Eastern Orthodoxy: Eastern Orthodoxy, one of the three major doctrinal and jurisdictional groups of Christianity. It is characterized by its continuity with the. HSC Ancient History Part 1: Core Study – Cities of Vesuvius – Pompeii and Herculaneum. Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings.
As Greece’s debt threatens the rest of Europe and Wall Street, Michael Lewis wonders if the Greeks have wrecked their own ancient civilization.
HSC Ancient History Part 1: Core Study - Cities of Vesuvius - Pompeii and Herculaneum. Geographical contexta. The physical environment: the geographical setting, natural features and resources of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Situated in the Gulf of Naples in the Campania region and located between the ports of Misenum and Stabiae. Pompeii. Built on a Volcanic plateau covering 6. The plateau is located between the Sarno River in the south and the fertile slopes of Vesuvius in the North.
Pompeii was strategically important because it lay on the only route linking north and South and connected the seaside area with the fertile inland. Herculaneum. Was a seaside town located north of Vesuvius. Sources. Fresco from a household shrine in the House of the Centenary entitled “Bacchus and Mt Vesuvius”Vesuvius à symbolises fertility (fertile land) and wine (as evidenced by the grapes) as Bacchus is the god of fertility and wine. Snake is a further symbol of fertility as we can view it as a phallic symbol.
The olive leaves symbolise agriculture. The bird symbolises nature. Thus, the fresco reveals information about the geographical resources of Pompeii and Herculaneum as well as giving a brief insight into some religious views. Pliny the Elder, Natural History“A region blessed by fortune”“warm springs”“shellfish”“Gods of wine and grain”“fine harvest”“nowhere do olives produce more oil”Martial, Epigrams“shaded with green vines”“famed grapes filled the dripping vats”“[Herculaneum] was made glorious by the name of Hercules”Resources. Resource. Evidence. Olive Oil. Pliny the Elder “nowhere do olives produce more oil”“a region blessed by fortune”Olive presses were abundant/commonplace: found in houses, villas and in fields. Perfume. Basic ingredient was olive oil- olive flowers.
Florus “spring comes with its flowers twice a year”Wine. Used for trade, celebration: known for its potency.
Pliny the Elder “Pompeian wines are rather dangerous”“cause a headache”Fishing. Garum was Pompeii’s signature strongly flavoured fish sauce. It was traded. Pliny the Elder “famed beyond any other for their shellfish and fine fish”Wool and Textiles. Booming industry- regional centre for crop marking and dyeing. A building provided by the priestess of Eumachia was the HQ of “Collegium of Fullones” and there was many “fullonicae” scattered around the town. Seneca mentions that a flock of 6.
AD. Fruit and Vegetables. Fruit and veg were central to the economy.
Soil was suited to cabbage and onion. Archaeological evidence of market gardens has been found north of the ampitheatre. Plans and streetscapes of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The town of Pompeii covered an area of 6. It is irregularly shaped and built on terrain that slopes from 1.
Over time, four main areas were developed that were heavily influenced by the Greek principles of urban planning: The forum. The insulae or blocks fronting the Via Stabiana. Vaccines For Asplenic Adults more.
Region VIThe eastern area. The earlier areas were those developed around the Forum and Via Stabiana insulae. The grid pattern, developed in other Roman towns, was not precisely applied to Pompeii. The Greek influence can be seen in the regular layout of the streets and roads and divided the towns into insulae. The blocks varied in size from 8. Some contained only one house while others contained a dozen or more.
Herculaneum followed the classical layout of Greek towns with narrow straight streets that divide the town into insulae. Features. Walls. The fortifications of Pompeii are its walls that surround and enclose the city with a perimeter of 3. The walls have been restored a nd reconstructed on numerous occasions due to the effect of military battles that effected the city. Seven gates open in the walls and many speculate the existence of an eighth “Porta Capua”. Herculaneum had a sea wall, with large vaulted chambers for boats. The oldest circle of wall dates back to the 6th Century BC and was made from blacks of lava and a malleable volcanic stone. By the first half of the 5th century BC a new town had replaced the old one.
The new fortification (possibly due to Greek influence) was constructed by a double parallel ring of walls. Around the end of the 4th century BC. Best Acne Washes For Adults more. The old fortifications were partially replaced by a new one built on approximately the same line as the previous one and made of square blocks of sarno limestone. Toy Story Jokes For Adults'>Toy Story Jokes For Adults. The main reason for the restructuring of the fortifications was the need to prepare the city against the incursions of the Carthaginans led by Hannibal (2.
BC) The single ring of walls was replaced by a double ring with a new wall in tuff from Norcea, built on the embankment, while the external ring was increased in height. Between the two rings of wall, a communication patrol trench was created, accessible by means of special ‘sloping steps’ , still partially visible in the section of fortifications near the Porta Ercolano Gate.