Panthera tigris (Tiger)The Tiger once ranged widely across Asia, from Turkey in the west to the eastern coast of Russia (Nowell and Jackson 1. Over the past 1. 00 years Tigers have disappeared from southwest and central Asia, from two Indonesian islands (Java and Bali) and from large areas of Southeast and Eastern Asia. Tigers inhabit less than 6% of their historic range (Sanderson et al. Walston et al. 2. Breeding populations of Tigers are currently found in eight range states: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Russia, and Thailand. There is evidence of breeding in China and Myanmar between 2. Tigers may still persist in North Korea, although there has been no recent confirmed evidence.
In 1. 99. 4, the first comprehensive assessment to delineate Tiger range was carried out (Dinerstein et al. Priority areas for Tiger conservation were estimated to total 1. Tiger Conservation Units (TCUs), roughly equivalent to discrete meta- populations, not including Russia (later estimated at 2. Sanderson et al. 2. China. While this was generally considered representative of current distribution, Tiger presence was confirmed in just 4. TCUs, and 8. 9% were scored as undergoing medium to high levels of poaching of Tigers and their prey. This exercise was revised and updated ten years later, and in delineating Tiger Conservation Landscapes (TCLs), greater emphasis was placed on actual records of Tiger presence and breeding (Sanderson et al.
TCLs were defined as areas where there is sufficient habitat to conserve at least five Tigers, and Tigers have been confirmed to occur in the past decade. Tiger range was estimated at 1. TCLs (again, roughly equivalent to discrete meta- populations). This represented a 4. South and Southeast Asia, a drop from 1. Sanderson et al. 2. Dinerstein et al.
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Habitat loss due to deforestation was also to blame, notable particularly in Sumatra and Myanmar (Wikramanayake et al. In India, landscapes with Tigers found to be much smaller and more fragmented than in the original assessment (Sanderson et al. Paid Apprenticeships For Adults.
Figure 4. 1. 2). Records of Tigers were collected over a ten- year period (1. Cambodia which underwent a sharp rise in poaching pressure in the 1.
Sanderson et al. 2. Appendix 6). While 5. TCU survey respondents reported evidence of Tiger breeding in the time period 1. Tigers (Sanderson et al. Large areas of habitat were defined as Tiger landscapes based on suitability, but given data paucity on Tiger presence there were often few records of breeding and actual Tiger occupancy to substantiate these (Sanderson et al. Figures 2. 3 and 4.
A review of land management within Tiger Conservation Landscapes described the TCLs as “potential habitat for Tigers” and found only 2. Dating Site Where Disable People Meet. Management effectiveness was generally poor in the protected areas, with regulatory, budgetary and enforcement constraints, and hunting cited as the main threat. Significant portions of the TCLs are designated concessions for resource extraction (timber, oil and gas, minerals, etc.) (Forrest et al. Tiger range was revisited again in 2.
Tiger’s range collapse had become evident. Vast areas of Southeast Asia [were] recently found to be void of Tigers and depleted of prey by hunters” (Walston et al. The exercise used a different methodology to prioritize areas for Tiger conservation. Source Sites were defined as areas with confirmed current presence of Tigers and evidence of breeding, population estimates of > 2. An extensive review of scientific literature as well as correspondence with Tiger scientists and protected area managers resulted in the identification of just 4. Many Southeast Asian countries, previously considered to have large areas with Tigers, were found, on the basis of extensive survey effort over the past decade or more, to have no healthy breeding populations. Since this publication, Lao PDR has lost its only source site, but Bhutan, originally listed as a country not containing source sites, has documented breeding populations. See Figures 1 and 2 in supplementary material].
The map for this effort (Figure 1 in supplementary material) differentiates areas where breeding has been detected in the past five years (2. Tigers, but no breeding have been detected in the past five years, areas surveyed where no Tigers were detected and areas not surveyed. Data include camera trap photos, DNA, and observations of Tigers and Tiger sign detected during scientific surveys. Unsurveyed areas were excluded from Tiger range. Figure 2 (attached Supporting Material) documents a 4.
Tigers Facts For Kids & Adults. Pictures, Video, In- Depth Information.
This page contains tiger facts, pictures, video and in- depth information.***The tiger is the biggest member of the cat family. Fast, strong and stealthy, it is an apex predator (i. The tiger is instantly recognizable due to its striped coat and large size. Yet despite being one of the world’s best known animals, the tiger is an endangered species. Research suggests that there may be fewer than 3,2. It is quite possible that this fearsome big cat will become extinct in the wild within our lifetimes.
On this page we’ll take an in- depth look at these beautiful, but deadly, predators. Click to see more animals in the Active Wild Online Zoo. Page Index. Tiger Facts at a Glance. Scientific name: Panthera tigris.
Type of Animal: Mammal, member of the order Carnivora. Animal Family: Felidae. Where Found: Southeast Asia, eastern Russia. Length: males: 2. Weight: males: 9. Shoulder height: 0.
Conservation Status: Endangered. Description. Children all over the world can identify a tiger. The tiger has a large, muscular body.
Its orange coat is marked with vertical black stripes, the likely purpose of which is to provide camouflage in tall grass and foliage. The fur on its chest, undersides and the insides of its legs is white. The tiger has the typically flat face of a felid (a felid is a member of the cat family, Felidae). There are patches of white fur around the eyes and on the cheeks and muzzle. The face is marked with black lines. The tiger’s eyes are pale yellow. On the back of each of the tiger’s ears is a white spot.
There are a number of theories as to what the purpose of these spots may be. One suggestion is that they are ‘false eyes’ that serve either to confuse prey or to trick potential predators into thinking that the tiger can see them. Another suggestion is that they are used in communication – an aggressive tiger will twist its ears so that the white spots are visible.
A third theory is that the spots help cubs to keep track of their mother’s location in tall grass. This may be the least likely explanation, as male tigers – who play no part in bringing up the young – also have ear spots. The tiger’s claws are retractable, and are only extended when in use.
This helps to keep them sharp and in good condition. There are five toes on each forefoot and four on each hind foot. The tiger’s canine teeth are the longest of any felid, and can extend up to 9.
There is a significant size difference between male and female tigers, with males weighing up to 1. White Tigers. Very occasionally, a mutation causes a tiger’s coat to be white rather than orange. This only occurs in the Bengal tiger subspecies (see below).
Tigers with this mutation are known as ‘white tigers’. White tiger. Tiger Family & Related Animals. Tigers are mammals, and the largest (non- hybrid) members of the cat family, Felidae. However, not all tigers are bigger than lions; there is a large overlap in size between the two species. Hybrids are the offspring of two different species. Occasionally, a male lion and a female tiger may mate and produce a hybrid known as a liger. Ligers are bigger than tigers and are the largest cat.
It may seem hard to believe that the domestic cat (Felis catus), is in the same family as the tiger, but If you watch your pet cat closely and compare its behavior with that of a tiger (on film or at a zoo) you’ll see similarities in the way both animals move and behave!(Your pet cat may be cute, but at heart he’s a killing machine!)Felidae is split into two subfamilies: Pantherinae and Felinae. The tiger is in the subfamily Pantherinae, along with the other species which together are known as the ‘big cats‘.‘Big cats’ is not a very scientific term, and can mean different things to different people. You can read more about the various definitions here: What Is a Big Cat? Tigers are members of the Panthera genus, which also includes lions, jaguars, leopards and snow leopards.
A genus is a group of closely related animals.)The Tiger’s scientific name is Panthera tigris. There are 6 types, or subspecies, of tiger.
You can read about them further down the page. Where do tigers live?
Most tigers live in tropical regions, but the Siberian, or Amur, tiger lives in temperate areas in Russia. Breeding populations of tigers currently exist in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Russia, and Thailand. They may also be present in China, Myanmar and North Korea. Use the map below to find out where these counties are: Tigers used to be present across all of Asia, from Turkey in the west to eastern Russia. Today they are present in only 7% of their former range. Tiger habitat. Tigers are found in a variety of habitats, including tropical rainforests, taiga (cold northern forests), swamps and grasslands.
Most tigers live in tropical regions, in which the temperature is hot all year round. One isolated population remains in Siberia, in the Russian Far East.