the other major problems that can develop with reflux are: Chronic bleeding and anemia. Scar formation and narrowing, known as a stricture, of the lower esophagus which may cause swallowing difficulty or a complete blockage preventing the passage of food. A stricture usually can be treated by a stretching procedure of the area referred to as dilatation.
Barrett's Esophagus, which occurs when long- term reflux irritates the lower esophagus so that the stomach lining actually grows into the esophagus. In these cases, there is a small, but definite, risk of a subsequent malignancy. Barrett's Esophagus requires periodic monitoring with endoscopy to detect early cancer states. The BARRX ablation procedure is a safe and effective treatment for Barrett's Esophagus resulting in an elimination of the abnormal tissue. You can read more here. Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EE) EE was first reported over 3 decades ago and has had an increasing incidence. It has a seasonal incidence that is greatest in the late summer and fall.
Hernia Definition Hernia is a general term used to describe a bulge or protrusion of an organ through the structure or muscle that usually contains it. Description. The spleen is a brown, flat, oval-shaped lymphatic organ that filters and stores blood to protect the body from infections and blood loss. Protected by our ribs, the.
The gallbladder is a small organ that is used to store bile, which breaks up the fat in food. Gallstones, gallbladder disease and gallbladder attacks are common.
It is an allergic,inflammatory response in the esophagus with an infiltration of eosinophils (inflammatory cells) in the lining of the esophagus. EE can present with reflux- like symptoms of heartburn, pain, or swallowing difficulty. Adults with EE often present with swallowing difficulty to solids and have a history of recurrent food impaction (food getting stuck). EE patients are treated for reflux and may require topical steroid treatment. These patients should undergo allergic testing followed by appropriate dietary manipulations and eliminations. Unfortunately, recurrence of symptoms in EE is the rule rather than the exception. Lung problems when reflux of stomach fluid trickle into the breathing tubes, causing wheezing, bronchitis and even pneumonia.
Reflux is considered the third most common cause of asthma and cough. Gastroesphageal Reflux (GERD) and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR) During gastroesophageal reflux, the acidic stomach contents may travel backwards all the way up the esophagus, beyond the upper esophageal sphincter (the ring of muscle at the top of the esophagus), and into the back of the throat and possibly into the back of the nasal airway. This condition is known as laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), which can affect anyone. Adults with LPR often complain that the back of their throat has a bitter taste.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. It may be acute or chronic. In the United States, appendicitis is the most common cause of abdominal pain resulting in.
They can also have a sensation of burning or something being “stuck.” Some may have difficulty breathing if the voice box is affected.
The Human Spleen. The spleen is a brown, flat, oval- shaped lymphatic organ that filters and stores blood to protect the body from infections and blood loss. Protected by our ribs, the spleen is located between the stomach and the diaphragm in the left hypochondriac region of the abdominal body cavity. The splenic artery branches off from the aorta and the celiac trunk to deliver oxygenated blood to the spleen, while the splenic vein carries deoxygenated blood away from the spleen Continue Scrolling To Read More Below..
Continued From Above.. A tough connective tissue capsule surrounds the soft inner tissue of the spleen. Spongy inner tissue within the spleen contains many tiny blood vessels and hollow sinuses that store blood.
The spleen can release its stored blood into circulation to replace blood lost during a traumatic injury. Many platelets are also stored with the blood in the spleen to help form blood clots to prevent further blood loss.
Around the vessels and sinuses of the spleen are regions of red pulp and white pulp with a marginal zone in between. The red pulp regions contain many net- like reticular fibers that filter worn- out red blood cells from the blood flowing through the spleen. Captured red blood cells are digested to recycle the iron and protein components of hemoglobin. The marginal zone between the red and white pulp acts as a filter to capture pathogens in the blood and pass these pathogens on to the white pulp.
White pulp regions of the spleen are made of lymphatic tissue containing macrophages, T lymphocytes, and B lymphocytes that destroy pathogens in the blood and produce antibodies. The spleen may enlarge during certain infections due to an increase in the number of white blood cells, captured pathogens and antibodies inside the spleen. The spleen is not a vital organ — its functions are useful but not essential for life. Red bone marrow, the liver, and lymph nodes can complete the filtration and blood recycling functions of the spleen in its absence. Because it is not a vital organ and is so soft, spongy, and vascular, damage to the spleen is almost always treated by its complete removal.
Untreated damage to the spleen can quickly lead to massive internal hemorrhaging and eventual death. Prepared by Tim Taylor, Anatomy and Physiology Instructor.
Ulcers Natural Health Hoffman Center. Share: October 4, 2. By Dr. Ronald Hoffman. Up to 1. 2 percent of Americans have ulcers at some point in life. Peptic ulcers are sores found in the lining of your stomach or of your duodenum, the upper portion of your small intestine. Duodenal ulcers are the more common, accounting for 3/4 of all cases.
Ulceration occurs when the stomach’s or duodenum’s mucosal lining cannot withstand the corrosive action of gastric juice, which your stomach’s lining secretes to break down your meals. Gastric juice, which consists of hydrochloric acid and an enzyme, pepsin, which breaks down protein, can digest any living tissue, including your stomach and duodenum. Normally, both your stomach and duodenum are bathed constantly in gastric acid. But protective mechanisms, including the work of prostaglandins, which govern secretion of mucus from your stomach lining, and your food and saliva’s ability to dilute acid, prevent your stomach from digesting itself.
In the past few years, medical thinking about peptic ulcers has changed dramatically: Doctors used to think that having ulcers meant that you produced too much gastric acid. Some people with duodenal ulcers do secrete abnormal amounts of acid, but as many as half do not. And in most cases of gastric or stomach ulcers, acid is normal or even reduced.
Now researchers recognize that the causes are more complex and may include a failure of your stomach’s cytoprotection. Other contributing factors may be smoking, alcohol, family predisposition, emotional stress and even bacterial infection or the use of common pain- killing medications such as aspirin. Peptic ulcers are chronic; they may recur at any time. Ulcers are rarely a prelude to cancer, but some ulcers, especially gastric ulcers, are an erosion of the stomach due to cancer.
Even if ulcers are not cancerous, they can be very dangerous. An untreated ulcer can cause intestinal obstruction or rapid bleeding into your intestinal tract, which can be fatal. And like a ruptured appendix, an ulcer that erodes all the way through the wall of your stomach or duodenum can cause peritonitis. If you have an ulcer and any of these complications set in, you may need surgery.
Thankfully, because of new drugs, ulcer surgery has become relatively rare. Certainly there are some steps you can take to avoid such a dire solution to ulcers. Dating Athletic Women more. Fueling an ulcer’s fire. The first sign of an ulcer may be a good deal of belching and bloating, so that you may think you have a bad case of gas pains. But the pain becomes sharp and constant, and sometimes feels like a “stitch” somewhere between your navel and the base of your breastbone. It may be particularly gnawing between meals or when your stomach is empty; you feel some relief after you eat something–but perplexingly, the reverse also can be true. Even after an ulcer heals you may feel pain in that portion of your gut if you eat or drink anything that irritates your stomach lining.
One woman in her early 3. As far as we know, moderate consumption of alcohol and caffeine doesn’t cause ulcers. But alcohol and caffeine do stimulate acid secretion in your stomach, as does decaffeinated coffee.
Caffeine also blocks production of prostaglandins, weakening your stomach’s cytoprotection. So any of these ingredients of popular beverages can exacerbate an ulcer you already have. Surprisingly, so can milk, which used to be a mainstay of ulcer patients’ diets.
Initially, milk does neutralize stomach acid–but then, acting on the rebound, it prompts the production of even more. Stress may not cause ulcers as frequently as most doctors once thought, but it can increase pain or flare- ups. One Australian study found that duodenal ulcers frequently recur when patients go through marital separation or divorce. Genes and gender also may contribute to ulcers: You’re three times as likely to get an ulcer if any of your relatives have them. Men get twice as many duodenal ulcers, while the rate of gastric ulcers is about the same in both sexes.
Smoking–even chewing nicotine gum–certainly does cause ulcers. In fact, smoking not only doubles your risk of coming down with an ulcer but slows its healing and contributes to recurrence.
If you quit smoking and take no medication at all, your ulcer will heal more quickly than if you down drugs conscientiously but continue to smoke. Another sure cause of ulcers is regular use of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory medications such as Motrin or Advil. Arthritis patients are particularly apt to take these drugs habitually over a long period of time. But aspirin and similar medications inhibit your stomach’s production of prostaglandins, which are the key substances for cytoprotection.
Prostaglandins govern mucus secretion and other mechanisms that protect your stomach’s mucosal lining from injury by gastric juice, as well as other chemicals. If you stop taking the offending medications, your ulcers usually clear up.
What is the gallbladder? The gallbladder is basically a pear- shaped pouch for storing bile - a liquid made by the liver to help digest fatty foods.
However, if one of the bile ducts - the tubes that transport bile from the liver to the gallbladder and also from the gallbladder to the digestive tract - gets blocked with sludge or gallstones, or is infected or inflamed, the person can experience pain. Causes of gallbladder Pain. Although a person with a gallbladder problem may not have any symptoms, sometimes a problem can cause severe abdominal pain.
Medical conditions that can cause gallbladder pain are: Biliary colic: An intermittent blockage of a duct from gallstones or bile sludge (sometimes referred to as uncomplicated gallstone disease)Acute cholecystitis: Inflammation of gallbladder tissue. Acute pancreatitis: Sometimes linked to gallstones formed in the gallbladder blocking the pancreatic duct (which merges with one of the bile ducts), causing inflammation of the pancreas. Cholangitis: An infection of the bile ducts. Gallbladder location and function. The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver.
The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. After meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size of a small pear. In response to signals, the gallbladder squeezes stored bile into the small intestine through a series of tubes called ducts.
Bile helps digest fats, but the gallbladder itself is not essential. Removing the gallbladder in an otherwise healthy individual typically causes no observable problems with health or digestion, yet there may be a small risk of diarrhoea and fat malabsorption.
Gallbladder pain symptoms. The type of gallbladder pain will depend on the cause and may be accompanied by other symptoms. Biliary colic: The pain is often sudden and increases rapidly in the upper abdomen, usually just under the right side of the ribs but also in the centre, and can spread to the right shoulder blade. It can occur at any time, day or night, and typically lasts from 1 to 5 hours, but it could last for just a few minutes.
It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and a mild ache may last for a day. There can be weeks or months between attacks or only one attack. Eating fatty foods can sometimes trigger an attack. Acute cholecystitis: The pain is severe and steady, lasting longer than biliary colic.
It occurs in the right abdominal area and can spread towards the right shoulder. Pain is made worse by moving or coughing. The abdomen will be tender if touched or pressed, and the pain may occur with nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and bloating. If these symptoms occur without the presence of gallstones but as a complication of trauma, it is known as acalculous cholecystitis.
Acute pancreatitis: Severe abdominal pain just below the ribs that builds up over a couple of days; it can radiate to the back and the abdomen will be tender. The pain increases after eating and there may be nausea and vomiting. Cholangitis: Upper right abdominal discomfort at first, turning into abdominal pain that can be accompanied by fever and chills, itching and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin). This condition needs emergency medical treatment. You should seek medical advice immediately if you develop abdominal pain that lasts for more than 8 hours, or if the pain is so intense that you cannot find a position that provides relief, or if you have a high temperature or chills, or if there is jaundice.