Bipolar disorder Disease Reference Guide. Overview. Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression). When you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. When your mood shifts to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania), you may feel euphoric, full of energy or unusually irritable.
Bipolar disorder vitamins, herbs, and supplement that may offer some help and relief, natural therapy and remedy using nutritional supplementation. Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of elevated mood. The elevated mood is. DBSA provides information on depression and bipolar disorder, online tools, and support groups across the USA. Find help from the leading national organization for. Is treatment for bipolar I different from treatment for bipolar II? Answers from Daniel K. Hall-Flavin, M.D. Treatment for bipolar disorder, formerly called manic.
These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior and the ability to think clearly. Episodes of mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year. While most people will experience some emotional symptoms between episodes, some may not experience any. Although bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, you can manage your mood swings and other symptoms by following a treatment plan. In most cases, bipolar disorder is treated with medications and psychological counseling (psychotherapy). Symptoms. There are several types of bipolar and related disorders. They may include mania or hypomania and depression.
Symptoms can cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, resulting in significant distress and difficulty in life. Bipolar I disorder.
You've had at least one manic episode that may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes. In some cases, mania may trigger a break from reality (psychosis). Bipolar II disorder. You've had at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but you've never had a manic episode.
- Actress Catherine Zeta-Jones undergoes treatment for bipolar II disorder. Read about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, causes and prognosis.
- What is Bipolar Disorder? Read this blog about signs, symptoms and treatments available for those with Bipolar Disorder. Get help if you need it.
- On October 22, The New York Times ran a front-page article about a 10-year-old girl named Haley, suffering with a probable bipolar disorder. Because Haley.
- The first step in diagnosing bipolar disorder is an in-depth discussion with the doctor. Use this mood disorder questionnaire to help with that discussion.
Cyclothymic disorder. You've had at least two years — or one year in children and teenagers — of many periods of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms (though less severe than major depression). Other types. These include, for example, bipolar and related disorders induced by certain drugs or alcohol or due to a medical condition, such as Cushing's disease, multiple sclerosis or stroke.
Bipolar II disorder is not a milder form of bipolar I disorder, but a separate diagnosis. While the manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be severe and dangerous, individuals with bipolar II disorder can be depressed for longer periods, which can cause significant impairment. Although bipolar disorder can occur at any age, typically it's diagnosed in the teenage years or early 2.
Information on Bipolar disorder, a co-morbid disorder commonly associated with Asperger's syndrome and Autism.
Symptoms can vary from person to person, and symptoms may vary over time. Mania and hypomania. Mania and hypomania are two distinct types of episodes, but they have the same symptoms. Mania is more severe than hypomania and causes more noticeable problems at work, school and social activities, as well as relationship difficulties. Mania may also trigger a break from reality (psychosis) and require hospitalization. Both a manic and a hypomanic episode include three or more of these symptoms: Abnormally upbeat, jumpy or wired. Increased activity, energy or agitation.
Exaggerated sense of well- being and self- confidence (euphoria)Decreased need for sleep. Unusual talkativeness.
Racing thoughts. Distractibility. Poor decision- making — for example, going on buying sprees, taking sexual risks or making foolish investments. Major depressive episode. A major depressive episode includes symptoms that are severe enough to cause noticeable difficulty in day- to- day activities, such as work, school, social activities or relationships.
An episode includes five or more of these symptoms: Depressed mood, such as feeling sad, empty, hopeless or tearful (in children and teens, depressed mood can appear as irritability)Marked loss of interest or feeling no pleasure in all — or almost all — activities. Significant weight loss when not dieting, weight gain, or decrease or increase in appetite (in children, failure to gain weight as expected can be a sign of depression)Either insomnia or sleeping too much. Either restlessness or slowed behavior. Fatigue or loss of energy. Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt. Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness.
Thinking about, planning or attempting suicide. Other features of bipolar disorder. Signs and symptoms of bipolar I and bipolar II disorders may include other features, such as anxious distress, melancholy, psychosis or others. The timing of symptoms may include diagnostic labels such as mixed or rapid cycling. In addition, bipolar symptoms may occur during pregnancy or change with the seasons. Symptoms in children and teens.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be difficult to identify in children and teens. It's often hard to tell whether these are normal ups and downs, the results of stress or trauma, or signs of a mental health problem other than bipolar disorder. Children and teens may have distinct major depressive or manic or hypomanic episodes, but the pattern can vary from that of adults with bipolar disorder. And moods can rapidly shift during episodes. Some children may have periods without mood symptoms between episodes.
What is Bipolar Disorder? What is Bipolar Disorder? This disorder is also known as “manic- depressive illness”. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder which causes unusual changes in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out every day simple tasks. The symptoms of Bipolar disorder are extreme. The symptoms of Bipolar disorder are very different from the normal highs and lows or ups and downs, which all people experience from time to time. This disorder can result in broken & problematic relationships, poor job and or school performance, and at extreme low’s even suicide.
Being given a diagnosis of Bipolar disorder is devastating but it can be treated, and help those who live with this everyday to lead full and productive lives. What is believed to cause Bipolar Disorder? Many scientists study the possible causes of this disorder and most agree that there is no one cause but rather, many pieces of a puzzle which fit together to make the illness appear or increase the risk that the person with these pieces may be diagnosed at some point.
Some of the puzzle pieces: Genetics: Bipolar disorder can be seen in generations of families. While not every person in the family, who may have the gene, will develop bipolar disorder, their risk of eventually doing so is higher than in those who do not carry the gene. It appears that if a child has a parent or sibling who has been diagnosed with the disorder, they are at a higher risk to develop the disorder, compared to children who do not have a family member or history of the disorder. The good news is that most children with a family member who has been diagnosed with Bipolar disorder, will not be given the same diagnosis.
There are a ton of technological advances in helping to improve the genetic research on Bipolar disorder. One example of these advances is the launch of the Bipolar Disorder Phenome Database, funded in part by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Scientists using this database will be able to link the visible signs of Bipolar disorder with the genes which may have an affect on them. Illnesses with similar symptoms such as depression and schizophrenia are being studied by scientists to find the genetic differences that may help to increase a person’s risk for being diagnosed with Bipolar disorder. Scientists hope that by finding these genes they may also help explain how factors in the environment can also increase a person’s risk of developing Bipolar disorder.
Genes do not appear to be the only risk factor for Bipolar disorder. It appears in some cases that it is a combination of different genes and factors in the environment. In the study of identical twins, for instance, if one twin is diagnosed with Bipolar disorder that does not necessarily mean the other twin will always develop the same disorder, even though they share the same genes. Scientists suspect that many factors play a part in a diagnosis of Bipoar disorder but are still not able to fully understand how they work together to cause Bipolar disorder. Brain structure and functioning: To research further, brain- imaging tools, like the Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (f.
MRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET), give the researchers an opportunity to take images of the brain at work. With these tools, scientists are better able to study the brain’s structure and activity.
Some of these studies show how brain’s of those diagnosed with Bipolar disorder may be different from brains of people who are deemed healthy or to differentiate other mental disorder. One study using the MRI technique, found that the same pattern of brain development in children diagnosed with Bipolar disorder was also similar to “multi- dimensional impairment” which causes symptoms that may overlap with the symptoms of Bipolar disorder and Schizophrenia. The findings suggest that common pattern of brain development may be directly linked to general risk for mood changes which may be sudden and or severe. Grinch Gifts Adults.
The pre- frontal cortex in the brain seems to be smaller and have less function than that of adults who are not diagnosed as Bipolar disorder. This part of the brain is responsible for problem solving and making decisions. The development of the brain in teen year’s suggests that this is when the changes in the brain’s circuit board appears to happen.
Finding the imaging tests may help detect the disorder at an early age or which may give an opportunity for early intervention and diagnosis. One missed connection in the brain regions may cause problems forming memories, learning, and emotional issues. Scientists are striving to know more about how the brain works and how these connections work together to form a health and unhealthy brain.
Learning is important and multi- faceted involving imaging tests and understanding of how all parts of the brain work together with the eventual hope of being able to predict this disorders in people and which treatments will work.
Bipolar Disorder - Research Paper. Bipolar Disorder. Journal Review Paper. There are many mental health problems in the world today.
Schizophrenia, depression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Obsessive- compulsive disorder, and Bipolar disorder are just a few. These disorders are caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that in turn causes the neurotransmitters to decrease or increase and depending on the fluctuation causes the mental health problem. Of the five mental disorders mentioned above, bipolar disorder will be the main focus of this paper. Physiology: The Brain. There are three parts to the brain: the forebrain, cerebrum, and brainstem. All three of these parts work together to perform the daily functions your brain needs to operate correctly. The forebrain contains the cerebrum, thalamus, hypothalamus, and diencephalons and the cerebrum contains the tectum, tegmentum, and white and gray matter (cerebral cortex).
In addition to the forebrain and cerebrum, the brainstem is the most complicated. The brainstem contains three main regions: midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. It also connects to the spinal cord and houses 1. The brain is apart of the central nervous system (CNS) and works along side with the peripheral nervous system (PNS) to control the body's functions. The brain via the nerves controls your emotions, respiration, hunger, and facial expressions. A nerve will send off a signal to the brain, which in turn, triggers an action. Disorder History.
Bipolar disorder may well be one of the oldest known illnesses. It was first spoken of during the second century by Aretaeus of Cappadocia. He recognized symptoms of mania and depression, and felt they might have been related to one another.
Unfortunately his opinion was overlooked until 1. Richard Burton wrote a book, The Anatomy of Melancholia, which expressed his theory on depression.
Burton is credited as being the father of founding depression as a mental illness. Jules Falret, in 1. Francois Baillarger believed there was a difference between bipolar disorder and a very similar disorder called schizophrenia. Baillager's distinction allowed bipolar disorder to have its own classification from other mental disorders of the time. A German psychiatrist by the name Emil Kraeplin was the first one to shine a light on bipolar disorder in the early 1. He referred to the disorder as "manic depressive" because of the relation between both mania and depression.
In 1. 95. 2, an article was published in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorder, which analyzed the behaviors and tied them into genetics. This article revealed that manic depression ran in families that were already affected by this disorder. In the. 19. 70's laws were made to help those who had the disorder. The National Association of Mental Health (NAMI) was founded in 1. What is Bipolar Disorder.
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder where people experience an increase in either mania or major depression. Excitability, hyperactivity, and elation are some characters of mania while suicidal thoughts, sadness, and hopelessness are signs of major depression.
People who have bipolar disorder have unusual shifts in their mood, energy, and ability to function and they also switch between extreme happiness to extreme sadness in a matter of minutes for no particular reason. The symptoms are so severe that they damage relationships, cause poor performance at work or school, and even cause thoughts of suicide. Bipolar disorder can begin as early as adolescence or early adulthood and may go on throughout a person's life.
Because the causes of bipolar disorder are indefinable, there is no cure at the moment. How is Bipolar Disorder acquired. Bipolar disorder can be genetically inherited especially if there is a lineage of depression history. Other aspects that can influence bipolar disorder are surroundings and physiological factors. Neurotransmitters Dopamine, Serotonin, Norepinephrine, and GABA (Gamma Aminobutyric Acid also play a role in the cause of bipolar disorder because too much or too little of these certain neurotransmitters can cause an imbalance of chemicals in the brain.
Symptoms and Tests of Bipolar Disorder. Signs and symptoms of mania (or a manic episode) include. Increased energy, activity, and restlessness. Excessively "high," overly good, euphoric mood. Extreme irritability. Racing thoughts and talking very fast, jumping from one idea to another.
Distractibility, can't concentrate well. Little sleep needed. Unrealistic beliefs in one's abilities and powers.