Liver cancer - Symptoms and causes. Overview. Liver cancer is cancer that begins in the cells of your liver. Your liver is a football- sized organ that sits in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach. Several types of cancer can form in the liver. The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which begins in the main type of liver cell (hepatocyte). Other types of liver cancer, such as intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are much less common. Not all cancers that affect the liver are considered liver cancer.
Cancer that begins in another area of the body — such as the colon, lung or breast — and then spreads to the liver is called metastatic cancer rather than liver cancer. And this type of cancer is named after the organ in which it began — such as metastatic colon cancer to describe cancer that begins in the colon and spreads to the liver. Cancer that spreads to the liver is more common than cancer that begins in the liver cells. Liver cancer care at Mayo Clinic. Types. Symptoms. Most people don't have signs and symptoms in the early stages of primary liver cancer.
Appendicitis occurs when bacteria grow in the appendix, a worm-shaped pouch attached to the large intestine. Appendicitis symptoms include belly. We will now take a closer look at the more common causes of pains in the upper abdominal area. Right Upper Abdominal Pain. The upper right abdomen contains the. LIVER AND BILIARY DISEASE Ed Friedlander, M.D., Pathologist email@example.com No texting or chat messages, please. Ordinary e-mails are welcome.
When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include: Losing weight without trying. Loss of appetite. Upper abdominal pain. Nausea and vomiting. General weakness and fatigue. Abdominal swelling. Yellow discoloration of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)White, chalky stools.
When to see a doctor. Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience any signs or symptoms that worry you. Causes. It's not clear what causes most cases of liver cancer. But in some cases, the cause is known.
For instance, chronic infection with certain hepatitis viruses can cause liver cancer. Liver cancer occurs when liver cells develop changes (mutations) in their DNA — the material that provides instructions for every chemical process in your body. DNA mutations cause changes in these instructions. One result is that cells may begin to grow out of control and eventually form a tumor — a mass of cancerous cells. Risk factors. Factors that increase the risk of primary liver cancer include: Chronic infection with HBV or HCV. Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) increases your risk of liver cancer. Cirrhosis. This progressive and irreversible condition causes scar tissue to form in your liver and increases your chances of developing liver cancer.
Dizziness — Comprehensive overview covers types, symptoms, causes, treatments of this common health concern. Liver cancer — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma.
Certain inherited liver diseases. Liver diseases that can increase the risk of liver cancer include hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease. Diabetes. People with this blood sugar disorder have a greater risk of liver cancer than those who don't have diabetes. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. An accumulation of fat in the liver increases the risk of liver cancer. Exposure to aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are poisons produced by molds that grow on crops that are stored poorly.
Crops such as corn and peanuts can become contaminated with aflatoxins, which can end up in foods made of these products. In the United States, safety regulations limit aflatoxin contamination.
Aflatoxin contamination is more common in certain parts of Africa and Asia. Free Uk Dating Website. Excessive alcohol consumption.
Consuming more than a moderate amount of alcohol daily over many years can lead to irreversible liver damage and increase your risk of liver cancer. Prevention. Reduce your risk of cirrhosis.
Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver, and it increases the risk of liver cancer. You can reduce your risk of cirrhosis if you: Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
If you choose to drink alcohol, limit the amount you drink. For women, this means no more than one drink a day. For men, this means no more than two drinks a day. Maintain a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, reduce the number of calories you eat each day and increase the amount of exercise you do. Aim to lose weight slowly — 1 or 2 pounds (0.
Use caution with chemicals. Follow instructions on chemicals you use at home or at work. Get vaccinated against hepatitis BYou can reduce your risk of hepatitis B by receiving the hepatitis B vaccine, which provides more than 9. True Dating Stories here.
The vaccine can be given to almost anyone, including infants, older adults and those with compromised immune systems. Take measures to prevent hepatitis CNo vaccine for hepatitis C exists, but you can reduce your risk of infection.
Know the health status of any sexual partner. Don't engage in unprotected sex unless you're certain your partner isn't infected with HBV, HCV or any other sexually transmitted infection. If you don't know the health status of your partner, use a condom every time you have sexual intercourse.
Don't use intravenous (IV) drugs, but if you do, use a clean needle. Reduce your risk of HCV by not injecting illegal drugs. But if that isn't an option for you, make sure any needle you use is sterile, and don't share it.