Unique To Older Adults > High Blood Pressure > Aging & Health A To Z > Health in Aging. Hypertension. Unique to Older Adults. This section provides information to help older adults and their caregivers consider their disease or condition in conjunction with other health issues. As older adults live longer, they may have more than one chronic disease. Or, they may have a health problem that can lead to another condition or injury if not properly managed. Older adults may also experience healthcare in various settings, such as the hospital, assisted living facility, or at home. These situations can affect the health and function of the older adult and therefore require careful management to ensure proper care and improve or maintain quality of life. Blood Pressure Targets are Different for Very Old Adults. High blood pressure (also called hypertension) increases your chance of having a stroke. It also increases your chances of developing kidney damage, heart disease, and many other serious health problems. If you have high blood pressure, there are a number of changes your healthcare provider will recommend you make. These include lowering the amount of salt in your diet, exercising more, quitting if you smoke, and losing weight if you are overweight. If these changes do not work well enough, your provider might also suggest that you take certain medications to lower your blood pressure to a safe level. A person’s target blood pressure should be specific to their individual needs. For example, the ideal blood pressure goal for very old people is not clear. This is because there have been few research studies about blood pressure that included this age group. High blood pressure can damage organs, such as kidneys. However, this occurs much more slowly or might not be obvious in very old people. In fact, it has been found that lowering blood pressure too much in very old people does not reduce their risk of dying and actually might be harmful. In addition, many people over the age of 6.
This happens when blood pressure is suddenly too low. This condition is known as postural or orthostatic hypotension. It poses a danger of fractures and other serious injury. This is especially a concern in frail older people who often suffer as well from osteoporosis (thinning bones). They are more prone to a fracture if they fall. Therefore, many doctors now set a target of 1. Hg, 1. 50/8. 0 mm. Hg, or 1. 50/8. 5 mm.
Hg for older individuals. Blood pressure medications should be started slowly in older people and increased gradually. This avoids a sudden drop in blood pressure levels. Click on each of the topics below to read more. High Blood Pressure and Edema: If you have high blood pressure, you may notice swelling in some parts of your body. This buildup of fluids is called peripheral edema.
It usually occurs in your ankles, feet, lower legs, hands, arms, and lungs. It is often the result of some amount of heart failure that can be caused by high blood pressure (see below). However, it can also be linked to certain medications that your healthcare provider may prescribe to lower your blood pressure. These medications can include calcium channel blockers.
Other medications may also have this effect, such as non- steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). If you have edema, you will notice that if you press a finger into the swollen area, it will leave an indentation. This is known as pitting. Calcium channel blocker- related edema happens more often in women and the chance of having it increases if you: are olderare taking high doses of certain calcium channel blockersspend a relatively long time standing or sitting with your feet hanging down during the day. Your healthcare provider can help the edema to decrease by changing your blood pressure medication, lowering the dosage, or adding another medication. These can include a diuretic (water pill), nitrate, or ACE inhibitor. You can also try wearing compression stockings and limiting the length of time you spend standing or sitting still with legs hanging down.
Vision loss among the elderly is a major health care problem. Approximately one person in three has some form of vision-reducing eye disease by the age of 65. Signs Of Crohn S Disease In Adults. The. Widespread misconceptions among both health care providers and the public are a major barrier to the optimal management of diabetes in older adults. Some of. Eye twitching, eyelid tics and spasms are pretty common. Called "myokymia" in doctor lingo, these rippling muscle contractions usually involve only the lower eyelid. The prevalence of obesity in the United States is increasing in all age groups. During the past 30 years, the proportion of older adults who are obese has doubled.
Keeping moving improves the blood circulation. Another type of edema is called pulmonary edema. This happens when fluid builds up in the lungs because of high blood pressure.
It occurs when long- term high blood pressure weakens your heart’s left ventricle. (This is normally the strongest part of your heart muscle). Fluids then back up into the lungs, which makes it difficult to breathe. Your healthcare provider can prescribe treatment to help this. High Blood Pressure and Vascular Ulcers: Vascular ulcers are skin sores that can appear in your feet, lower legs, or calves. They are caused by weaknesses in the calf muscles and in the valves in the veins of your legs. This causes blood to pool in your lower limbs, which stretches tiny blood vessels called capillaries.
Older Adults' Health and Age- Related Changes. Myth. Physical and mental inactivity, smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and depression are all associated with an increased risk for the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Memory Development In Adults. Each of these factors can be modified. Keeping mentally and physically active can help preserve cognitive skills, reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and maintain overall health.
Unique To Older Adults > Falls Prevention > Aging & Health A To Z > Health in Aging. Vision. As you get older, your visual acuity (sight) and depth perception gets worse. Many older adults use glasses for reading or seeing distances by the time we reach 6. Scientists have found that using corrective eyeglasses may reduce the risk of falls, although it is important to use extra care until you are very comfortable and used to your new glasses.
A look at 6 common big kid sleep problems, including anxiety, sleepwalking and snoring, and how to help your kid sleep better. Most children and adults with ADHD also suffer from disrupted sleep or sleep disorders like insomnia. How do ADHD symptoms and medications affect sleep? Background Despite the aging of the population, little is known about the sexual behaviors and sexual function of older people. Methods We report the prevalence of. Want to know the best time to sleep and wake up? If you want to sync your body to the rhythm of nature, try and sleep between 10 pm and 6 am.
Most Canadians drink at a moderate level. In a 2010 survey, 77 per cent of Canadians aged 15 and older reported drinking alcohol in the past year. Sleep supplements, herbs, vitamins, and review of diet and foods for a good night's rest October 16 2017 by Ray Sahelian, M.D., sign up to a free newsletter on the.
If you are visually impaired, there are specialized programs that train you to get around safely to reduce the impact on your daily activities. But aging may also bring on other conditions that make it harder to see clearly. These include cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration (loss of central vision), among others. If you have any of these conditions, your vision may be able to be improved in different ways. These include wearing glasses, taking medicines, or using special equipment or training. You should make sure that you tell your healthcare provider any time you notice any change in your vision. Your provider should check your vision regularly at your appointments, and order treatment as soon as possible for anything that can be improved. Cataracts. An outpatient surgery is usually all that is necessary to remove your cataracts. Cataract removal reduces your likelihood of falling.
Macular degeneration. Some types can be stopped before they proceed too far by receiving injections of a special type of medication. Others are untreatable.
But even in severe cases, peripheral (side) vision usually remains. Special lenses and devices allow many people with macular degeneration to continue to live active lives, watch TV, and even read. Glaucoma. This condition is caused by high pressure in the eye that damages the optic nerve. It can be treated by using prescription drops into the eye or even surgery. But many people have no symptoms, and therefore your eyes must be properly checked at least every two years to rule out this frequent cause of blindness. Hearing. About one- third of people over 6.
Hearing loss has been associated with a higher risk for falls, and makes it harder to: understand people’s speech, including instructions from healthcare providershear alarms and warningsuse the telephonesocialize. Your healthcare provider can remove excess wax build- up in your ears, which may have been making it harder to hear. If you feel that your hearing is not as good as it used to be, you should also have your hearing checked by a licensed professional (such as an audiologist or otolaryngologist).
Many types of hearing aids are now available and are very effective. Other kinds of devices can be very helpful for different situations. Numbness. As you get older, you may develop a painless, decreased sensitivity to touch known as neuropathy. This is often a complication of diabetes but may occur on its own.
If it affects your feet and legs, neuropathy can be a strong risk factor for falling. Some neuropathies can be treated once your healthcare provider has identified the cause. Therefore it is important to let them know if you notice a loss of feeling in your feet or hands. Unfortunately, if your numbness is simply age- related, there may be no medical treatment for it at this time. Osteoporosis Evaluation. To measure your bone strength, your doctor will send you for a densitometry screening. This painless test will measure your bone mineral density (BMD), which tells you how much calcium is in your bones.
A low BMD means you may have osteopenia (moderate bone loss) or even osteoporosis (severe bone loss). These conditions put you at high risk of fractures if you fall. Control of Blood Pressure. Some frail older people experience a sudden drop in blood pressure when they stand up after lying down, or if they have been lying or sitting down for a while. Russian Last Names Beginning With M. This is known as postural hypotension, a condition that often results in serious falls and injuries. Tell your healthcare provider if you have ever experienced dizziness or a feeling of fainting or blacking out when you stand up quickly. They will check your blood pressure and test your heart rate, rhythm, and circulation.
If an irregular or slow heart rate is discovered, you may benefit from a pacemaker. This device keeps your heart beating at a healthy regular rate. Your medications may also be causing some of these symptoms, and may need some adjustment. Some medications are also available that increase blood pressure. Your healthcare provider will know if this is right for you. Your provider may also suggest changes to your diet, including increasing fluids, eating more salt if that’s appropriate and drinking coffee at meals if your blood pressure dips after eating. Avoiding Tight Control of Blood Sugars in Frail Diabetics. For diabetic patients, there is a crucial marker for blood sugar called hemoglobin (Hb) A1c. For adult diabetics, the target for Hb.
A1c levels is 7%.