Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms that include the inability to keep one’s attention focused on a task, trouble organizing tasks, avoiding things that take effort, and follow- through. ADHD may also include problems with hyperactivity (fidgeting, excessive talking, restlessness) and impulsivity (difficulty waiting one’s turn or with patience, interrupting others). It is typically treated with stimulant medications, such as Ritalin, and psychotherapy.
Have you ever had trouble concentrating, found it hard to sit still, interrupted others during a conversation, or acted impulsively without thinking things through? Can you recall times when you daydreamed or had difficulty focusing on the task at hand? Most of us can picture acting this way from time to time. But for some people, these and other exasperating behaviors are uncontrollable, persistently plaguing their day- to- day existence and interfering with their ability to form lasting friendships or succeed in school, at home, and with a career.
Unlike a broken bone or cancer, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, also sometimes referred to as just plain attention deficit disorder or ADD) does not show physical signs that can be detected by a blood or other lab test*. The typical ADHD symptoms often overlap with those of other physical and psychological disorders. The causes remain unknown, but ADHD can be diagnosed and effectively treated. Many resources are available to support families in managing ADHD behaviors when they occur. Attention deficit disorder has been around a lot longer than most people realize. In fact, a condition that appears to be similar to ADHD was described by Hippocrates, who lived from 4.
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a very common mental health disorder, affecting 8.7% of people during their lifetime. The core PTSD symptoms are. Signs and symptoms of ADHD in adults. In adults, attention deficit disorder often looks quite different than it does in children—and its symptoms are unique for. Read the latest medical research on ADD, ADHD and related attention deficit disorders. Find information on ADD and ADHD tests, diagnosis methods, ADHD drugs and new. Google in Health Google is making significant investments in health, wellness, and life sciences. Here are some of the teams focusing efforts in this space.
BC. The name attention deficit disorder was first introduced in 1. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. In 1. 99. 4 the definition was altered to include three groups within ADHD: the predominantly hyperactive- impulsive type; the predominantly inattentive type; and the combined type (in the DSM- 5, these are now referred to as “presentations”). Wondering if you might have ADHD? Take our ADHD quiz now. It’s free, no registration required, and provides instant feedback.
Find out how many people have PTSD and who is most likely to develop PTSD.
Get information on medical marijuana for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Find reviews on medical cannabis doctors in your area from Marijuana Doctors. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a traumatic event, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic. By Dr David Lake (With thanks for inspiration from Gary Craig, and all the contributors to the EFT field here.) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
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ADHD usually appears first in childhood, but can also now be diagnosed in adults (as long as some symptoms were present in the individual’s childhood, but simply never diagnosed). We’ve compiled this library of ADHD resources for you to explore. Christian Dating After A Divorce.
We encourage you to take your time with these resources, print out things you’d like to read more carefully, and bring any additional questions to your family doctor or a mental health professional. The good news is that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is readily treated nowadays with psychiatric medications and psychotherapy.
Don’t be put off by the number of things written about ADHD — because it’s a serious mental illness, a lot has been written about it! Read what you need, and leave the rest for another day.
What are the symptoms doctors and therapists use to diagnose ADHD? Are they different for children and teenagers, than for adults? Problems Related to ADHDADHD: What a Difference a Diagnosis Makes. OCD & ADHD: Is There a Connection? ADHD is readily treatable, although finding the right treatment that works for you can sometimes take time. Specific treatment options covered in this article include: Non- medication Treatments for ADHDMedications Used in the Treatment of Attention- Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder.
Help and treatment for ADHD is just a click away. But you have to make the choice to do so — nobody can make it for you. Our Online Support Group. Find a treatment provider now. Recommended Books on ADHDHave a friend or loved one that you suspect has ADHD? Here are some ways to help someone with ADHD. Ways To Help Someone With ADHD In Crisis.
When Your Partner with ADHD Doesn’t Listen. Strategies for Trust and ADHDWhile no two people experience ADHD in exactly the same way, it helps to know that you are not alone. These articles help people who are living with ADHD in their lives. Tips for Getting Organized for Adults with ADHD5 Warning Signs of Tipping Points in an ADHD Life. The Biggest Lesson I’ve Learned in Managing my ADHDCoping Tips for ADHDAdults & ADHD: 8 Tips to Make Good Decisions. ADHD in Adults: 5 Tips for Taming Impulsivity. Adults & ADHD: 7 Tips for Finishing What You Start.
Strategies for Navigating Common Conversation Stumbles in ADHD9 Ways for Adults with ADHD to Get Motivated. Attention deficit disorder affects different groups of people differently. You can learn more — and read people’s blogs — about how various people with ADHD cope and live with it. ADHD in Adults & Can Adults Have ADHD?
Famous People with ADHDMore Resources: ADHD on The Mighty. What are the basic facts and most commonly asked questions about ADHD?
Diagnosing Attention Deficit Disorder in Children and Adults. Diagnosing ADHD: What you need to know. Are you easily sidetracked, hopelessly disorganized, or frequently forgetful and wondering if attention deficit disorder’s to blame? Do you look at your rambunctious, fidgety child and think it might be ADHD?
Before you jump to conclusions, keep in mind that diagnosing ADHD isn’t quite that simple. Even chronic hyperactivity or distractibility doesn’t necessarily equal ADHD. There is no single medical, physical, or other test for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), previously known as ADD. To determine if you or your child has ADHD, a doctor or other health professional will need to be involved, and you can expect him or her to use a number of different tools: a checklist of symptoms, answers to questions about past and present problems, or a medical exam to rule out other causes for symptoms.
Keep in mind that the symptoms of ADHD, such as concentration problems and hyperactivity, can be confused with other disorders and medical problems. Just because it looks like ADHD doesn’t mean it is, so getting a thorough assessment and diagnosis is important. Making the ADHD diagnosis.
ADHD looks different in every person, so there is a wide array of criteria—or measures to test—to help health professionals reach a diagnosis. It is important to be open and honest with the specialist conducting your evaluation so that he or she can come to the most accurate conclusion. Important factors in the diagnosis. To be diagnosed with ADHD, you or your child must display a combination of strong ADHD hallmark symptoms, namely hyperactivity, impulsivity, or inattention. The mental health professional assessing the problem will also look at the following factors: How severe are the symptoms?
To be diagnosed with ADHD, the symptoms must have a negative impact on you or your child’s life. In general, people who truly have ADHD have major problems in one or more areas of their life, such as their career, finances, or family responsibilities. When did the symptoms start? Since ADHD starts in childhood, the doctor or therapist will look at how early the symptoms appeared. If you are an adult, can you trace the symptoms back to your childhood? How long have the symptoms been bothering you or your child?
Symptoms must have been going on for at least 6 months before ADHD can be diagnosed. When and where do the symptoms appear? The symptoms of ADHD must be present in multiple settings, such as at home and school.
If the symptoms only appear in one environment, it is unlikely that ADHD is to blame. Common symptoms of ADHD (look for 5 or more for diagnosis). Symptoms of inattention.
Symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity. Often fails to give close attention to detail or makes mistakes. Often fidgets with or taps hands and feet, or squirms in seat. Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or activities. Often leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expected.
Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. Often unable to play or engage in leisure activities quietly.
Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork or workplace duties. Often runs and climbs in situations where it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to feeling restless)Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities. Is often "on the go," acting as if "driven by a motor"Often avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort. Often blurts out answers before a question has been completed. Loses things necessary for tasks or activities. Often has difficulty waiting their turn.
Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli. Often interrupts or intrudes on others. Is often forgetful in daily activities. Often talks excessively. Source: NYS Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence. Finding a specialist who can diagnose ADHDQualified professionals trained in diagnosing ADHD can include clinical psychologists, physicians, or clinical social workers.
Choosing a specialist can seem confusing at first. The following are steps you can take toward finding the right person to evaluate you or your child. Get recommendations. Doctors, therapists, and friends you trust may like a particular specialist. Ask them questions about their choice and try out their recommendation. Do your homework.
Find out the professional certification and academic degrees of the specialists you are looking into. If possible, talk to former patients and clients, and find out what their experience was. Feel at ease. Feeling comfortable with the specialist is an important part of picking someone right to evaluate you. Try to be yourself, ask questions, and be honest with the professional. You may need to speak with a few specialists before choosing the person that is best for you. Check price and insurance.
DSM- 5 Criteria for PTSD Brain. Line. In 2. 01. 3, the American Psychiatric Association revised the PTSD diagnostic criteria in the fifth edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM- 5)1. The diagnostic criteria are specified below. Note that DSM- 5 introduced a preschool subtype of PTSD for children ages six years and younger.
The criteria below are specific to adults, adolescents, and children older than six years. Diagnostic criteria for PTSD include a history of exposure to a traumatic event that meets specific stipulations and symptoms from each of four symptom clusters: intrusion, avoidance, negative alterations in cognitions and mood, and alterations in arousal and reactivity. The sixth criterion concerns duration of symptoms; the seventh assesses functioning; and, the eighth criterion clarifies symptoms as not attributable to a substance or co- occurring medical condition. Two specifications are noted including delayed expression and a dissociative subtype of PTSD, the latter of which is new to DSM- 5. In both specifications, the full diagnostic criteria for PTSD must be met for application to be warranted. Criterion A: stressor.
The person was exposed to: death, threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence, as follows: (one required)Direct exposure. Witnessing the trauma, in person. Indirectly, by learning that a close relative or close friend was exposed to trauma. Indirect exposure to aversive details of the event(s), usually in the course of professional duties (e. Criterion B: intrusion symptoms. The traumatic event is persistently re- experienced in the following way(s): (one required)Intrusive thoughts: Recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive memories. Note: Children older than six may express this symptom in repetitive play.
Nnightmares. Note: Children may have frightening dreams without content related to the trauma(s). Dissociative reactions (e. Note: Children may reenact the event in play. Intense or prolonged distress after exposure to traumatic reminders. Marked physiologic reactivity after exposure to trauma- related stimuli.
Criterion C: avoidance. Avoidance of trauma- related stimuli after the trauma, in the following way(s): (one required)Trauma- related thoughts or feelings. Trauma- related external reminders (e. Criterion D: negative alterations in cognitions and mood. Negative thoughts or feelings that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s): (two required)Inability to recall key features of the trauma (usually dissociative amnesia; not due to head injury, alcohol, or drugs). Overly (and often distorted) negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself or the world (e.
I am bad," "The world is completely dangerous"). Exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma event or for resulting consequences. Negative affect / negative trauma- related emotions (e. Decreased interest in (pre- traumatic) activities. Feeling isolated (e.
Difficulty experiencing positive affect / persistent inability to experience positive emotions. Criterion E: alterations in arousal and reactivity.
Trauma- related alterations in arousal and reactivity that began or worsened after the trauma, in the following way(s): (two required)Irritability or aggression. Risky or destructive behavior. Hypervigilance. Heightened startle reaction.
Difficulty concentrating. Difficulty sleeping. Criterion F: duration. Symptoms last for more than 1 month. Criterion G: functional significance. Symptoms create distress or functional impairment (e.
Criterion H: exclusion. Symptoms are not due to medication, substance use, or other illness. Specify if: With dissociative symptoms. In addition to meeting criteria for diagnosis, an individual experiences high levels of either of the following in reaction to trauma- related stimuli: Depersonalization: experience of being an outside observer of or detached from oneself (e. Derealization: experience of unreality, distance, or distortion (e.
Specify if: With delayed expression. Full diagnosis is not met until at least six months after the trauma(s), although onset of symptoms may occur immediately. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Mental Health, Counseling and Therapy Services for Children and Adults. Dr. Frank Doberman. Dr. Frank Doberman is Co- Founder of KPA and has over 3. Family Educator and is a leader in the fields. Psychology and Family Education. Dr. Doberman consults with adults, children and familes. He provides consultation to school districts, hospitals, and family care agencies.
He is a Certified School Psychologist, Certified School District Adminstrator as well as Licensed Psychologist.