What is the gallbladder? The gallbladder is basically a pear- shaped pouch for storing bile - a liquid made by the liver to help digest fatty foods. However, if one of the bile ducts - the tubes that transport bile from the liver to the gallbladder and also from the gallbladder to the digestive tract - gets blocked with sludge or gallstones, or is infected or inflamed, the person can experience pain. Causes of gallbladder Pain. Although a person with a gallbladder problem may not have any symptoms, sometimes a problem can cause severe abdominal pain. Medical conditions that can cause gallbladder pain are: Biliary colic: An intermittent blockage of a duct from gallstones or bile sludge (sometimes referred to as uncomplicated gallstone disease)Acute cholecystitis: Inflammation of gallbladder tissue. Acute pancreatitis: Sometimes linked to gallstones formed in the gallbladder blocking the pancreatic duct (which merges with one of the bile ducts), causing inflammation of the pancreas.
Cholangitis: An infection of the bile ducts. Gallbladder location and function. The gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver.
Developed through the hybridization of rape seed, canola oil is actually a delicate oil that turns rancid very quickly. Deodorizers are typically used in the making.
The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. After meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. Before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile and about the size of a small pear. In response to signals, the gallbladder squeezes stored bile into the small intestine through a series of tubes called ducts.
Bile helps digest fats, but the gallbladder itself is not essential. Removing the gallbladder in an otherwise healthy individual typically causes no observable problems with health or digestion, yet there may be a small risk of diarrhoea and fat malabsorption. Gallbladder pain symptoms. The type of gallbladder pain will depend on the cause and may be accompanied by other symptoms. Biliary colic: The pain is often sudden and increases rapidly in the upper abdomen, usually just under the right side of the ribs but also in the centre, and can spread to the right shoulder blade. It can occur at any time, day or night, and typically lasts from 1 to 5 hours, but it could last for just a few minutes.
It may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and a mild ache may last for a day. There can be weeks or months between attacks or only one attack.
Eating fatty foods can sometimes trigger an attack. Acute cholecystitis: The pain is severe and steady, lasting longer than biliary colic. It occurs in the right abdominal area and can spread towards the right shoulder. Pain is made worse by moving or coughing.
The abdomen will be tender if touched or pressed, and the pain may occur with nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and bloating. If these symptoms occur without the presence of gallstones but as a complication of trauma, it is known as acalculous cholecystitis. Acute pancreatitis: Severe abdominal pain just below the ribs that builds up over a couple of days; it can radiate to the back and the abdomen will be tender. The pain increases after eating and there may be nausea and vomiting. Cholangitis: Upper right abdominal discomfort at first, turning into abdominal pain that can be accompanied by fever and chills, itching and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin). This condition needs emergency medical treatment.
You should seek medical advice immediately if you develop abdominal pain that lasts for more than 8 hours, or if the pain is so intense that you cannot find a position that provides relief, or if you have a high temperature or chills, or if there is jaundice.
In this two-part series, I will address the main claims made by proponents of the alkaline diet, and clear up confusion about what it means for your health. What is a low carb diet, really? When can a low carb diet be beneficial? Should everyone follow a low carb diet? Or, can a low carb diet ruin your health? Toma muchos líquidos. La diarrea hace que el organismo se deshidrate. Para evitar la deshidratación, debes tomar muchos líquidos claros. El agua es importante.
Colonic Diverticular Disease. Colonic diverticulosis is among the most common diseases in developed Western countries. In the United States, diverticulosis occurs in approximately one third of the population older than age 4. Definition and causes. A diverticulum is a saclike protrusion in the colonic wall that develops as a result of herniation of the mucosa and submucosa through points of weakness in the muscular wall of the colon.
The colonic diverticulum is a false or pulsion diverticulum- that is, it does not contain all layers of the colonic wall. Diverticulosis indicates the presence of multiple diverticula and generally implies an absence of symptoms (Fig. Diverticular disease implies any clinical state caused by diverticula, including hemorrhage, inflammation, or their complications. Diverticulitis describes the presence of an inflammatory process associated with diverticula. Its pathogenesis is attributed to genetic and environmental factors (Box 1).
Box 1: Factors Involved in the Pathogenesis of Colonic Diverticula. Genetic factors. Environmental factors. Low- fiber diet. Obesity.
Decreased physical activity. Corticosteroids. NSAIDs. Alcohol. Caffeine intake. Cigarette smoking. Polycystic kidney disease.
Epidemiologic factors. Age. Geography. Life style. Ethnicity. Back to Top.
Prevalence. The actual prevalence of diverticulosis is difficult to measure because most individuals are asymptomatic. Comparisons of the earliest and most recent autopsies and barium enema studies have indicated that the worldwide prevalence is increasing over time (Box 2). Box 2: Prevalence of Diverticulosis. Studies so far include barium examinations and necropsy series. These may be misleading for determining the actual prevalence rate, however, mainly because barium studies may overestimate the prevalence of diverticulosis in people who have been referred for gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, and necropsy series may either overestimate the frequency of diverticula in older age groups or miss the presence of small diverticula in younger populations.
Whether these findings are the results of increased numbers of older individuals in the population, increased screening, or an actual increase in prevalence is unknown. Younger patients presenting earlier than age 4.
Back to Top. Pathophysiology. Colonic diverticulosis in general is an acquired disease, developing as mucosal and submucosal herniations through the circular muscle layer at vulnerable weak points of the colonic wall. Diverticula are covered only by serosa, and tend to develop at four well- defined points around the circumference of the colon, where the vasa recta penetrate the muscular layer. These vessels enter the colonic wall on either side of the mesenteric teniae and on the mesenteric border of the two antimesenteric teniae.
Diverticula do not develop in the rectum, presumably because of the coalescence of the teniae with the longitudinal muscle layer that marks the junction between the sigmoid colon and the rectum. In the colon, the presence of anatomic and physiologic changes contributes to the development of diverticula (Box 3).
Mycosis, a set of findings consisting of the thickening of the muscular layer, shortening of the teniae, and luminal narrowing, is found in most patients with sigmoid diverticula. Box 3: Physiologic and Anatomic Colonic Changes in Diverticula Formation. Mycosis. Changes in mechanical features of colonic wall. Changes in structural components of colonic wall.
Elevated intraluminal pressure. Segmentation. The mechanical features of the colonic wall change with increasing age. Combined barostat- manometry studies of the entire colon have demonstrated that compliance is lowest in the sigmoid and descending colon and greatest in the transverse and ascending colon.
This difference in mechanical properties between the right and left sides might partly account for the left- sided predominance of diverticulosis. Structural components of the extracellular matrix of the colonic wall, including collagen, elastin, and proteoglycans, are likely to be important in maintaining the strength and integrity of the colonic wall. Changes in these components of the bowel wall, such as damage and breakdown of mature collagen, and consequently its immature synthesis can lead to a change in bowel consistency. These changes may be related to a genetic predisposition such as that seen in Ehlers- Danlos and Marfan's syndromes, which may be responsible for the occurrence of diverticula at an early age, or to the natural course of the aging process itself. In one study, it has been reported that collagen fibrils in the left colon are smaller and more tightly packed than those in the right colon with increasing age, and that this difference is accentuated in diverticular disease. The thickening of longitudinal and circular muscles in diverticular disease is neither hyperplastic nor hypertropic, but appears to be related to a contractile state.
How to Treat or Slow Down Diarrhea. Staying hydrated and eating the right foods often help, but in the end (no pun intended) you just have to get some rest and wait it out. If the episode of diarrhea gets too bad, it's time to go see a doc. The following cases require seeking emergency treatment: Vomiting or diarrhea in a newborn under 3 months (call as soon as it starts)Kids older than 3 months vomiting for more than 1.
Diarrhea lasting more than 3 days. Bloody, black, or oily looking stools. Abdominal pain that doesn't get better with a bowel movement.
Dehydration symptoms including dizziness, weakness or muscle cramps. Fever, along with diarrhea, of more than 1. Recent travel outside the country (Traveler's Diarrhea)People with whom you've eaten complaining of diarrhea.
Diarrhea after starting a new medication. Sources: "Travelers’ Diarrhea." 1.
Feb 2. 00. 8. Centers for Disease Control. CDC. 1. 2 Mar 2. 00. Diarrhea." 2. 0 Feb 2. Medline Plus. USNLM/NIH.
Mar 2. 00. 8"Diarrhea." Mar 2. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. NIDDK. 2. 3 Mar 2. Xiao, L., Ding, G., Ding, Y., Deng, C., Ze, X., Chen, L., … Ben, X. Facilities For Autistic Adults more. Effect of probiotics on digestibility and immunity in infants: A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Medicine, 9. MD. 0. 00. 00. 00.
What Your Poop Says About Your Health (For Serious)What does your poop say about your health? This may sound like a joke, but you can actually learn a lot about your health from your daily doo. In this post I’ll give you the full scoop… on what is and isn’t a good poop. Has your doctor ever asked you about your poop? Didn’t think so. Did your parents tell you what to look for? Nope. But Mama Natural is going there!
Hippocrates says that all disease begins in the gut. SO we wanna be sure that what’s coming out of the gut looks good. There are three main things to look for. I’ll cover them all below and in this video. What Your Poop Says About You Video. Best Bowel Movements #1. Frequency.
It’s best to have at least one complete bowel movement a day. You should feel like your bowels have emptied rather than just partially eliminated.
Some people have bowel movements 2- 3 times a day. This can be because of faster metabolisms, more robust good bacteria, or the quantity of food they eat. If you are eliminating more than 3 times a day, you are entering into the world of diarrhea which I will address next.
Some people will say if you have bowel movements every couple of days it’s fine, but I disagree. This one of our body’s greatest ways to eliminate toxins, acids and other stuff, so it’s best to do daily. Best Bowel Movements #2. Form. This is important, and it isn’t talked about often. We want to be sure our poops are well formed. This ensures we’ve digested and assimilated the nutrients from our food, and are eliminating acids and toxins properly. Here’s a handy reference called the Bristol chart to gauge your bowel movements.
Type 1: Separate hard lumps, like little balls (hard to pass)Type 2: Sausage- shaped, but lumpy. Type 3: Like a sausage but with cracks on its surface.
Type 4: Like a sausage or snake, smooth and soft. Type 5: Soft blobs with clear cut edges (passed easily)Type 6: Fluffy pieces with ragged edges, a mushy stool. Type 7: Watery, no solid pieces. Entirely liquid. Can you guess where you want to be on the chart? If you said #4, you’re right! You wanna have nice tubular shape.
Think long bananas that don’t break apart when you flush. The Perfect poop comes out with ease, smells more like super- ripe fruit than something terrible, and you barely need to wipe. It’s better to be a 3 than a 5 or 6. Diarrhea is harder to control and typically stems from harder issues to fix.
With diarrhea, you may also have a level of malabsorption going on so you aren’t getting the nutrients you need. Stool too loose? If you find that your stool is soft, mushy, or liquidy or too frequent, there are several things you could do.
First, I would talk to your doctor to see what he/she says and do some testing like a comprehensive stool analysis. In the meantime, to firm up your stool, consume more foods on the BRAT diet. This stands for. Bananas. Rice. Apples/apple sauce. Toast or Tea. These foods have qualities like tannins that can actually help firm up stool for better bowel movements. You can also consume a teaspoon or two of food- grade bentonite clay. This helps to bind and absorb toxins, and will often firm up loose stool.
You also would want to take some good probiotics and eliminate irritants like gluten, wheat or too many grains, nuts or seeds until your gut is healed. Stool too hard? If you find your stool is too hard or infrequent, you can also talk to your doctor about testing. Consider doing a full thyroid panel.
Also, adding a little magnesium support to your diet can help tremendously. I like Ancient Minerals magnesium spray or these magnesium supplements. You can also just add magnesium- rich foods to your diet. Magnesium draws water into the bowel, making stool softer and easier to eliminate. It also relaxes the muscles in the intestinal wall, which helps with constipation. You can also add in some good probiotics. I like Prescript Assist soil- based ones.
Cod liver oil and healthy fats can also keep things moving, and so can soaked chia seeds or other nuts and seeds. Pears are also wonderful – two a day will keep things moving. Yoga and abdominal massage are great tools. Other people have success using a castor oil pack on their abdomen a few times a week.
Another trick you can try is to drop 1 drop of Peppermint essential oil into your toilet and sit down. It will stimulate your bowels and often result in a movement. Best Bowel Movements #3. Color. Okay, we’ve talked about form, now let’s talk about color.
Believe it or not, color matters! We want our stools to be a nice medium- to dark- brown color. Think milk chocolate. If your stool is black, it could be a sign of blood in your upper GI tract. If you have yellow poop or green poop, could be from fat malabsorption or liver or gallbladder stress. Drink beet kvass, Swedish bitters, or take HCL/Pepsin or other digestive enzymes to help you break down fat. Keep in mind if you eat certain foods or food dyes your stool color may change.
For example, if you eat lots of beets, your stools could take on a reddish hue.